Tonga Law Reports Contents and Indices - Emalus Campus



Tongan Law Reports Volume 1 (1908-1959) Subject Index

TONGAN LAW REPORTS

cases decided

IN THE SUPREME COURT OF TONGA

1908 – 1959

VOLUME 1

EDITOR:
D.B. HUNTER B.A. LL.B. (Syd.)
Judge of Supreme Court of Tonga

Index

         

Page

ACTION

Action for Debt against Tongans

    H.K. Bennett etc v. Siaosi Maeakafa

22

Limitation of action – Distress Warrant – judgment more than 5 years old – action against Government – Liability of Magistrate

    S. Mataele & Anor. v. The Premier

42

Compensation to relatives of deceased

    S. Tu’akoi v. Premiver & Anor.

48

Prices of Goods & Services Act – Who may prosecute

    Police v. I. Siakumi

49

Prices of Goods & Services Act 1947 – publication in Press News – no publication in Gazette

    Police v. S. Mafi

54

Limitation of Action – not applicable under Section 6 of Probate Act 1915

    I. Tu’ivai v. S. Matangi

67

Claim for money lent – Unregistered agreement – Estoppel – Negligence by solicitor

    N. Brown v. M. Niu

81

ADMINISTRATION

Appointment of administrator – Duties of administrator – Sale of lease – Transmission of property – Power of Court.

    S. Likiliki v. L. Vea

62

Alteration of Letters of Administration by Court – Limitation of Action – Tongan custom

    I. Tu’ivai v. S. Matangi

67

CERTIORARI

Writ of Certiorari available in Tonga

    O.B. Krouse Ltd v. S. Takai

32

CONSTITUTION

Clause 1 – Clause 85 – Suspension of Laws – Retrospective Laws – Powers of Chief Justice

    President & Trustees of Tonga Ma’a Tonga Kautaha

9

Clause 7

    R. v. Viliame Oleni

15

Clause 4, 54 – Retrospective laws

    H.K. Bennett etc. v. Siaosi Maeakafa

22

Clause 4 (ex parte S. H. KOLI & Ors)

33

Clause 6 Marriage performed on Sunday

    F. Cowley v. H. Aholelei

74

Clauses 18, 44, 68

    Tuita v. The Premier & Anor

85

CONTRACT

Immoral consideration – contract unenforceable

    Lyden v. F. Folau

39

Sale of launch – Written agreement unnecessary – Rescission of verbal agreement.

    S. Vaiangina v. P. Kuliha’apai

46

Sale – When does property pass – No written agreement

    S. Wilson v. S. Lino

50

Sale – No written agreement – Goods to be supplied – purchase price paid

    T. Siu v. L. Holahia

56

Lawyers fees – No written agreement – Right to recover

    S. A. Kaho v. T. Akau’ola

91

Delivering Ship – Repairs to ship – No written agreement – Contract unenforceable

    Smith & Anor. v. Sione Fonua & Anor.

59

Sale of goods – meaning of “goods” – Contract Act 1921 s.3 Agreements between Tongans

    M. Huni v. S. Puta

79

COMPANY

Appointment of Investigator – Contract of service – Duties of directors and secretary – Authority of general Manager

    Stringer v. Tonga Ma’a Tonga Kautaha

19

CRIMINAL LAW

Defamation

    R. v. Viliame Oleni

15

Plea “Guilty” – Finding “Not Guilty”

    Police v. Ahokava

16

Cap. 10 ss. 93, 175 – Who may take proceedings – Person aggrieved – Proceedings on behalf of lunatic

    M. Mateialong v. M. Paul

41

Incest – First cousins – Sentence

   R. v. V. Sisi

51

Summons – Variance of offence charged and evidence – Amendment of Summons – Withdrawal of charge

    Police v. S. Logani

55

Conspiracy – Abetment – Cap.10 s.14

    F. Atelea v. A. Mafi & Ors

61

Appeal from Magistrate – English principles – Charge against an Indian

    Police v. S. Vaminrav

72

Summons containing more than one charge – Invalid

    Police v. S. Fifita & Ors

95

Rape – Abduction – Abetment – Principles in the first degree

    Reg. v. Taufa Hema & Ors

96

Hearing charge within 24 hours of service – Plea of guilty – Proceedings squashed

    Re. F. Fotu & Ors

98

Plea of Autre fois convict – principles discussed – Irregularity in first trial

    Police v. T. Kulanoa

104

Interference with course of justice – Cap. 10. s. 64 – Conduct of Counsel

    Re – v. Koloamatangi

113

CUSTODY OF CHILDREN

Illegitimate child – Father’s rights

    Ex parte S. Tu’ipulotu

14

DISTRESS WARRANT

Judgment more than five years old – Limitation of Action

    S. Mataele & Anor v. The Premier

42

DIVORCE

Life Imprisonment – No need for decree s.655 of 1903 Laws

    S. Vaiata v. S. Neaul

4

Adultery – Principles on which damages assessed:

    S. Mataelo v. T. Tonga & F. Mataele

65

    S. Vaivela v. L. Viviani & Takai

93

DOCUMENTS

Clerk to Privy Council subpoenaed to produce – Refusal – Powers of Supreme Court.

   J.B. Watkin & Ors. v. Setaleki Manu & Ors

30

ESTOPPEL

House given as security – Estoppel by conduct

    S. Teu v. T. Fusimalohi & Ors

31

Negligence by solicitor – Unregistered agreement – Claim for money lent

    N. Brown v. M. Niu

81

EVIDENCE

Character of Prosecution – Leave to call evidence of bad character – Indecent assault

    Police v. S. Puta

35

Criminal charge – evidence of accomplice – Nature of corroboration – Order of witnesses

    Police v. S. Losa

57

GOVERNMENT

Claim against – Supreme Court will not hear – Chief Justice part of Government can not act – Syndicate taken over by Government

    In re “Tonga Ma’a Tonga Kautaha”

5

Claim against Government – Premier as defendant – Acquisition of land by Crown – Compensation

    Tuita v. Premier & Anor

85

Wrongful dismissal – Police Officers – Contract of service – Crown’s right to dismiss at will

    (T.S. Tuy’akoi v. Deputy Premier & Anor)

    (Lopeti & Anor v. Akau’ola & Anor)

108

Liability of Crown in tort – trespass to goods

    Lopeti & Anor v. Akau’ola  & Anor

110

Liability of Crown in tort – Arrest

    Sanft v. Minister of Police Ors

117

HORSE

Sale of horse – exchange of horses

    F. Ve’etutu v. S. Vaihola Talo

38

HUSBAND AND WIFE  - See Divorce

Maintenance Order – Desertion – Proof of marriage – Just cause for leaving – Proof of husband’s means.

