Emalus Campus

Information About



Papua New Guinea Words and Phrases Legally Defined

"A legal or equitable interest or claim to the property"—Criminal Code (Ch262), s383A. The State v Gene [1991] PNGLR 33

"Abstract"—Electrical power. State v Paipua [1982] PNGLR 402

"Admission"—Criminal Code (Ch262), s589 [check]

"Action to enforce any claim"—Motor Vehicles (Third Party Insurance) Act (Ch295), s54(6). Rundle v Motor Vehicle Insurance (PNG) Trust (No 1) [1988] PNGLR 20

"Acknowledge(d) the debt of my wife . . . in the amount of . . ." Niugini-Lloyds International Bank Ltd v Sakora [1987] PNGLR 275

"Accessory after the fact". State v Nana [1986] PNGLR 83

"According to law"—Constitution. Avia Aihi v State [1981] PNGLR 81

"According to law"—Constitution, s37(4)(a). SCR No 2 of 1990; Re Constitution s37(4)(a) and ss 327, 333 of the Income Tax Act 1959 [1991] PNGLR 211

"Act or Omission". Yaku v Commissioner of Police [1980] PNGLR 27

"Act done under a valid law". Raz v Matane [1986] PNGLR 38

"Acting on advice"—Post and Telecommunication Act 1982. Wari v Ramoi [1986] PNGLR 112

"Action"—Statute of Frauds. Pilang v Kont [1976] PNGLR 487

"Acquiring assets for use in PNG—Income Tax. Global Marine Australia Ltd v Collector of Taxes [1986] PNGLR 123

"Admissible only if"—National Land Registration Act. Karahara v State [1986] PNGLR 186

"All wages or salary of an employee"—Companies Act. Gopalan v Uni Transport [1986] PNGLR 101

"All persons". Carolus Ketsimur v Joe Morerei [1987] PNGLR 325

"Amendment"—Interpretation Act. Avona v State [1986] PNGLR 148

"Any person"—Motor Vehicles (Third Party Insurance) Act (Ch295). Kiak v Tora Enterprises [1986] PNGLR 265

"Any question relating to the interpretation or application of any provision of a Constitutional Law"—Constitution, s19(1). SCR No 2 of 1987; Re Seeto [1987] PNGLR 31

"Antecedents"—District Court Nup v Hambuga [1984] PNGLR 206

"Any person"—Motor Vehicles (Third Party Insurance) Act (Ch295), s49(2). Pupune v Motor Vehicles Insurance (PNG) Trust [1991] PNGLR 353

"An illegal action against the peace and good order of the country"—Public Service Act. PEA v PSC [1983] PNGLR 206

"Appeal"—"Review"—Constitution Aiva Aihi v State [1981] PNGLR 81

"Arguable case". Diro v Ombudsman Commission of Papua New Guinea [1991] PNGLR 153

"Arrested"—Constitution, s42(2). The State v Paro Wampa [1987] PNGLR 120

"As of right"—Judicial Proceedings (Interest on debts and damages) Act (Ch52), s2. Cheong Supermarket Pty Ltd v Pery Muro Trading as Gigidu Tradestore [1987] PNGLR 24

"Application"—Adoption of Children Act (Ch275), s3. Applicaton of RW and SW [1991] PNGLR 308

"Assessable income"—Income tax. Travelodge v Collector of Taxes [1985] PNGLR 129

"As of right"—Judicial Proceedings (Interest on debts and damages) Act (Ch52), s2. Cheong Supermarket Pty Ltd v Pery Muro Trading as Gigidu Tradestore [1987] PNGLR 24

"As of right"—Judicial Proceedings (Interest on debts and damages) Act (Ch52), s2. Cheong Supermarket Pty Ltd v Pery Muro Trading as Gigidu Tradestore [1987] PNGLR 24

"At"—Criminal Code (Ch262), s300(1)(b). Pasi v The State [1991] PNGLR 254

"At the end of the sittings . . . next following the application"—Criminal Code (Ch262), s552(4). The State v John Nuki Yamai [1987] PNGLR 314

"Attorney or agent"—District Court. Laad v Wanjo [1983] PNGLR 114

"Authenticate" and "conclusive evidence". Lavao v State [1978] PNGLR 15; The State v Jeoff Ipata [1988] PNGLR 34

"All liability incurred by the owner of a motor vehicle"—Motor Vehicles Third Party Insurance) Act (Ch295), s49(2). Motor Vehicles Insurance (PNG) Trust v Reading [1988] PNGLR 236

"Any proceedings to enforce any such claim"—Motor Vehicles (Third Party Insurance) Act (Ch295), s54(1). Rundle v Motor Vehicles Insurance (PNG) Trust (No 1) [1988] PNGLR 20

"Arrested"—Constitution, s42(2). SCR No 5 of 1987; The State v Songke Mai [1988] PNGLR 56

"Award of damages"—Judicial Proceedings (Interest on Debts and Damages) Act (Ch52). Motor Vehicles Insurance (PNG) Trust v Reading [1988] PNGLR 236

"Absolute majority vote"—Constitution, Sch1.2. Hagai Joshua v Aron Meya [1988-89] PNGLR 188

"According to law"—Constitution, s37(4)(a). The State v Misari Warun [1988-89] PNGLR 327

"Associations"—Constitution, s47. Application of Karingu [1988-89] PNGLR 276

"Authority"—Defence Act (Ch74), s53 The State v Albert Ugunnie [1988-89] PNGLR 101

