How people cope with daily hassles as well as under straining circumstances is known to be an important factor in relation to health. Adaptive coping is health protecting whereas maladaptive coping is a health risk, not least in the long run. There is an international interest in adolescence and coping research is one of many areas in mapping their individual risk and protective factors.
Earlier studies on Australian and Icelandic adolescence revealed a five factor model (theory) of coping comprised by two dimensions, where three factors are adaptive (seeking social support, self-care, stoicism/distraction) and two factors maladaptive (rumination and acting out). This two-dimensional theory of coping was confirmed across groups within Australian and Icelandic populations. To examine adolescent coping further in yet other cultures and across Human Development Index categories (as defined by UN), a study was conducted in Fiji, with participating adolescents from all directories. The results from that study confirmed the five factor/two dimensional theory of adolescent coping. These results will be discussed and furthermore how cross- cultural, comparative youth studies may be of help in gradually gaining better and more detailed understanding of human behaviour and thoughts, possibly resulting in intervention procedures and planning for the better of adolescents and societies.