    F. Motuliki v. L. Motuliki

60

Marriage – Declaration as to Validity of Marriage – Marriage performed on Sunday – Treaty  of Friendship

   F. Cowley v. H. Anolelei

74

Validity of Marriage – No consent by guardian

    T. Finau v. S. Tu’iono & Anor

107

Publication of Retrospective

    H.K. Bernneth  etc.. v. Siaosi Maeakafa

22

Retrospective – powers of Chief Justice

    President & Trustees of ‘Tonga Ma’a Tonga Kautala

9

MAGISTRATE

Amount claimed beyond Magistrate’s jurisdiction – Duty of Magistrate

    T. Palu v. L.T. Palu

53

MANDAMUS

Public Service Examinations – Production of birth certificates

    Ex parte S.H. Kili & Ors

33

Available in Tonga – Duties of Treasurer

    S.P. Afuha’amango v. Minister of Finance

70

POLICE

Wrongful dismissal – police not servants of Premier nor of Minister

    S. Tu’akoi v. The Premier & Anor

45

Assault by police – Liability of Crown

    Sanft v. Minister of Police & Ors

117

POUND

Sale of impounded animal – Irregularities in proceedings – Rights of owner – Refund of amount paid by purchaser

    S. Foni v. Tatofi & Ors

52

PRIVY COUNCIL

Appeal from Supreme Court – Civil Action – Stay of Proceedings

    Morris Hedstrom Ltd v. M. Manu

100

PROBATE

Will – No amplification – Order for payment

    Re H. Warren Watkin Decd

17

Will not revoked by subsequent marriage

    A. Niu & Ors v. L. Fifita

36

Lost will – Letters of Administration revoked – Validity of unfilled will

    M. Tupou & Anor v. Fotu

40

REGISTER OF BIRTHS

Amendment of Register

   (Ex parte Christina)

34

ROADS

Repair of

    F. Moa & S. Tuiaki

1

TAX

Non payment – Exemption certificate – S. 589 of 1903 Laws

    Kaho v. Taholo

3

TORT

Action in Tort in Tonga – Fire – Rule in

    Rylands v. Fletcher

85

Negligence

    T.M. Mataele v. M. Niu

85

Trespass to goods – Liability of Crown in Tort – Master and servant – Registration of motor vehicles

    Lopeti &anor v. Akau’ola & Anor

110

Damage to growing crops – permissive occupancy – Rights of occupier

    S. Latiume v. S. Manu

115

TREATY OF FRIENDSHIP

Advice of British Agent & Consul

    (In Re “Tonga Ma’a Tonga Kautaha”)

5

Claim in Consul’s Court – stay of proceedings

    Cameron v. Tonga Ma’a Tonga Kautaha

18

Article 2, 1879

    H.K. Bennett etc…v. S. Maeakafa

22

Marriage

    F. Cowley v. H. Aholelei

74

 

 

Tonga Law Reports Volume II Table of Cases (1923-1962)

TONGAN LAW REPORTS

VOLUME II

REPORT OF LAND COURT CASES 1923 – 1962

PRIVY COUNCIL DECISIONS 1924 – 1961

EDITOR:
D.B. HUNTER B.A. LL.B. (Syd.)
Judge of Supreme Court of Tonga

CASES REPORTED IN THIS VOLUME

A

         

Page

Afu L. v. Lobas F.

167

Ahokava A. v. Malupo

74, 150

Akaveka S. v. Nuku

78

D

Deputy Minister of Lands v. Moli V.

175

E

Etu L. v. Nuku

116, 161

Etu S. v. Mo’unga K.

198

F

Fatai K. v. Deputy Minister of Lands

172

Finau M. v. Tu’ivakano

13

Finau V. v. Kilifi S.

58

Folau M. v. Folau T.

208

H

Halafihi S. v. Kalaniuvalu

55, 149

Hafo’ou F. v. Fotu A.

60

Hema V. v. Hema F. & Minister of Lands

126

J

Jones J.P. v. Cowley

215

K

Kaianuanu v. Fulivai

128, 178

Kalaniuvalu v. Minister of Lands

40

Katoanga S. M. v. Ofahengaue S.

113

L

Latu T. v. Minister of Lands

93

Lavaka v. Pahulu M.M.

109

Liku T. v. Tu’iha’angana H.

66

M

Ma’afu V. v. Minister of Lands

119

Ma’asi E. v. Akau’ola & Deputy Minister of Lands

107

Maka K. v. Minister of Lands & Asipa V.

155

Malamala S. v. Malamala s. H. & Deputy Minister of Lands

169

Malupo L. v. Havili S.

30

Manatau V. v. Motu’apuaka

86

Matcitalo L. v. Naufahu

93

Manakotau F. v. Vaha’i

121

Minister of Lands v. Kamoto M.

132

Minister of Lands v. Tuita

203

Moala M. v. Tu’i’afitu & Halalilo F.

104, 153

Motu’apuaka T. v. Vaha’i S.

6

Moeaki I. v. Fakafanua

26

N

Ngahe S. v. Luani

171

Namoa V. v. Vaha’i

22

Nuku & Latu v. Anitema T.

91

O

Olie V. S. v. Valu & Ors

193

P

Pafua S. v. Motu’apuaka

83

Pangia S. v. Kalaniuvalu

32

Penisimani P. v. Deputy Minister of Lands

47

Pohahau S. v. Fuka L.

191

Premier & Minister of Lands v. Tuita

187

S

Sanft v. Minister of Police & Ors

211

Small v. Vete H.

219

Sandys R. & Ors v. Otukolo N.

200

T

Taufeulungaki L. v. Panuve S.

70

To’ofohe M. v. Minister of Lands & Afeaki P.

157

Tokotaha F. v. Minister of Lands & Vea S.

99, 159

Tonga S. v. Minister of Lands

96

Tu’akoi & Ors v. Deputy Premier & Anor.

196

Tu’iono L. v. Finau P.

206

Tu’iono M. v. Deputy Minister of Lands

56

Tu’iono P. v. Tulua P.

36

Tuita v. Minister of Lands

18

Tu’ipulotu A. v. Deputy Minister of Lands & Veikoso S. P.

102, 151

Tu’ipulotu S. v. Kavaonuku I.

143

Tungi v. Minister of Lands

38

Tupou M. v. Taumoepeau S.

186

Tu’uhetoka v. Malungahu P.

53

U

Uluilakepa T. v. Fulivai

10

V

Vaea v. Pale E.

45

Vailala S. v. Latu F.L.

163

Veikoso S.P. v. Tu’ipulotu A.

151

Vete H. v. Tu’itupou L.

210

Vunipola L. v. Minister of Lands

130

Vunipola L. v. Minister of Lands & Anor.