"A crime"—Criminal Code (Ch262), s39. The State v Tohian [1990] PNGLR 173

"Afforded a fair hearing within a reasonable time"—Constitution, s37(3). Re operation of National Court in the Eastern Highlands and Simbu Province [1990] PNGLR 82

"After hours" The State v Anis [1990] PNGLR 239

"Any court or tribunal"—Constitution, s18(2) Tohian v Geita [1990] PNGLR 353

"Any person"—Organic Law on the Duties and Responsibilities of Leadership (Ch1), s21(1).] The State v Gabriel Ramoi (No 1) [1990] PNGLR 133

"Attempting to pervert the course of justice"—Criminal Code (Ch262), s136 The State v Geyame Kiliki [1990] PNGLR 216

"Aggrieved person"—Land Titles Commission Act 1962. Application by Hawinda [1992] PNGLR 306

"Basic Rights". Raz v Matane [1985] PNGLR 329

"Beneficially held"—Income Tax. Thiess Bros v Collector of Taxes [1978] PNGLR 474

"Breach of Peace"—Summary offence. Samana v Waki [1984] PNGLR 8

"Breach of the peace." The State v Geyame Kiliki [1990] PNGLR 216

"Brought to trial"—Criminal Code (Ch262), s552(2). Lindsay Kivia v The State [1988] PNGLR 107

"Bodily injury"—Motor Vehicles (Third Party Insurance) Act, s49. Motor Vehicles Insurance (PNG) Trust v Reading [1988-89] PNGLR 608

"By notice in the National Gazette"—National Investment and Development Act s7. Bougainville Copper Foundation v Minister for Trade & Industry [1988-89] PNGLR 110

"Cancel"—Driving licence. Mon v Mathew [1975] PNGLR 16

"Candidate"—Elections. Ebu v Evara [1983] PNGLR 201

"Capital"—Income Tax. Travelodge v Collector of Taxes [1985] PNGLR 129

"Cause of action stated in the summons"—District Courts Act (Ch40), s137. Niugini-Lloyds International Bank Ltd v Sakora [1987] PNGLR 275

"Cause of action stated in the summons"—District Courts Act (Ch40), s137. Niugini-Lloyds International Bank Ltd v Sakora [1987] PNGLR 275

"Caused"—Criminal Code. State v Pah [1985] PNGLR 188

"Causing"—of some specific result is an element—Criminal Code. State v Pah [1985] PNGLR 188

"Cause of action stated in the summons"—District Courts Act (Ch40), s137. Niugini-Lloyds International Bank Ltd v Sakora [1987] PNGLR 275

"Chance". Kimbe International Primary School v Narpal [1987] PNGLR 442

"Charged"—Criminal Code. State v Principal Magistrate [1983] PNGLR 43

"Childrens Court". Singorom v Kalaut [1985] PNGLR 238

"Claim in a guarantee". Eresseri v Halla [1985] PNGLR 294

"Communicate without delay"—Constitution, s42(2). The State v Paro Wampa [1987] PNGLR 120

"Complainant"—District Court Harangau v Wangiwa [1984] PNGLR 244

"Consent". Kavali v Hoihoi [1986] PNGLR 329

"Consultation"—Provincial Govenment Morobe v State [1984] PNGLR 212

"Contract"—Public Service. Keboki v State [1984] PNGLR 281

"Contracted obligation"—Constitution. Bepi v Simon [1986] PNGLR 233

"Contract of service". Brendal v Golden Square [1983] PNGLR 257

"Contravenes"—Land Act. Jivetuo v State [1984] PNGLR 174

"Consented to". Paul Torato v Sir Tei Abal [1987] PNGLR 403

"Constitutional Law"—Constitution, s19. SCR No 2 of 1987; Re Seeto [1987] PNGLR 31

"Consultation"—Constitution, s255(5). Pung Nimp v Robi Rumants [1987] PNGLR 96

"Corroboration in some material particular "—Child Welfare Act (Ch276), s55(3). L v M [1987] PNGLR 365

"Costs"—Arbitration Act. Kramer v State [1985] PNGLR 200

"Consented to". Paul Torato v Sir Tei Abal [1987] PNGLR 403

"Constitutional Law"—Constitution, s19. SCR No 2 of 1987; Re Seeto [1987] PNGLR 31

"Consultation"—Constitution, s255. Pung Nimp v Robi Rumants [1987] PNGLR 96

"Corroboration in some material particular"—Child Welfare Act (Ch276) s55(3). L v M [1987] PNGLR 365

"Conviction, order or adjudication"—District Courts Act (Ch40), s219. Francis Pora v Alois Sepetio [1988] PNGLR 206

"Candidate"—Organic Law on National Elections s212. SCR No 5 of 1988; Application by Melchior Kasap [1988-89] PNGLR 197

"Charged with an offence"—Constitution, s37(3). Public Employees Association of Papua New Guinea v Public Services Commission [1988-89] PNGLR 585

"Contracted". Ilimo Farm Products P/L v General Accident Fire and Life Assurance Corporation Ltd [1988-89] PNGLR 342

"Corruptly"—Criminal Code s120. The State v Toamara [1988-89] PNGLR 253

"Corruptly asks for, receives or obtains"—Organic Law on Duties and Responsibilities of Leadership s11. Re Gerard Sigulogo [1988-89] PNGLR 384; Criminal Code s287. Java Johnson Beraro v The State [1988-89] PNGLR ?

