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Vanuatu's Colonial Past: an Archive of Newspaper Clippings from 1883 to Independence

 

Introduction: Timeline of Events

1606

    

European explorer Pedro Fernandez de Quiros leads an expedition to the islands, naming them Terra Austrialis del Espiritu Santo.

1768

Louis Antoine de Bougainville names the islands Les Grandes Cyclades.

1774

British explorer Captain Cook charts the islands, calling them the New Hebrides.

1865

European settlers begin to arrive on the islands.

1878

Agreement between Britain and France respecting the independence of the New Hebrides, January-February 1878

1887

Convention between Britain and France respecting New Hebrides, November 16, 1887

1888

Declaration between Britain and France of the establishment of a Joint Naval Commission, January 1888

 

Anglo-French Government

1906

Britain and France make the country a Condominium, under joint administration. Each power is responsible for its own citizens but indigenous New Hebrideans are looked after by both countries. Non-New Hebrideans choose the country by which they want to be governed. Protocol between Great Britain and France respecting the New Hebrides, February 1906

1922

New Hebrides Order, 1922, annexing protocol between Britain and France respecting New Hebrides, August 6, 1914

1963

The NaGriamel political movement emerges on Espiritu Santo. Followers advocate the return of land to the ni-Vanuatu (indigenous) people and a return to traditional ways.

1971

NaGriamel, anxious that more than 36% of the New Hebrides is now owned by foreign missionaries, planters and traders, petitions the UN to prevent further land sales to non-indigenous people

1975

Joint Regulation No.30 of 1975, Representative Assembly

1977

Representatives of the New Hebrides and the governments of Britain and France agree an independence plan for the islands in 1980 following a referendum and elections.

1978

A measure of self-government introduced.

1979

Exchange of Notes on Independence, October 1979

 

Independence

1980 (June)

Jimmy Stevens, the leader of NaGriamel, declares Espiritu Santo independent of the rest of the New Hebrides, renaming the island the Independent State of Vemarana. Troops from Papua New Guinea, backed by the Australians, put down the insurrection.

1980

New Hebrides Act 1980

1980

New Hebrides Order 1980

1980 (30 July)

New Hebrides attains independence within the Commonwealth under the name of Vanuatu. Father Walter Lini is first prime minister.

1980

Constitution of the Republic of Vanuatu

 


 

Part I: Establishing the Condominium

The New Hebrides
The Times (London), Monday, Jul 09, 1883; pg. 6; Issue 30867; col A    

New Guinea And The New Hebrides.
The Times (London), Wednesday, Jul 25, 1883; pg. 5; Issue 30881; col F

The French And The New Hebrides.
The Times (London), Thursday, Jun 10, 1886; pg. 5; Issue 31782; col C     

New Caledonia and the New Hebrides.
The Times (London), Thursday, Jun 17, 1886; pg. 3; Issue 31788; col E

France And The New Hebrides.
The Times (London), Friday, Jun 18, 1886; pg. 5; Issue 31789; col A
 
The New Hebrides. (FROM OUR CORRESPONDENTS.)
The Times (London), Saturday, Jun 19, 1886; pg. 7; Issue 31790; col A  

The New Hebrides. (FROM OUR CORRESPONDENTS.).
The Times (London), Tuesday, Jul 27, 1886; pg. 5; Issue 31822; col A     

The New Hebrides.
The Times (London), Wednesday, Jul 28, 1886; pg. 5; Issue 31823; col A   

The New Hebrides.
The Times (London), Monday, Aug 09, 1886; pg. 5; Issue 31833; col F     

The New Hebrides. (News)
The Times (London), Tuesday, Sep 28, 1886; pg. 7; Issue 31876; col F

The French In The New Hebrides. (FROM AN OCCASIONAL CORRESPONDENT.).
The Times (London), Wednesday, Oct 12, 1887; pg. 13; Issue 32201; col A

The Suez Canal And New Hebrides Conventions.
The Times (London), Wednesday, Oct 26, 1887; pg. 10; Issue 32213; col D     
    
The Position In The New Hebrides.
The Times (London), Wednesday, Jan 01, 1902; pg. 5; Issue 36653; col C
 