130

Vaisima H. v. Vaca L.

63

W

Watkins & Ors v. Manu & Ors

8, 136

 

 

Tonga Law Reports Volume II Subject Index (1923-1962)

TONGAN LAW REPORTS

VOLUME II

REPORT OF LAND COURT CASES 1923 – 1962

PRIVY COUNCIL DECISIONS 1924 – 1961

EDITOR:
D.B. HUNTER B.A. LL.B. (Syd.)
Judge of Supreme Court of Tonga

Index

         

Page

ACTION

Application to Supreme Court for:

(1) an audit of Churchs’ books, granted and

(2) dismissal of the President, refused:

    Fotu & Ors. v. Fonua

216

Tort, claim against the Government in:

    Sanft v. Minister of Police & Ors.

211

Assault – no necessity for prior police prosecution Quantum of damages:

    Small v. Vete

219

ALLOTMENTS

Subsequent grant of Town allotment previously given by Noble’s predecessor – Land registered – First grant prevails – Title of Registered holder paramount:

    Malupo v. Havili

30

Grant of Town allotment without Minister’s approval invalid:

    Tu’iono v. Tulua

36

Subdivision of allotment in excess of statutory area:

    Taufeulungaki v. Panuve

70

Widow’s life estate – allegation of adultery – Claim must be bona fide:

    Vaea v. Pael

45

Adultery of widow – steps to be taken:

    Taufculungaki v. Panuve 

70

Town allotment – Evidence of title – Presumption of genuiness of documents – Costs against Minister:

    Peliatisi v. Deputy Minister of Lands

47

Registration of Town allotment before 1927 unnecessary – grant without Tofi’a holder’s consent in valid:

    Tu’uhetoka v. Malungahu

53

Direction by Minister that allotments of only 5 acres be granted in Ha’apai:

    Tu’iono v. Deputy Minister of Lands

56

Subdivision of allotments in excess of statutory area – Who is entitled to a lease:

    Finau v. Kalifi

58

Simultaneous applications – To whom should grant be made:

    Hafo’ou v. Fotu

60

Surrender of allotment – Half brother of same mother but a different father not a “brother” within the meaning of S.75 of Land Act:

    Vaisima v. Vaea

64

Notice of claim by heir – Affidavit not necessary:

    Latu v. Minister of Lands

93

    Vunipola v. Minister of Lands

130

Subdivision of allotment in excess of statutory area:  No notice to holder:

    Mateitalo v. Naufahu

95

Devolution of allotments – Election by heirs – Claim to be lodged within 12 months – Tongan custom – Estoppel:

    Tonga v. Minister of Lands

96

Registration – Deed of Grant – Entry on Plan – verbal application :

    Tokotaha v. Minister of Lands

99, 159

Simultaneous applications – Minister’s discretion – Decision by throwing dice:

    Tu’ipulotu v. Deputy Minister of Lands

102, 151

Registration not only test of ownership – Widow’s life estate – Husband died 1931 – Notice by widow not required:

    Moala v. Tu’iavitu

104, 153

Entries in Register conclusive except for fraud or mistake:

    Ma’asi v. Akau’ola & Deputy Minister of Lands

107

Widow’s allotment – Proof of adultery – Limitation of action:

    Lavaka v. Pahulu

109

Registration of allotments – Minister’s discretion Disagreement between Judge & Assessor:

    Maka v. Minister of Lands

111

Subdivision – no written notice to holder – Tongan Custom – Court not bound by technicalities:

    Katoanga v. Ofahengaue

113

Devolution of allotments – Election by sons and grandsons :

    Ma’afu v. Minister of Land

119

Grant of town allotment by Estate holder before 1927 – Grant by Minister not necessary:

    Manakotau v. Vaha’i

121

Registration of tax allotment – Mistake in the Register altered by the Court:

    V. Hema v. F. Hema & Minister of Lands

126

Town allotment – Unregistered holder before 1927 – Registration not essential – Minister has no power to order subdivision of town allotments – Reopening case for further legal argument:

    Minister of Lands v. Kamoto

132

Grant of allotment by Minister not to be set a side unless grant made on wrong principles:

    To’ofohe v. Minister of Lands

157

Estate holder signed both Plaintiff’s and Defendant’s application – What Minister should consider in granting applications:

    Afu v. Lebas

167

Widow must lodge claim within twelve months from husband’s death:

    S. Malamala v. S.H. Malamala & Deputy Minister of Lands

169

Right of election applies only to sons & grandsons irrespective of date of registration:

    Fatai v. Deputy Minister of Lands

172

Lost Deed of Grant – affidavit under S.101 of Cap.43 – not necessary to file affidavit within twelve months – Legitimacy of birth during marriage of parents conclusive in absence of evidence of non-access:

    Deputy Minister of Lands & Fifita v. Moli

175

ADMINISTRATION OF ESTATES

Possession evidence of ownership:

    Sandys v. Otukolo

200

APPEAL

Grounds of appeal must be set out in notice of appeal:

    Vailala v. Latu

165

    Tui’one v. Finau

205

Procedure to be adopted on death of appellant before hearing:

    Ngahe v. Luani

171

No right of appeal from Supreme Court sitting in appeal from Magistrate:

    Vete v. Tu’itupou

210

CHURCH LANDS

Amalgamation of churches – ownership of lands:

    Watkins v. Manu

8, 136

CONTRACTS

Agreement registered by leave of Judge seven months after execution, good:

    Tui’one v. Finau

206

Agreement not registered – registration unnecessary:

    Etu v. Mo’unga

198

Calling attesting witness

    Pohahau v. Fuka

191

Estoppel by conduct

    Jones v. Cowley

215

DIVORCE

Deserting party entitled to present petition for dissolution on ground of five years separation.

    Tipou v. Taumoepeau

186

EVACUATION ACT 1947

Compensation for interference with business

    Premier & Ors v. Tuita

187

HUSBAND & WIFE

Joint property

    M. Folau v. T. Folau

208

LAND COMMISSION 1917

Findings invalid

    Kalaniuvalu v. Minister of Lands

40

LEASES

Leases are personal property

    Pangia v. Kalaniuvalu

32

Rents can be bequeathed by will

    Taufe’ulungaki v. Panuve

70

LIMITATION OF ACTION

Limitation section (S.147) applies to Nobles

    Etu v. Nuku

116, 161

When time starts to run

    Halafihi v. Kalaniuvalu

55, 149

TAXATION OF COSTS

Taxation impossible without scale of costs

    Minister of Lands & Anor. v. Tuita

203

TITLES OF NOBLES

Claim may be brought in Supreme Court:

    Etu v. Nuku

116, 161

LAW OF SUCCESSION

Right of Land Court to deal with Nobles’ titles

    Uluilakepa v. Fulivai

10

TOFTA

Claim to Tofi’a – Law of Succession – Legitimacy – The Constitution:

    Finau v. Tu’ivakano

13

Tracing an inheritance – 1875 the starting point – Full blood referred to half blood.