"Cause". National Airline Commission trading as Air Niugini v Lysenko [1990] PNGLR 226

"City"—Cities Act (Ch4). Morobe Bakery Pty Ltd v Minister for Lands and Physical Planning [1990] PNGLR 96

"Conduces"—Deserted Wives and Children Act (Ch277), s3(5). Noi v Noi [1990] PNGLR 335

"Consult"—Organic Law on Provincial Government, s50(1). Kembol v The State [1990] PNGLR 67

"Convicted on indictement"—Criminal Code (Ch262), s330(2). The State v Kenny Lau [1990] PNGLR 191

"Crime of Treason"—Criminal Code (Ch262), s37. The State v Tohian [1990] PNGLR 173

"Decision", meaning of under District Courts Act (Ch40). Yawari v English [1996] PNGLR 446

"Detained"—Constitution, s42(2). The State v Paro Wampa [1987] PNGLR 120

"Dishonestly"—Criminal Code (Ch262), s383A. Brian Kindi Lawi v The State [1987] PNGLR 183

"Distribution of liquor"—Organic Law on Provincial Government (Ch1) s24, s25. Kapua Wasant v Peter Nangai [1987] PNGLR 308

"Detained"—Constitution, s42(2). The State v Paro Wampa [1987] PNGLR 120

"Declaration of the results of the election". Soreno v Nayara [1985] PNGLR 444

"Defence on merits"—Criminal. State v Tanedo [1975] PNGLR 395

"Deprivation of liberty"—Constitution. Application by Tom Irreeuw [1985] PNGLR 430

"Divert"—Electricity. State v Paipua [1982] PNGLR 402

"Dishonestly"—Criminal Code (Ch262), s383A. Brian Kindi Lawi v The State [1987] PNGLR 183

"Damages"—Judicial Proceedings (Interest on Debts and Damages) Act (Ch52). Motor Vehicles Insurance (PNG) Trust v Reading [1988] PNGLR 236

"Decisions, requisition or orders" as used in Mining (Safety) Act (Ch195) is synonymous to "findings". Dyno Wesfarmers Limited v The Chief Inspector of Mines [1996] PNGLR 408

"Deliberately with intent to hinder court". David Gwaya Poka v Independent State of Papua New Guinea [1988] PNGLR 218

"Deck cargo"—Hague Rules, r17(2). Ilimo Farm Products Pty Ltd v General Accident Fire and Life Assurance Corporation Ltd [1988-89] PNGLR 342

"Dissatisfaction with his conditions"—Industrial Relations Act s63. Steamships Trading Co Ltd v Ruba Leva [1988-89] PNGLR 248

"Duly determined"—Summary Ejectment Act s3. Regione v Palms Tavern Pty Ltd [1988-89] PNGLR 150

"Duties"—Organic Law on the Duties and Responsibilities of Leadership, s28. SCR No 2 of 1982; Re Kunangel [1991] PNGLR 1

"Designed for pleasure or sport"—Customs Act (Ch101). Dolphin Enterprises Pty Ltd v Saun [1990] PNGLR 77

"Due diligence"—Supreme Court Rules, r53. General Accident Fire and Life Assurance Corporation Ltd v Ilimo Farm Products Pty Ltd [1990] PNGLR 331

"Due inquiry and search"—Motor Vehicles (Third Party Insurance) Act. Revit Mangoi v Motor Vehicles Insurance (PNG) Trust [1990] PNGLR 327

"Emergency"—University of Technology Act 1986 (Ch170), s29(c). Gini v University of Technology [1991] PNGLR 201

"Execution"—Claims By and Against the State Act (Ch30) s6. Wagambie v Rockus Lokinap [1991] PNGLR 145 Missing 89] PNGLR 562

"Equivalent"—Lawyers Act 1986, s41(1)(d). Siaguru—Khaisir v Papua New Guinea Law Society [1988-89] PNGLR 509

"Error in compilation of roll"—Organic Law on National Elections s141. Re Torato v Electoral Commissioner of Papua New Guinea [1988-89] PNGLR 83

"Effective"—Criminal. Kakore v State [1975] PNGLR 104

"Entitled to be discharged". State v Yasim [1983] PNGLR 111

"Evidence of a judgment". Tugein v Gotaha [1984] PNGLR 137

"Except where otherwise expressly provided"—Criminal. State v Danny Sunu [1983] PNGLR 396

"Exceptional circumstances "—Adoption of children. In Re TTB an infant [1983] PNGLR 215

"Exceptional circumstances"—Bail Taminen v State [1983] PNGLR 122; State v Yabara [1984] PNGLR 133

"Extenuating circumstances"—District Court. Nup v Hambuga [1984] PNGLR 206; Peter v Kapriko [1984] PNGLR 179

"Exclusive jurisdiction"—Land Titles Commission Act 1962, s15. Independent State of Papua New Guinea v Lohia Sisia [1987] PNGLR 102

"Entitlement to be discharged"—Criminal Code (Ch262), s552(4) Lindsay Kivia v The State [1988] PNGLR 107

"Exceptional circumstances". Independent State of PNG v Colbert [1988] PNGLR 138

"Employer"—Income Tax Act, s299C. Chief Collector of Taxes v Fly River Provincial Government [1990] PNGLR 284

"Equipment"—Fisheries Act (Ch214), s9. Chern Jin Fa v Naniura [1990] PNGLR 506

"Except in relation to the imposition of a penalty"—Income Tax Act, s299C. Chief Collector of Taxes v Fly River Provincial Government [1990] PNGLR 284

"Exceptional statutory expenditure". Special Constitutional Reference No 1 of 1990—Re Provincial Government Grants [1990] PNGLR 532