Australia And The New Hebrides. (FROM OUR AUSTRALIAN CORRESPONDENT.).
The Times (London), Thursday, Dec 08, 1904; pg. 4; Issue 37572; col A
    
The New Hebrides. (FROM OUR AUSTRALIAN CORRESPONDENT.).
The Times (London), Saturday, Apr 21, 1906; pg. 6; Issue 38000; col A
    
The New Hebrides Convention. Bitter Criticism In Australia. (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.).
The Times (London), Saturday, Nov 03, 1906; pg. 7; Issue 38168; col C

The New Hebrides.  
The Times (London), Thursday, Nov 08, 1906; pg. 8; Issue 38172; col B    

The New Hebrides Convention is now
Category: Editorials/Leaders
The Times (London), Thursday, Nov 08, 1906; pg. 9; Issue 38172; col E     

The New Hebrides Convention.
The Times (London), Tuesday, Jan 08, 1907; pg. 4; Issue 38224; col A     

Britain And France In The New Hebrides. Opening Of The Joint Court. (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.).
The Times (London), Wednesday, Nov 30, 1910; pg. 5; Issue 39443; col A     

The New Hebrides Condominium. Strong Allegations Of Failure. FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT.
The Times (London), Saturday, Oct 21, 1911; pg. 5; Issue 39722; col F     

British Policy In The New Hebrides. Australian Satisfaction, Commonwealth Consulted. (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENTS.).
The Times (London), Thursday, Feb 26, 1914; pg. 5; Issue 40457; col A     

Future Of New Hebrides Evils Of Dual Control. (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.).
The Times (London), Thursday, May 25, 1922; pg. 9; Issue 43040; col C

Royal Message To New Hebrides Celebrating 50 Years Of Condominium
The Times (London), Monday, Oct 22, 1956; pg. 6; Issue 53668; col D

 


 

Part II: The Path Toward Independence

Anglo-French agreement on New Hebrides
The Times (London), Wednesday, Nov 06, 1974; pg. 5; Issue 59237; col A      

New Hebrides to get independence in May
The Times (London), Friday, Mar 07, 1980; pg. 8; Issue 60569; col D
   
Europeans back revolt in New Hebrides By David Spanier Diplomatic Correspondent.
The Times (London), Saturday, May 31, 1980; pg. 1; Issue 60639; col D

Island rebels receive 24-hour ultimatum From Denis Reinhardt Port Vila, New Hebrides.
The Times (London), Friday, Jun 06, 1980; pg. 8; Issue 60644; col G          
    
Amsterdam foundation aims to create tax havens Azores may follow New Hebrides From Robert Schuil.
The Times (London), Monday, Jun 09, 1980; pg. 5; Issue 60646; col A  

Marines and gendarmes to keep law and order in New Hebrides
The Times (London), Thursday, Jun 12, 1980; pg. 14; Issue 60649; col F

New Hebrides call for troops to quell revolt From Denis Reinhardt.
The Times (London), Saturday, Jun 14, 1980; pg. 7; Issue 60651; col A

French move to stop use of Marines in the New Hebrides (News) From Denis Reinhardt.
The Times (London), Monday, Jun 16, 1980; pg. 1; Issue 60652; col G     
     
New Hebrides peace talks held in Paris
The Times (London), Tuesday, Jun 17, 1980; pg. 1; Issue 60653; col F
From Ian Murray.

French will cooperate over New Hebrides From Ian Murray.
The Times (London), Wednesday, Jun 18, 1980; pg. 8; Issue 60654; col H

Unity talks plan in New Hebrides From Denis Reinhardt.
The Times (London), Thursday, Jun 19, 1980; pg. 8; Issue 60655; col C

New Hebrides Chief Minister plans to visit London for talks (News) From Denis Reinhardt.
The Times (London), Saturday, Jun 21, 1980; pg. 4; Issue 60657; col F

Threat of sanctions held against firms who continue to trade with New Hebrides secessionists From Denis Reinhardt.
The Times (London), Tuesday, Jun 24, 1980; pg. 7; Issue 60659; col A     

Anglo-French mission avoids collapse of New Hebrides talks From Denis Reinhardt.
The Times (London), Wednesday, Jul 02, 1980; pg. 6; Issue 60666; col B    

Decisive meeting in Paris today on New Hebrides
The Times (London), Saturday, Jul 19, 1980; pg. 5; Issue 60681; col D
From Charles Hargrove.