    Ahokava v. Malupo

74, 150

Grant of land to Noble invalid without concurrence of Privy Council

    Tuita v. Minister of Lands

18

Claim to Tofi’a – Tongan custom – marriage before 1875 – King bound by Constitution

    Namoa v. Vaha’i

22

What must be proved – Illegitimacy – Tongan marriages – Tongan custom

    Moeaki v. Fakafanua

26

What is meant by “next male heir” in S.41 Cap. 27 (1928 Laws)

    Liku v. Ha’angana

66

“Legitimate male issue” – Land Court bound by Privy Council decisions

    Akaveka v. Nuku

78

Claim to title – adopted son – Tongan custom – Advice of Assessor

    Pafua v. Motu’apuaka

83

Claim to title: King’s presence unnecessary at appointment – Letter of appointment – Tongan customs

    Manatau v. Motu’apuaka

86

Hereditary titles – adopted sons – Inheritance to be traced from prior to grant of H.M. Tupou I – 1935 Amendment to Clause 107 of Constitution does not have retrospective operation

    Kaianuanu v. Fulivai

128, 178

Titles to be traced from grant by H.M. Tupou I – Limitation of action applies to Nobles

    Tu’ipulotu v. Kavaonuku

143

    Ahokava v. Malupo

150

Tofi’a regularly granted by H.M. Tupou I cannot be altered at whim of succeeding sovereign

    Motu’apuaka v. Vaha’i

6

WOMEN’S SOCIETY

Claim by members of society for the return of moneys contributed by them for the erection of a Society house

    Olie v. Valu & Ors.

193

WRONGFUL DISMISSAL

Claim against Deputy Premier & Acting Minister of Police by two policemen for wrongful dismissal

    Tu’akoi & Anor. v. Deputy Premier & Anor.

196

 

 

Tonga Law Reports Table of Cases (1974-1980)

TONGA LAW REPORTS

1974 – 1980

EDITORS:

Professor Don Paterson
Department of Law
University of the South Pacific

 Hon. Mr Justice Nigel Hampton
Chief Justice of Tonga

INDEX OF CASES REPORTED

 

         

Page

A

Afeaki v. Prime Minister and Salakielu

22

Anders v. Police Department

60

F

Fakatava v. Koloamatangi and Fakatava

15

Fakatava and Fakatava v. Kaloamatangi and Minister of Lands

16

Falepapalangi v. Tatofi

62

Fifita v. Minister of Lands and Fakafanua

1

Fonua v. Fiekaipuaka and Minister of Lands

31

H

Hausia v. Vaka’uta and Minister of Lands

58

Havea v. Tui’afitu, Kava and Minister of Lands

55

I

Ilavalu v. Minister of Lands

29

K

Kalanivalu v. Government of Tonga and Minister of Lands

5

Kingdom of Tonga and Editor of the Chronicle v. Mataele

34

M

Mahe v. Tatafu, Deputy Minister of Lands and Motu’apuaka

20

Market Authority v. Mataele

103

Minister of Lands, Fotu Ma’u and Pohiva v. Ngahe

40

Minister of Lands and Kalanivalu v. Tekiteki

8

Minister of Lands, Tupou and Vakasiuola v. Vakasiuola

78

Ministry of Lands v. Kulitapa

101

Moa and Moa v. Moa

87

P

Pulu v. Bloomfield

105

T

Taiala v. Kafalava

43

Tangitau v. Paunga

92

Teta Co. Ltd v. Finau, Finau and Minister of Lands

64

To’a v. Veikune

107

Tonga Government and Minister of Lands v. Fakafanua

46

Tu’ifua v. Tui and Ors

99

Tu’inukuafe v. Minister of Lands and Government of Tonga

53

Tukino and Haukinima v. Minister of Lands and Tonga

74

Tukuafu v. Kongaika and Tafea

10

U

Ualesi v. Tukutoa and Ngalu

83

V

Vaea v. Minister of Lands and Fetu’ufuka

13

Vaka’uta v. Vaka’uta and Minister of Lands

26

 

 

Tonga Law Reports Subject Index (1974-1980)

TONGA LAW REPORTS

1974 – 1980

EDITORS:

Professor Don Paterson
Department of Law
University of the South Pacific

Hon. Mr Justice Nigel Hampton
Chief Justice of Tonga

INDEX OF SUBJECT MATTER

         

Page

APPEAL

Decision on matters of fact – principles to be applied by appellate court

    Tangitau v. Paunga

92

Decision on matters of fact – should be reversed and case remitted for re-hearing if court has wrongly refused to admit evidence

    To’oa v. Velkuna

107

Decision as to award of damages – principles to be applied by appellate court

    Tangitau v. Paunga

92

Stay of execution pending appeal in cases for possession of land should not be granted if appellant has other accommodation to move to and case has gone on for long time.

    Pulu v. Bloomfield

105

CONTRACT

Contract Act does not prevent proceedings for conversion of assets of partnership created by oral agreement.

    Tangitau v. Paunga

92

Oral agreement for occupation of land is contrary to s.13 Land Act and illegal, and will not be enforced by the courts

    Fakatava and Fakatava v. Koloamatangi and Minister of Lands

16

Release of person from liability under contract must be supported by consideration unless it operates as promissory estoppel

    Tangitau v. Paunga

92

CRIMINAL LAW

Drug offences – principles of sentencing

    Anders v. Police Department

60

DEFAMATION

Fair comment – must be statement of opinion not of fact – facts on which comment is based must be indicated.

    Kingdom of Tonga and Editor of the Chronicle v. Matacle Innuendo must be pleaded

34

    Kingdom of Tonga and Editor of the Chronicle v. Mataele

34

DIVORCE

Damages for adultery – modest not punitive

    Ualesi v. Tukutoa and Ngalu

83

Division of property upon divorce – principles to be applied

    Ualesi v. Tukutoa and Ngalu

83

Proof of adultery – must be proved beyond reasonable doubt

    Ualesi v. Tukutoa and Ngalu

83

ELECTION

Elections not to be held invalid unless not substantially in accordance with law

    Afeaki v. Prime Minister and Salakielu

22

Election Appeal Committee established under Legislative Assembly Act does not have jurisdiction to deal with claims as to invalidity of elections

    Afeaki v. Prime Minister and Salakielu

22

ESTOPPEL

Holder of allotment who allows person to occupy and erect a building on his land is estopped from evicting the occupier from possession

    Fakatava v. Koloamatangi and Fakatava

15

EVIDENCE

Evidence rejected as hearsay was admissible

    To’a v. Veikune

107

LAND

Agreement by Government to grant inheritable estate to noble not proved.