"Ex-Parte"—National Court Rules, O16 r3(2). Simon Manjin v Post and Telecommunication Corporation [1990] PNGLR 288

"Embassy" USA v WR Carpenters (Properties) Ltd [1992] PNGLR 185

"Fault"—Wrongs Act. Kupil v State [1983] PNGLR 350

"Fit and proper person"—Dentists. In Re Sifter [1975] PNGLR 435

"For damage sustained"—Civil Aviation liability. Costello v Talair [1985] PNGLR 61

"For use"—Income tax. Global Marine v Collector of Taxes [1986] PNGLR 123

"Fresh evidence—Supreme Court. Peng v State [1982] PNGLR 331 Tabe v State [1983] PNGLR 10

"Full protection of the law"—Constitution. Amaiu v CIS [1983] PNGLR 87

"Film"—Customs (Prohibited Imports) (Films) Regulations 1973, reg3(1) Carolus Ketsimur v Joe Morerei [1987] PNGLR 325

"For good cause"—Lawyers Act (Ch19), s13 Council of Legal Education v David Stewart Awaita [1987] PNGLR 38

"For period of five years at any time"—Constitution, s103(2). For Philip Bouraga v Hugor Berghuser [1987] PNGLR 381

"Fresh elections"—Constitution, s187F SCR No 3 of 1986; Ref by Simbu Provincial Executive [1987] PNGLR 151

"Facts"—Organic Law on National Elections (Ch1), s208(a). SCR No 2 of 1988: Holloway v Aita Ivarato [1988] PNGLR 99

"Fair hearing within a reasonable time"—Construction, s37(3). Public Prosecutor v Lindsay Kivia [1988] PNGLR 256

"Fixing . . . salaries, allowances and benefits"—Constitution, s131. SCR No 3 of 1988; Re Parliamentary Salaries [1988] PNGLR 213

"Freezing". Mt Uriwaka Enterprises Pty Ltd v Baxter [1988] PNGLR 244

"Fresh evidence". Straits Contracting (PNG) Pty Ltd v Branfill Investments Ltd [1988] PNGLR 239

"For the purpose of industry"—Land Ordinance 1911, s40. Fletcher Morobe Construction Pty Ltd v Minister for Lands [1988-89] PNGLR 25

"Fraud or collusion"—Insolvency Act s134. Application of Malipu Bus Balakau [1988-89] PNGLR 210

"For the transport of both passengers and goods"—Customs Act (Ch202). Dolphin Enterprises Pty Ltd v Saun [1990] PNGLR 77

"Fresh evidence"—Supreme Court Act (Ch37), s6(1)(a). Abiari v The State [1990] PNGLR 250

"General principles of humanity"—Constitution. Public Prosecutor v Keru [1985] PNGLR 78

"Giving"—Criminal Yabara v State [1984] PNGLR 378

"Government Body"—constitution. Kofowei v State [1983] PNGLR 449

"Gross Negligence"—Arrest Act. Kofowe v Siviri [1983] PNGLR 449

"Guilty passion". Aeava v Ikupu [1986] PNGLR 65

"Good cause"—Lawyers Act (Ch91), s13. Council of Legal Education v David Stewart Awaita [1987] PNGLR 38

"Granting of relief"—National Court Rules, O16 r4. NTN Pty Ltd v Board of Post and Telecommunication Corporation [1987] PNGLR 70

"General issue"—National Court Rules, O8 r28. Akipa v Lowa [1990] PNGLR 502

"Half sister". State v Aidou [1985] PNGLR 292

"Harsh and oppressive"—Constitution. Gopalan v Uni Transport [1986] PNGLR 101; Raz v Matane [1986] PNGLR 38

"Has nominated"—Elections. Jababa v Okuk [1983] PNGLR 69

"Head of State acting on advice"—Post and Telecommunications Act. Wari v Ramoi [1986] PNGLR 112

"Hindering"—Summary offences. Downes v Maran [1984] PNGLR 162

"Husband". Nou v Vagi [1986] PNGLR 1

"Hold fresh elections and make fresh appointments (if necessary)"—Constitution s187F. SCR No 3 of 1986; Ref by Simbu Provincial Executive [1987] PNGLR 151

"Harsh and oppressive"—Constitution, s41(1). Rose Tarere v Australia and New Zealand Banking Group (PNG) Ltd [1988] PNGLR 201

"Illegal Practices"—Elections. Okuk v Nilkare [1983] PNGLR 28

"Improperly interfering"—Criminal. State v Feama [1978] PNGLR 301

"In any way" Elections. Balakau v Torato [1983] PNGLR 242

"In the official capacity". Farapo v The Commissioner of Police [1996] PNGLR 17

"Incurred in gaining the assessable income" Income Tax. Travelodge v Collector of Taxes [1985] PNGLR 129

"Indecency"—Criminal. State v ToVue [1981] PNGLR 8

"Inherent Power"—Constitution. State v Peters [1984] PNGLR 387

"Inherent Jurisdiction". Avia Aihi v The State [1981] PNGLR 81

"Indemnity"—Motor Vehicles Insurance Kiak v Tora [1986] PNGLR 265

"Intended"—Criminal. State v Pah [1985] PNGLR 188

"Industrial action". B & NZ Exempt Employees v State [1976] PNGLR 67

"Interest of Justice". Kerr v MV Insurance Trust [1977] PNGLR 461

"Intersection or junction". Koimboti v Bibi [1978] PNGLR 124

"Insulting words". Samana v Waki [1984] PNGLR 8

"International obligations". SCR No 2 of 1981 [1982] PNGLR 150

"If necessary"—Constitution, s187F. SCR No 3 of 1986; Ref by Simbu Provincial Executive [1987] PNGLR 151