Bored marines look forward to leaving New Hebrides From Denis Reinhardt.
The Times (London), Tuesday, Jul 22, 1980; pg. 6; Issue 60683; col D     

French parachute troops flown in to join Royal Marines in New Hebrides (News) From Charles Hargrove.
The Times (London), Thursday, Jul 24, 1980; pg. 1; Issue 60685; col B

Independence of New Hebrides goes ahead next Wednesday
The Times (London), Friday, Jul 25, 1980; pg. 9; Issue 60686; col A     

Independence for New Hebrides to go ahead as planned tomorrow By David Spanier Diplomatic Correspondent.
The Times (London), Tuesday, Jul 29, 1980; pg. 7; Issue 60689; col D

Vanuatu's independence comes in quiet ceremony (News) From Denis Reinhardt.
The Times (London), Wednesday, Jul 30, 1980; pg. 6; Issue 60690; col G

A Difficult Birth Of Independence (Editorial)
The Times (London), Wednesday, Jul 30, 1980; pg. 15; Issue 60690; col A

 


 

Part IIII: First Steps

Rebels blow up two bridges in Vanuatu (News)
The Times (London), Monday, Aug 04, 1980; pg. 7; Issue 60694; col A

Paris will send envoy to advise French in Vanuatu (News) From Our Own Correspondent.
The Times (London), Wednesday, Aug 06, 1980; pg. 5; Issue 60696; col A

Vanuatu deportation move (News)
The Times (London), Tuesday, Aug 12, 1980; pg. 6; Issue 60701; col A

Vanuatu troop withdrawal arrangements finalized (News) From Our Own Correspondent.
The Times (London), Wednesday, Aug 13, 1980; pg. 5; Issue 60702; col D

Vanuatu considers sending Jimmy Stevens into exile (News)
The Times (London), Wednesday, Sep 03, 1980; pg. 7; Issue 60714; col A

14 years' jail for Vanuatu rebel leader [cont. on page 5] (Law) From Denis Reinhardt.
The Times (London), Saturday, Nov 22, 1980; pg. 1; Issue 60783; col D

Vanuatu orders envoy to leave as break with France threatens (News) From Denis Reinhardt.
The Times (London), Tuesday, Feb 03, 1981; pg. 6; Issue 60842; col G

 


 

Part IV: Relationship with France 1987-1994

L'ENQUÊTE: Les tensions dans le Pacifique sud Nuées d'orage sur le Vanuatu €
Le Monde | 13 Août 1987 | DERON FRANCIS | 1713 mots

Expulsion de l'ambassadeur de France au Vanuatu €
Le Monde | 2 Octobre 1987 | 285 mots

VANUATU : après l'expulsion de l'ambassadeur de France Paris annonce le " réexamen " de sa coopération avec Port-Vila €
Le Monde | 3 Octobre 1987 | 366 mots

Vanuatu Nouvelle expulsion de diplomates français €
Le Monde | 25 Octobre 1987 | 210 mots

VANUATU : appel à la réconciliation avec la France.
Le Monde | 6 Décembre 1987 | 141 mots

En visite à Paris Le ministre des affaires étrangères de Vanuatu souhaite une revitalisation des relations avec la France €
Le Monde | 15 Novembre 1989 | BEER PATRICE DE | 318 mots

VANUATU : vers des " relations diplomatiques normales " avec la France
Le Monde | 19 Novembre 1989 | 83 mots

VANUATU : pour la première fois depuis l'indépendance L'opposition francophone va diriger le pays €
Le Monde | 6 Décembre 1991 | LEPAGE SYLVIE | 420 mots

VANUATU : levée de l'interdiction de séjour de personnes expulsées en 1980.
Le Monde | 2 Janvier 1992 | 83 mots

OCEANIE Vanuatu: rivalités post-coloniales aux antipodes Le premier ministre Maxime Carlot est ballotté par les manoeuvres politiques et le vieux contentieux entre anglophones et francophones€
Le Monde | 21 Avril 1994 | LEPAGE SYLVIE | 809 mots

 

© 2005 Peter Murgatroyd, USP.

Last updated 17 October 2012


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