    Kalanivalu v. Government of Tonga and Minister of Lands

5

Allotment in excess of area permitted by Land Act valid if made prior to commencement of the Act

    Minister of Lands and Kalanivalu v. Tekiteki

8

Allotment is excess of area permitted by Land Act void as to excess only.

    Fifita v. Minister of Lands and Fakafanua

1

Allotment of land can only be made to a person who is a Tongan citizen

    Ministry of Lands v. Kulitapa

101

Application for grant of allotment not to be determined solely by date of application

    Vaea v. Minister of Lands and Fetu’ufuka

13

Claim to allotment barred by statutory time limitation, even although claimant unaware of grounds for claim

    Vaka’uta v. Vaka’uta and Minister of Lands

26

Claim to allotment must be supported by evidence of grant and registration – registration alone not sufficient

    Vaka’uta v. Vaka’uta and Minister of Lands

26

Decision by the King in Council with regard to Crown land conclusive

    Tonga Government and Minister of Lands v. Fakafanua

46

Decision of Land Court on matters of fact should be reversed and case remitted for re-hearing if Court has wrongly refused to admit evidence

    To’a v. Veikuno

107

Determination as to whether or not land is Crown land to be made by Land Court

        Tonga Government and Minister of Lands v. Fakafanua

46

Estoppel is a defence to claim for possession

    Fakatava v. Koloamatangi and Fakatava

15

Exchange of allotments – decision of Cabinet as to exchange of allotments is final and not justiciable by the courts except in case of fraud

    Fonua v. Fiekaipuaka and Minister of Lands

31

Expiry of lease – no right of lessee to receive renewal

    Tukino and Haukinima v. Minister of Lands and Tonga

74

Grant of allotment cannot be made out of royal estate

    Vaea v. Minister of Lands and Fetu’ufuka

13

Grant of allotment must be in accordance with promises of estate holder and Governor

    Mahe v. Tatafu, Deputy Minister of Lands and Motu’apuaka

20

Grant of allotment not invalid if grantee was not resident in the estate in which the allotment was granted

    Havea v. Tu’i’afitu, Kava and Minister of Lands

55

Grand of second allotment is void unless grantee succeeds to second allotment as son or grandson of deceased holder, in which case he can elect which allotment to hold

    Minister of Lands, Fotu, Ma’u and Pohiva v. Ngahe

40

Limitation of proceedings – proceedings for possession cannot be brought if occupiers have been in adverse possession for more than 10 years

    Tu’ifua v. Tui and Ors

99

Oral agreement for the occupation of land is unlawful and will not be enforced

    Fakatava and Fakatava v. Koloamatangi and Minister of Lands

16

Oral grant of allotment prior to 23 August 1927 valid

    Minister of Lands and Kalanivalu v. Tekiteki

8

Permit – when permit expires, grantee must give up possession of land notwithstanding age of grantee or improvements added to land by grantee

    Tu’inukuafe v. Minister of Lands and Tonga Government

53

Posthumous registration at request of widow valid

    Moa and Moa v. Moa

87

Registration – effect of registration – registered transfer of land conveys good title notwithstanding existence of trust

    Teta Co Ltd. v. Finau, Finau and Minister of Lands

64

Person permitted to occupy land cannot challenge the title of the person who permitted him to occupy the land

    Pulu v. Bloomfield

105

Person permitted to occupy land without a lease is only a licensee and can be required to move upon reasonable notice

    Pulu v. Bloomfield

105

Proceedings for the recovery of land, even though not an allotment or estate, must be brought in the Land Court not the Supreme Court

    Market Authority v. Mataele

103

Registration not sufficient by itself to prove title to allotment

    Vaka’uta v. Vaka’uta and Minister of Lands

26

Registration of verbal grant prior to 23 August 1927 valid

    Minister of Lands and Kalanivalu v. Tekiteki

8

Renewal of lease – no right of renewal where lease provides that lease is renewable if the lessor shall be willing to again lease the land, but the lessor is not willing to do so.

    Kalanivalu v. Government of Tonga and Minister of Lands

5

Right of son or grandson of deceased holder of allotment who is already the holder of an allotment to elect which to hold

    Minister of Lands, Fotu, Ma’u and Pohiva v. Ngahe

40

Right of successor to succeed to full area of allotment

    Mahe v. Tatafu, Deputy Minister of Lands and Motu’apuaka

20

Setting aside by court of grant of allotment – principles applicable

    Hausia v. Vaka’uta and Minister of Lands

58

    Havea v. Tu’i’afitu, Kava and Minister of Lands

55

Subdivision of allotment – can only be made in favour of certain member of family i.e. sons, grandson, brothers, nephews

    Taiala v. Kafalava

43

Subdivision of excessive allotment – statutory requirements as to written notice directory not mandatory so that failure to comply does not invalidate subdivision

    Minister of Lands, Tupou and Vakasiuola v. Vakasiuola

78

LEASE

Expiry – Land Act provides no right of renewal to lessee

    Tukino and Haukinima v. Minister of Lands and Tonga

74

Renewal – no right of lessee to renewal if lease provides that lease is renewable if the lessor shall be willing to again lease the land but lessor is not willing to do so.

    Kalanivalu v. Government of Tonga and Minister of Lands

5

    Tukino and Haukinima v. Minister of Lands and Tonga

74

LIMITATION OF ACTIONS

Claim to allotment statute barred even although claimant unaware of grounds for claim.

    Vaka’uta v. Vakas’uta and Minister of Lands

26

Proceedings for recovery of possession of land cannot be brought if occupiers have been in adverse possession for more than 10 years

    Tu’ifua v. Tui

99

Time runs from grant of letters of administration in respect of fraudulent inclusion of property within estate of deceased

    Tukuafu v. Kongaika and Tafea

10

Time limitation provisions only bar proceedings to enforce claim, but do not extinguish title

    Ilavalu v. Minister of Lands

29

PROBATE AND ADMINISTRATION

Effect of deed of settlement upon administration of estate

    Teta Co. Ltd. v. Finau, Finau, and Minister of Lands

64

Limitation period runs from date of grant of letters of administration

    Tukuafu v. Kongaika and Tafea

10

PRACTICE

Proceedings in Supreme Court should be commenced by writ of summons

    Market Authority v. Mataele

103

REGISTRATION

Effect of registration of land – registered proprietor can transfer good title regardless of trusts