"Immediate pursuit"—Search Act (Ch341), s5(5) The State v James Bero Popo [1987] PNGLR 286

"Importation"—customs (Prohibited Imports) (Films) Regulations 1973, reg12(1) Carolus Ketsimur v Joe Morerei [1987] PNGLR 325

"In course of employment"—Workers" Compensation Act (Ch179), s54. Re Application of Elgin Koronos [1988] PNGLR 90

"Interest"—Organic Law on the Duties and Responsibilities of Leadership s6. Re Chan [1988] PNGLR 260

"Investigating authority appointed under s19(a)"—Organic Law on Duties and Responsibilities of Leadership (Ch1), s19(2). Chan v Investigating Authority in to the Placer Pacific Limited Share Issue (Makena Geno and Justice Kubulan Los) [1988] PNGLR 43

"Impeding"—Defence Act s53. The State v Albert Ugunnie [1988-89] PNGLR 101

"Integrity"—Constitution, s27(1)(c). Re Kedea Uru [1988-89] PNGLR 226

"Intended to cause grievous bodily harm to the person killed"—Criminal Code s300. The State v Laura (No 1) [1988-89] PNGLR 92

"If it thinks it necessary or expedient in the interests of justice to do so"—Supreme Court Act (Ch37), s8. Abiari v The State [1990] PNGLR 250

"Impose fees"—Mount Hagen Town Authority Act 1989 (Western Highlands), s33. Mount Hagen Town Authority v Steamships Joint Venture Pty Ltd [1990] PNGLR 350

"Improper conduct"—Lawyers Act 1986, s53(1). Toll v Kibi Kara [1990] PNGLR 71

"In accordance with usual practice and procedure of the court in civil cases"—Income Tax Act 1959 [1991] PNGLR 211

"Indemnity" Pupune v Motor Vehicles Insurance (PNG) Trust [1991] PNGLR 353

Industrial dispute"—Industrial Relations Act (Ch174), s25. Steamships Trading Co Ltd v Joel [1991] PNGLR 133

"In civil proceedings"—Forestry (Private Dealings) Act (Ch217), s7(4). Manus Provincial Government v Tarsicius Kasou [1990] PNGLR 395

"Irrevocable rights to re-employment and seniority for two years". National Airline Commission trading as Air Niugini v Lysenko [1990] PNGLR 226

"Industrial proceedings"—Definition of. National Airline Employees" Association of Papua New Guinea v Air Niugini (No 2) [1992] PNGLR 291

"Judicial capacity"—Criminal Code. Robert Kaki Yabara v The State [1984] PNGLR 378

"Judicial Office"—Criminal Code. Roberty Kaki Yabara v The State [1984] PNGLR 378

"Judicial proceeding"—Criminal Code. Robert Kaki Yabara v The State [1984] PNGLR 378

"kuap", "kuapim"—meaning of—Pidgin lingua franca. State v Kindung [1996] PNGLR 355

"Left without means of support"—Deserted wives. Tokom v Tokom [1985] PNGLR 195

"Legitimate expectation. Raz v Matane [1986] PNGLR 38

"Liability of the carrier"—Civil Aviation. Costello v Talair [1985] PNGLR 61

"Liability"—M.V. 3rd party Insurance. Kiak v Tora [1986] PNGLR 265

"Likely—Bail. Kysely v State [1980] PNGLR 36

"Likely"—Summary Offences Samana v Waki [1984] PNGLR 8

"Lineal Descendent"—Incest. State v Kais [1978] PNGLR 241; Wauta v State [1978] PNGLR 326

"Liquidated claim". Dempsey v Project Pacific [1985] PNGLR 93

"Liberty"—Constitution, s42(2). The State v Paro Wampa [1987] PNGLR 120

"Look out". Kuri Willie v The State [1987] PNGLR 298

"Liability incurred"—Motor Vehicles (third Party Insurance) Act (Ch295), s49(2). Motor Vehicles Insurance (PNG) Trust v Reading [1988] PNGLR 236

"Lawful"—Constitution, s42(5). Re Moki Nikints [1988-89] PNGLR 164

"Lawful excuse"—Summary Offences Act s20. Rex Kupu v Demas Doria [1988-89] PNGLR 1

"Liability"—Motor Vehicles (Third Party Insurance) s49(2)(a). Motor Vehicles Insurance (PNG) Trust v Reading [1988-89] PNGLR 608

"Liability"—Motor Vehicles (Third Party Insurance) Act (Ch295), s49(2). Pupune v Motor Vehicles Insurance (PNG) Trust [1991] PNGLR 353

"Leave of the court"—Companies Act (Ch146), s142. Application of Tindiwi [1990] PNGLR 359

"Matrimonial Cause". Freingruber v F [1983] PNGLR 274

"Means and ability—District Court. Bole v Imbeli [1983] PNGLR 128

"Means of support"—Deserted Wives. Tokom v Tokom [1985] PNGLR 195

"Medical Practitioner". SCR 2 of 1984 [1985] PNGLR 247

"Memorandum of Record". Kerr v MVIT [1977] PNGLR 461

"Mafia tactic". Cross v Wess Zuidema [1987] PNGLR 361

"May recover contribution from any other joint tortfeasor"—Wrongs (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act (Ch297), s37(2)(c). Kosi Borngi v Independent State of Papua New Guinea [1987] PNGLR 478

"Mareva" Mt Uriwaka Enterprises Pty Ltd v Baxter [1988] PNGLR 244

"Majority of creditors"—Insolvency Act s134. Application of Malipu Bus Balakau [1988-89] PNGLR 210

"May apply"—Lawyers Act 1986, s9 Application of Karingu [1988-89] PNGLR 276

"Misconduct of any kind"—Corrective Institutions Regulations. Kairi v Commissioner of Correctional Services [1988-89] PNGLR 36

"Mutiny"—Defence Act s53. The State v Albert Ugunnie [1988-89] PNGLR 101

"Make such investigations as it thinks necessary" Forestry (Private Dealings) Act s7. Manus Provincial Government v Tarsicius Kasou [1990] PNGLR 395

"Discharge"—Defence Act—Discharge includes "Dismissal or removal". Nuia, Leo v Benias Sabumei and Others

"Judgment"—Cause of action"—"Forms of action". Lowa v Akipe [1992] PNGLR 399

"Restrict" and "regulate". Application by Imoning et al: Finschhafen Open Electorate [1992] PNGLR 119

"Next elections". SCR No 3 of 1986; Ref by Simbu Provincial Executive [1987] PNGLR 151

"Next following"—Criminal Code (Ch262), s552(4). The State v John Nuki Yamai [1987] PNGLR 314

"No responsibility ..." Finlay v Steamships Trading Co Pty Ltd [1987] PNGLR 238

"Notorious". Carolus Ketsimur v Joe Morerei [1987] PNGLR 325

"Now or later". The State v Paro Wampa [1987] PNGLR 120

"No effect"—Land Act (Ch185), s69(2). Re Luabar Logging Pty Ltd [1988] PNGLR 124

"Nearest relative"—Adultery. Buka v Lenny [1978] PNGLR 510

"Necessaries"—Supplied to ship. Capek v Yach Freja [1980] PNGLR 161

"Necessarily incurred"—Income Tax. Travelodge v Collector of taxes [1985] PNGLR 129

"Necessary to do justice"—Constitution. Kupil v State [1983] PNGLR 350

"Not reasonably justifiable"—Constitution.

Raz v Matane [1986] PNGLR 38

"Notice"—meaning of—No pro forma—Is oral notice given by illiterate person sufficient under Motor Vehicles (Third Party Insurance) Act (Ch295), s54(6). Tendi v MVIT [1996] PNGLR 379

"Notwithstanding"—Constitution. Federal Huron v Ok Tedi [1986] PNGLR 5

"Null and void. Nou v Vagi [1986] PNGLR 1

"Number of Seats in the Assembly". Bilas v Kamindai [1985] PNGLR 20

"Not indebted". Akipa v Lowa [1990] PNGLR 502

"Offence"—Constitution. PEA v PSC [1983] PNGLR 206

"Offenders"—Constitution Komidese v Kuabaal [1985] PNGLR 212

"On or about"—Criminal State v Fineko [1978] PNGLR 262

"Otherwise satisfied". Tuxworth v Eggars [1985] PNGLR 282

"Office"—Organic Law on the Duties and Responsibilities of Leadership, s28. SCR No 2 of 1982; Re Kunangel [1990] PNGLR 1

"On its own initiative"—Constitution, s57(1). Re Conditions at Buimo Corrective Institution [1988-89] PNGLR 266

"Other association"—Constitution, s47. Application of Karingu [1988-89] PNGLR 276

"Offence under this Act"—Commissions of Inquiry Act (Ch31), s13. Edward Ramu Diro v Reeve [1988] PNGLR 155

"Official capacity"—Organic Law on the Duties and Responsibilities of s6. Re Chan [1988] PNGLR 260

"Ombudsman Commission or other authority"—Constitution, s28(1)(f). Chan v Investigating Authority into the Place Pacific Limited Issue (Makena Geno and Justice Kubulan Los) [1988] PNGLR 43

"Person Aggrieved". ELC v Peninsula Hotels [1977] PNGLR 147 Briggs v Bart [1975] PNGLR 431 Ageva v Gaigo [1986] PNGLR 160

"Person convicted". Singgi v State [1985] PNGLR 260

"Person registered"—Medical practitioner. SCR 2 of 84 [1985] PNGLR 247

"Person who contravenes". Jivetuo v State [1984] PNGLR 174

"Persons in custody". State v Turik [1986] PNGLR 138

"Personnel matters"—Constitution. Morobe v State [1984] PNGLR 212

"Pleading". Proves v Siromba Hotels [1982] PNGLR 283

"Position of an elected member". Bilas v Kamindai [1985] PNGLR 20

"Presence—Take part—Inter-group Fighting Act. Wui Wadi v Kembu [1980] PNGLR 7

"Proceedings commenced before". State v Kaliloboa [1986] PNGLR 143

"Proven misconduct". Air Niugini v Lysenko [1986] PNGLR 323

"Public"—Dangerous driving. R v Tango [1975] PNGLR 250

"Public Interest"—Custom. Public Prosecutor v Kerua [1985] PNGLR 85

"Person arrested or detained"—Constitution, s42(2). The State v Peter Moripi [1987] PNGLR 376

"Place of employment"—Employment of Non-citizens Act 1978, s15. Aquip Pty Ltd (Receiver Appointed) v Galo Gastronuevo [1987] PNGLR 491