    Teta Co. Ltd. v. Finau, Finau and Minister of Lands

64

Posthumous registration at request of widow valid

    Moa and Moa v. Moa

87

SENTENCING

Drug offence – principles applicable

    Anders v. Police Department

60

STATUTES

Interpretation – statutes should be interpreted to give effect to the purpose of the legislation

    Fonua v. Fiekaipuaka and Minister of Lands

31

Interpretation – statutory requirements as to written notice before subdivision of allotment held to be directory not mandatory so that failure to comply with them did not invalidate subdivision

    Minister of Lands, Tupou and Vakasiuola v. Vakasiuola

78

Interpretation – statutes should be interpreted so as to avoid manifest injustice and unreasonableness and give effect to purpose of statute

    Fifita v. Minister of Lands and Fakafanua

1

SUPREME COURT

Jurisdiction – Supreme Court has jurisdiction to deal with claims as to the invalidity of elections to the Legislative Assembly

    Afeaki v. Prime Minister and Salakielu

22

Jurisdiction – Supreme Court has no jurisdiction to deal with any dispute about possession to land

    Market Authority v. Mataele

103

 

 

Tonga Law Reports Table of Cases (1981-1988)

TONGA LAW REPORTS

1981 – 1988

EDITORS:

Professors DON PATERSON
Department of Law, University of the South Pacific

Hon. Mr Justice Nigel Hampton
(Chief Justice of Tonga)

INDEX OF CASES REPORTED

         

Page

F

Fifita v. Minister of Lands and Huahulu

65

Fosita v. Tu’ineau, Hon Fielakepa, Minister of Lands

105

Fotofili v. Fua

101

G

Gabrielli v. Halsie, Mayer and Mataele

40

K

Kafusi v. Taunaholo

70

L

Latu and Ors v. Fonua and Ors

53

Latu v. Moala, Kalanivalu and Minister of Lands

134

M

McGregor Consultant and Management Services Ltd v. Kama

90

Minister of Lands, Ilavalu and Halaevalu v. Ilavalu and Ilavalu

1

Motuliki v. Namoa, Motuliki and Minister of Lands

141

Muller v. Muller

107

N

Nuku v. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints and Minister of Lands

78

O

Ofa-ki-Mala’e’aloa v. Fiula

111

Ongosia v. Tu’inukuafe and Minister of Lands

113

O G Sanft Ltd v. Tonga v. Tonga Tourist and Development Co. Ltd.

17

O G Sanft Ltd & Sons v. Tonga Tourist and Development Co. Ltd., Hamilton and Minister of Lands

26

P

Pelesikoti, Minister of Police and Government of Tonga v. Tavako

74

Pohahau and Tauelangi v. Kinikini

116

Police Department v. Trumer

43

Polynesian Airlines Ltd. v. Moin

61

Ponitini v. Fale, Kalanivalu-Fotofili, Minister of Lands

97

R

Reef Shipping Co. Ltd. v. Prime Minister of Tonga

7

Roberts v. Bank of British Columbia

119

S

Soakai v. Taulua, Minister of Police and Government of Tonga

46

T

Tangimana v. Makoni

121

Tauelangi and Minister of Lands v. Tauelangi

123

Taufa v. Vilingia, Tupouto’a and Minister of Lands

85

Teta Ltd. v. Ullrich Exports Ltd.

127

V

Vea and Fotofili v. Finau

131

Veikune v. Toa

138

 

 

Tonga Law Reports Subject Index (1981-1988)

TONGA LAW REPORTS

1981 – 1988

EDITORS:

Professors DON PATERSON
Department of Law, University of the South Pacific

Hon. Mr Justice Nigel Hampton
(Chief Justice of Tonga)

INDEX OF SUBJECT MATTER

         

Page

ADMIRALTY ACTION

Owner may arrest own vessel

    McGregor Consultant and Management Services Ltd. v. Kama

90

AGENCY

Shipping company – not an agent of the Government although its contractual obligations were guaranteed by the Government

    Reef Shipping Co. Ltd. v. Prime Minister of Tonga

7

APPEAL

Assessment of credibility of witnesses – not to be reversed by appellate court

    Pohahau and Tauelangi v. Kinikini

116

Discretion of court appealed from – not to be reversed unless exercised on wrong principles or on irrelevant considerations or failure to consider relevant consideration

    Pohahau and Tauelangi v. Kinikini

116

ARMS AND AMMUNITION

Importation – what constitutes importation of arms

    Police Department v. Trumer

43

Concealment of arms – what constitutes concealment of arms

    Police Department v. Trumer

43

ASSOCIATIONS

Companies – see separate listing

Voluntary association – breaches of rules – adultery not necessarily a disqualification for office of President of a religious association

    Latu and Ors v. Fonua and Ors

53

Rule of voluntary association authorising expulsion of member seeking to investigate offers of association contrary to natural justice and of no effect

    Latu and ors v. Fonua and Ors

53

BAILMENT

Duty of care of bailee – onus of proof on bailee to show that duty of care complied with

    Polynesian Airlines Ltd. v. Moin

61

CIVIL LAW ACT

Application in Tonga of English statutes:  Guardianship of Minors Act 1971, England

    Muller v. Muller

107

Judicature Act 1875, England

    Roberts v. Bank of British Columbia

119

Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1934, England

    Teta Ltd. v. Ullrich Exports Ltd

127

Rules of Supreme Court of Judicature, England

    Roberts v. Bank of British Columbia

119

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Interrogatories – jurisdiction of Supreme Court to issue

    Roberts v. Bank of British Columbia

119

Judgment – interest on amount claimed may be awarded

    Teta Ltd. v. Ullrich Exports Ltd

127

COMPANY

Liquidation – proof of debt – where there is a voluminous mass of evidence it is correct for a court to adopt a broad overall approach to the assessment of evidence

    O G Sanft Ltd. v. Tonga Tourist and Development Co. Ltd.

17

CONFLICT OF LAWS

Court entitled to assume that law of Tonga is the same as that of a foreign country unless the contrary is proved

    McGregor Consultant and Management Services Ltd v. Kama

90

Matters of evidence and procedure to be determined by lex fori

    McGregor Consultant and Management Services Ltd. v. Kama

90

CONSTITUTION

Clause 111 – not inconsistent with s.76 (e) Land Act

    Fifita v. Minister of Lands and Huahulu

65

CONTRACTS

Arrears of rent owing under contract must be specifically pleased as special damages

    McGregor Consultant and Management Services Ltd. v. Kama

90

Contract Act not applicable to contract made by company incorporated in Tonga

    O G Sanft Ltd v. Tonga Tourist Development Co. Ltd

17

    Teta Ltd. v. Ullrich Exports Ltd.

127

Contract not applicable to contract made between parties who are not Tongans

    Gabrielli v. Halsie, Mayer and Mataele

40

Deed of guarantee of obligations under a contract did not include arbitration award

    Reef Shipping Co. Ltd. v. Prime Minister of Tonga

7

Deed of guarantee of obligation under a contract does not extend to the contract which have not been consented to by the guarantor.

    Reef Shipping Co. Ltd. v. Prime Minister of Tonga

7

Party to contract alleging that other party intended to repudiate the contract must produce corroborating evidence

    Gabrielli v. Halsie, Mayor and Mataolo

40

CUSTODY OF CHILDREN

Principles applicable upon divorce of parents

    Muller v. Muller

107

DIVORCE

Discretion of court to refuse decree not to be reversed on appeal unless exercised on wrong principles

    Pohahau and Tauelangi v. Kinikini

116

Discretion of court to refuse decree should be exercised in favour of petitioner where marriage has clearly ended

    Tangimana v. Makoni

121

Separation for 5 years or more – only available as ground for divorce if both parties lack intention to resume cohabitation

    Ofa-ki-Mala’e’aloa v. Fiula

111

EQUITY

Principles of equity to be applied by Land Court where not inconsistent with Constitution or statute

    O G Sanft and Sons v. Tonga Tourist and Development Co. Ltd., Hamilton and Minister of Lands

26

ESTOPPEL

Failure of predecessors in title to challenge unlawful reduction of allotment does not bind persons entitled to succeed

    Minister of Lands, Ilavalu and Halaevalu v. Ilavalu and Ilavalu

1

EVIDENCE

Inadmissible evidence – if a party considers evidence is inadmissible that party should make objection and obtain a ruling from the court which can, if necessary, be reviewed on appeal

    O G Sanft Ltd v. Tonga Tourist and Development Co. Ltd.

17

GUARANTEE

Deed of guarantee of performance of obligations under contract does not include arbitration award

    Reef Shipping Co. Ltd. v. Prime Minister of Tonga

7

Deed of guarantee of performance of obligations under contract does not extend to include obligations arising under subsequent material variations to the contract which have not been consented to by the guarantor

    Reef Shipping Co. Ltd. v. Prime Minister of Tonga

7

IMPORT

Firearms – what constitutes importation of firearms

    Police Department v. Trumer

43

INTERROGATORIES

Jurisdiction of Supreme Court to issue

     Roberts v. Bank of British Columbia

119

JUDGMENT

Interest on amount claimed may be awarded

    Teta Ltd. v. Ullrich Exports Ltd

127

Privy Council not bound by its own decisions

    Ponitini v. Fale, Kalanivalu – Fotofili, Minister of Lands

97

LAND

Allotment holder estopped from evicting person in occupation by reason of promise made by previous holder

    Veikuna v. Toa

138

Application for grant – must be considered by Minister

    Taufa v. Vilingia, Tupouto’a and Minister of Lands

85

Application for grant – not required to be made to Minister personally

    Tauelangi and Minister of Lands v. Tauelangi

123

Application for succession if made later than 12 months after death of previous holder should not be considered

    Taufa v. Vilingia, Tupouto’a and Minister of Lands

85

Cancellation of grant by Minister on the ground of Minister’s lack of awareness of true facts

    Fosita v. Tu’ineau, Hon. Fielakepa, Minister of Lands

105

Cancellation of registration of grant on the ground that Minister’s decision was made on wrong principles because of withholding of important facts from Minister

    Veas and Fotofili v. Finau

131

Cancellation of grant by Minister on ground that Minister’s decision was based upon incorrect understanding of facts

    Tauelangi and Minister of Lands v. Tauelangi

123

Consent by estate holder to allotment – withdrawal of consent must be communicated to Minister of Lands

    Fotofili v. Fua

101

Estoppel – failure of predecessors in title to challenge unlawful reduction of allotment does not bind person entitled to succeed

   Minister of Lands, Ilavalu and Halaevalu v. Ilavalu

1

Estoppel – holder of allotment estopped from evicting occupier consented to by previous holder

    Veikune v. Toa

138

Excessive size – allotment exceeding size permitted by Land Act 1927 was not unlawful if held prior to 1927 and may be succeeded to in its entirely after 1927.

    Minister of Lands, Ilavalu and Halaevalu v. Ilavalu and Ilavalu

1

Excessive size – only surplus void, not entire grant

    Ponitini v. Fale, Kalanivalu-Fotofili, Minister of Lands

97

Further grants of additional land to allotments only authorised by amendment to s.7 Land Act in 1955

    Ongosia v. Tu’inukuafe and Minister of Lands

113

Grant of allotment – after 1948 cannot be made verbally

    Ongosia v. Tu’inukuafe and Minister of Lands

113

Grant of allotment – residence of grantee not necessary

    Kaufusi v. Taunaholo

70

Grant of allotment – undisputed occupation and cultivation is evidence of grant

    Latu v. Moala, Kalanivalu and Minister of Lands

134

Jurisdiction of Land Court and Privy Council to order registration of grant

    Kaufusi v. Taunaholo

70

    Tauelangi and Minister of Lands v. Tauelangi

123

Owner of land who permits another person to spend money in the development of the land in reliance upon the grant of an interest on the land by the owner cannot later claim that interest is not a good one

    O G Sanft and Sons v. Tonga Tourist and Development Co. Ltd., Hamilton and Minister of Lands

26

Ownership – proof of ownership – registration not necessary or conclusive, nor lengthy occupation, nor endorsement of name on plan

    Ongosia v. Tu’inukuafe and Minister of Lands

113

Ownership – proof of ownership – undisputed occupation and cancellation is evidence of grant

    Latu v. Moala, Kalanivalu and Minister of Lands

134

Recovery of possession of allotment – proceedings must be brought in accordance with procedure prescribed by Part IV, Div. iii Land Act

    Fotofili v. Fua

101

Renewal of lease – lessee must serve on estate holder written request for renewal in accordance with S.36 (i) Land Act

    Nuku v. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints and Minister of Lands

78

Rights of succession of tax allotment – younger sons of deceased holder’s brother not entitled

    Fifita v. Minister of Lands and Huahulu

65

Surrender – proceedings barred by time limitation

    Motuliki v. Namoa Motuliki and Minister of Lands

141

Subdivision of allotment of excessive size – should not be ordered in respect of allotment granted before coming into force of Land Act i.e. 23 August 1927

    Latu v. Moala, Kalanivalu and Minister of Lands

134

Surrender of land – prescribed conditions for surrender must be complied with

    Motuliki v. Namoa Motuliki and Minister of Lands

141

Surrender of land – waiver by heir of rights of succession

    Kaufusi v. Taunaholo

70

LEASE

Renewal – lessee must serve written request for renewal on estate holder in accordance with S. 36 (i) Land Act