"Prior to engaging a non-citizen"—Employment of Non-Citizens Act (Ch374), s6. Mugridge v Minister for Labour and Employment [1987] PNGLR 348

"Procedure"—Constitution, s187E(2). Independent State of Papua New Guinea v Philip Kapal [1987] PNGLR 417

Provisionally suspend"—Constitution, s187E(1). Independent State of Papua New Guinea v Philip Kapal [1987] PNGLR 417

"Parties"—Supreme Court Act s14(2). SCR No 3 of 1989; Kitogara Holdings Pty Ltd v NCDIC [1988-89] PNGLR 346

"Permission, agreement or approval of any other person"—Land Disputes Settlement Act s67. Application of Nango Pinzi [1988-89] PNGLR 464

"Person"—Supreme Court Act, s17. SCR No 3 of 1989; Kitogara Holdings Pty Ltd v NCDIC [1988-89] PNGLR 346

"Powers"—Constitution, s37(21). SCR No 2 of 1989; Re Village Courts Act [1988-89] PNGLR 491

"Proceedings commenced before court"—Arrest Act, 10(1). The State v Gawi [1988-89] PNGLR 118

"Process of construction". Application of Karingu [1988-89] PNGLR 276

"Prohibits"—Criminal Code, s52. SCR No 1 of 1989; The State v Patrick Saul [1988-89] PNGLR 337

"Proof of guilt"—Constitution, s37(4)(a). The State v Misari Warun [1988-89] PNGLR 327

"Presumption" of innocence"—Constitution, s37(4)(a). SCR No 2 of 1990; Re Constitution s37(4)(a) and s327, s333 of the Income Tax Act 1959 [1991] PNGLR 211

"Public interest"—"Public welfare". The State v NTN Pty Ltd and NBN Ltd [1992] PNGLR 1

"puspus"—meaning of—Pidgin lingua franca. State v Kindung [1996] PNGLR 355

"Qualifications (if any) lawfully obtained"—Constitution, s48. Application of Karingu [1988-89] PNGLR 276

"Question relating to interpretation on application of Constitution". SCR No 5 of 1985—Joseph Lemuel Raz v Paulius Matane [1985] PNGLR 329

"Quorum for a sitting of the Assembly". Bilas v Kamindai [1985] PNGLR 20

"Rescinded or annulled"—Stamp Duties Act (Ch117), s48. Wek v Collector of Stamp Duties [1991] PNGLR 60

"Reasonable allowance"—Deserted wives. Tokom v Tokom [1985] PNGLR 195

"Reasonable cause"—Deserted wives. Tokom v Tokom [1985] PNGLR 195

"Reasonable opportunity"—Constitution. SCR 2 of 82 [1982] PNGLR 214

"Reasonable justifiable"—Constitution. SCR 2 of 82 [1982] PNGLR 214 SCA 1 of 85 [1985] PNGLR 430

"Recommendation". Morobe v State [1984] PNGLR 212

"Refugee". Pagawa v Mathew [1986] PNGLR 154

"Refuses or neglects". Bole v Imbeli [1983] PNGLR 128

"Raped". Avona v State [1986] PNGLR 148

"Resided in electorate". Masive v Okuk [1984] .390

"Resident or domiciled"—Adoption. Re Child A [1985] PNGLR 121

Return". Masive v Okuk [1985] PNGLR 263

"Review"—Constitution. Balakau v Torato [1983] PNGLR 242

"Right"—constitution. SCR No 1 of 84 [1984] PNGLR 314

"Right or Freedom"—Constitution. Raz v Matane [1985] PNGLR 329

"Regulation"—Community Government Act 1982 (Manus Province, s22, s82). Kisokau Pochapon v Pombuma Community Government [1987] PNGLR 84

Reasonable in all circumstance in which he found himself". The State v Joseph Ampi [1988] PNGLR 116

"Reasonably incidental". Re Application of Elgin Koronos [1988] PNGLR 90

"Retail sale of goods"—Organic Law on Provincial Governments (Ch1), s58. SCR No 1 of 1988; Re Provincial Retail Sales Tax Legislation [1988] PNGLR 225

"Regulation"—Constitution, Sch1.19. SCR No 1 of 1989; The State v Patrick Saul [1988-89] PNGLR 337

"Rights"—Land Ordinance 1962, s4. Fletcher Morobe Construction Pty Ltd v Minister for Lands [1988-89] PNGLR 25

"Seat"—Parliament. Bilas v Kamindai [1985] PNGLR 20

"Seriousness of offence". Isara v Klei [1983] PNGLR 217

"Service". Hartley Computers v Niugini Computers [1982] PNGLR 23

"Shall be protected"—Constitution. State v Evertius [1985] PNGLR 109

"Shall be reduced"—Wrongs Act. Tapie v MVIT [1986] PNGLR 78

"Sister"—Criminal. State v Aidou [1985] PNGLR 292

"Solitary confinement". Amaiu v CIS [1983] PNGLR 87

"Some other person"—Summary offences. Meluk v Oge [1984] PNGLR 410

"Source of information". Kerr v MVIT [1977] PNGLR 46

"Special circumstances"—meaning of. Brinks Pty Ltd v Brinks Inc [1996] PNGLR 75

"Subject" to control of. SCR No 1 of 82 [1982] PNGLR 178

"Subject to Section". SCR No 2 of 82 [1982] PNGLR 214

"Such allowance as considers reasonable for the use of the wife". Tokom v Tokom [1985] PNGLR 195

"Sufficient interest". Olei v Land Court [1984] PNGLR 295

"Sufficient means and ability to pay". Bole v Imbeli [1983] PNGLR 128

"Shall be informed immediately on his arrest of his rights under this subsection"—Constitution, s42(2). The State v Peter Moripi [1987] PNGLR 376

"Signed by authority or proper officer on behalf of the authority"—Supreme Court Rules, O4 r1(e). SCR No 4 of 1987; Re Central Provincial Government [1987] PNGLR 249

"Sufficient cause"—Motor Vehicles (Third Party Insurance) Act (Ch295), s54(6). Rundle v Motor Vehicles Insurance (PNG) Trust [1987] PNGLR 44

"Sufficient cause"—Court's wide discretion—Take into account relevant circumstances—Motor Vehicles (Third Party Insurance) Act (Ch295), s54(6). Pup v MVIT [1996] PNGLR 66

"Sufficient interest"—National Court Rules, O16, r5. Mugridge v Minister for Labour and Employment [1987] PNGLR 348

"Satisfactorily performing all the duties of the higher office"—Public Service General Orders, 6.25. Langford v Independent State of Papua New Guinea [1988-89] PNGLR 439

"Security deposit". National Housing Commission v Queensland Insurance (PNG) Ltd [1988-89] PNGLR 474

"Shall apply"—Lawyers Act 1986, s9(1), (2). Application of Karingu [1988-89] PNGLR 276

"Shipped"—Ilimo Farm Products Pty Ltd v General Accident Fire and Life Assurance Corporation Ltd [1988-89] PNGLR 342

"Special purposes lease"—Land Ordinance 1962, s70. Fletcher Morobe Construction Pty Ltd v Minister for Lands [1988-89] PNGLR 25

"Substantially observed"—Provincial Government (Electoral rovisions) Regulation s82. Rova Maha v Tau Ian Lesa [1988-89] PNGLR 57

"Sufficient interest"—National Court Rules, O16 r3. Valentine v Somare [1988-89] PNGLR 51

"Stolen"—Criminal Code (Ch262), s410. Zimbin David v Yapu David [1988] PNGLR 178

"That income"—Income Tax. Travelodge v Collector of Taxes [1985] PNGLR 129

"To keep in good and tenantable repair". David Lambu v Independent State of Papua New Guinea [1988] PNGLR 121

"To any greater extent"—Criminal. Avona v State [1986] PNGLR 148

"To be"—Constitution. Masive v Okuk [1985] PNGLR 263

"To be brought to his Trial"—Criminal. State v Yasim [1983] PNGLR 111

"To enter into and execute any contract or agreement". State v Keboki [1985] PNGLR 369

"To separate and detain". Amaiu v CIS [1983] PNGLR 87

"Trivial nature of the offence". Nup v Hambuga [1984] PNGLR 206

"Tested". The State v Albert Monja [1987] PNGLR 447

"To be brought to his trial"—Criminal Code (Ch262), s552(2). The State v John Nuki Yamai [1987] PNGLR 314

"Temporary basis"—Public Service General Orders, 6.21. Langford v Independent State of Papua New Guinea [1988-89] PNGLR 439

"Total amount of"—Adultery and Enticement Act 1988, s12(2). O Betty Hosea v Eau Maya [1988-89] PNGLR 382

"Two—thirds absolute majority vote"—Morobe Provincial Constitution, s41. Hagai Joshua v Aron Meya [1988-89] PNGLR 188

"Unimproved value". Steamships v Valuer—General [1984] PNGLR 268

"Video tape or video disc". Carolus Ketsimur v Joe Morerei [1987] PNGLR 325

"Waived". Kavali v Hoihoi [1986] PNGLR 329

"When"—Interpretation. SCR No 3 of 82 [1982] PNGLR 405

"Whichever is the lesser". Avona v State [1986] PNGLR 148

"Wife". Nou v Vagi [1986] PNGLR 1

"Will". Re Sannga (decd); Timereke v Ferrie [1983] PNGLR 142

"Withdrawal of an information". State v Principal Magistrate [1983] PNGLR 43

"Within 40 days after the date of the judgment". Wood v Watkins [1986] PNGLR 88

"Without lawful excuse". Gari v Anton [1984] PNGLR 1; Anskar v Yansuan [1985] PNGLR 1; Loho v Hambindua [1985] PNGLR 286

"Without means of support". Tokom v Tokom [1985] PNGLR 195

"Without proceeding to conviction". Wangiwa v Harangu [1985] PNGLR 205

"Whenever practicable"—Constitution, s42(2). The State v Paro Wampa [1987] PNGLR 120

"When a person is unlawfully assaulted"—Criminal Code (Ch262), s269. The State v Joseph Ampi [1988] PNGLR 116

"With a view to"—Criminal Code s120. The State v Toamara [1988-89] PNGLR 253

"Without reasonable excuse"—Organic Law on the Duties and Responsibilities of Leadership s31. The State v Kathy Ramoi [1988-89] PNGLR 516

"With the consent of the National Court"—District Courts Act s102. The State v Misari Warun [1988-89] PNGLR 327

"Without prejudice"—effect of. Tamase v MVIT (PNG) Trust [1992] PNGLR 244


Home l USP Staff Directory l Maps l Disclaimer & Copyright l Contact Us l Feedback l 
© Copyright 2004 - 2017. All Rights Reserved.
Page last updated: Wednesday, 19 July, 2017
USP Emalus Campus
PMB 9072
Port Vila, Vanuatu
Phone: +678 22748 Fax +678 22633