    Nuku v. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints and Minister of Lands

78

LIMITATION OF ACTION

Time does not run in land cases during minority of plaintiff

    Motuliki v. Namoa, Motuliki and Minister of Lands

141

Time runs from the time a right to bring the proceedings accrued to the person through whom the plaintiff claims

    Motuliki v. Namoa, Motuliki and Minister of Lands

141

PIGS

May be shot if found at large on road or public property, even although they have subsequently entered private property

    Pelesikoti, Minister of Police and Government of Tonga v. Tavake

74

POLICE

Civil liability – police liable in negligence if they incorrectly inform driver of vehicle that vehicle cannot be driven

    Soakai v. Taulua, Minister of Police and Government of Tonga

46

Civil liability, Police liable if they slap arrested person – Officer in charge of police station – S.22 Police Act – officer who is in charge of that part of police station where routine police work connected with the public is carried on

    Soakai v. Taulua, Minister of Police and Government of Tonga

46

PRACTICE

Arrears of rent under a lease must be specifically pleaded as special damages

    McGregor Consultant and Management Services Ltd. v. Kama

90

PRIVY COUNCIL

Not bound by its previous decisions

    Ponitini v. Fale, Kalanivalu-Fotofili, Minister of Lands

97

REGISTRATION OF INTEREST IN LAND

Cancellation registration if based on wrong principles

    Vea and Fotofili v. Finau

131

Cancellation of registration if based on inaccurate understanding of facts

    Fosita v. Tu’ineau, Hon. Fielakepa, Minister of Lands

105

    Tauelangi and Minister of Lands v. Tauelangi

123

    Vea and Fotofili v. Finau

131

Cancellation of registration if application to succeed made more than 12 months after death of previous holder

    Taufa v. Vilingia, Tupouto’a, Minister of Lands

85

Registration not necessary for, or conclusive of, title to land

    Ongosia v. Tu’inukuafe and Minister of Lands

113

Registration may be order by Land Court and Privy Council

    Kaufusi v. Taunaholo

70

    Tauelangi and Minister of Lands v. Tauelangi

123

SUPREME COURT

Jurisdiction to order payment of interest

    Roberts v. Bank of British Columbia

119

Jurisdiction to order payment of interest

    Teta Ltd. v. Ullrich Export Ltd

127

No jurisdiction to make orders for procedure for appear after judgment given

    Polynesian Airlines Ltd. v. Moin

61

TORTS

Battery – liability of police for slapping arrested person

    Soakai v. Taulua, Minister of Police and Government of Tonga

476

Damages – damages for physical injury not to be reduced because of provocation by plaintiff

    Soakai v. Taulua, Minister of Police and Government of Tonga

46

Negligent statement – liability of police for incorrectly informing motorist that she could not drive her motor vehicle.

    Soakai v. Taulua, Minister of Police and Government of Tonga

46

TRAFFIC OFFENCES

Issue of notice of intended prosecution does not cause driving licence to be suspended under S.16 Motor Traffic Act

    Soakai v. Taulua, Minister of Police and Government of Tonga

46

 

 

Tonga Law Reports Table of Cases (1989)

TONGA LAW REPORTS

1989


EDITORS:

Professors Don Paterson
Department of Law, University of the South Pacific

Hon. Mr Justice Nigel Hampton
(Chief Justice)

INDEX OF CASES REPORTED

         

Page

B

Bennett v. Bennett

45

C

Cable & Wireless plc v. Mataolo

79

F

Finau v. Alafoki & Other

66

Finau v. Finau, Teta Ltd & Minister of Lands, Respondents

104

H

Hougland v. Tonga Family Planning Association

87

I

In re Alatini, deceased

76

K

Kinikini v. Pohahau

83

L

Leger v. Niu

11

M

Matavalea v. Uata

101

P

Paseka v. Langi

1

Pohiva v. LAkau’ola, Cocker and Kingdom of Tonga

53

R

R v. Fakatava

73

R v. Pailate

109

T

Teu v. Commodities Board of Tonga

94

Tonga Air Services Ltd v. Fowler

4

Tu’itavaka v. Porter, Government of Australia and Attorney-General

14

Tu’itupou v. Cocker

49

V

Vai v. Uliafu

56

Vakameilalo v. Vakameilalo and Minister of Lands

98

W

Walter Trading v. Cable & Wire& Wireless as yet

41

 

 

Tonga Law Reports Subject Index (1989)

TONGA LAW REPORTS

1989

 
EDITORS:

Professors Don Paterson
Department of Law, University of the South Pacific

Hon. Mr Justice Nigel Hampton
(Chief Justice)

         

Page

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

Natural justice – principles not applicable to private employment

    Hougland v. Tonga Family Planning Association

87

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Enforcement of judgment – principles applicable

    Tonga Air Services Ltd. v. Fowler

4

Injunction – interim injunction – principles applicable

    Paseka v. Langi

1

Pleadings – further particulars – principles applicable

    Pohiva v. Akau’ola

53

CONSTITUTION

Principles of interpretation

    Finau v. Alafoki

66

    Tu’itavake v. Porter, Government of Australia and Attorney-General

14

Retrospective legislation

    Bennett v. Bennett

45

CLAUSES

20    Bennett v. Bennett

45

104  Finau v. Alafoki

66

90    Tu’itavake v. Porter, Government of Australia & Attorney-General

14

CONTRACT

Agent – principal may sue

    Cable & Wireless plc v. Mataele

79

Contract Act – not applicable where liability imposed by statute

    Cable & Wireless plc v. Mataele

79

Not applicable unless person claiming its protection proves that he or she is Tongan

    Cable & Wireless plc & Mataele

79

Employment – conduct justifying summary dismissal

    Houghland v. Tonga Family Planning Association

87

    Teu v. Commodities Board of Tonga

94

Public utility – terms as to credit

    Walter Trading v. Cable & Wireless plc

41

Illegality – contract of employment not illegal because employee does not have work permit

    Houghland v. Tonga Family Planning Association

87

CRIMINAL LAW

Unlawfully killing a pig – defence of protection of property

    R v. Fakatava

73

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Confession of guilt – admissibility – principle applicable

    R v. Pallate

109

DIVORCE

Ancillary relief – lump sum – principles for assessment

    Kinikini v. Pohahau

83

Grounds for divorce – separation for 2 years or more – effect of Divorce (Amendment) Act 1988

    Bennett v. Bennett

45

EMPLOYMENT

Conduct justifying dismissal

    Houghland v. Tonga Family Planning Association

87

    Teu v. Commodities Board of Tonga

94

Probation period

    Houghland v. Tonga Family Planning Association

87

ESTOPPEL

Allotment holder estopped from evicting occupier

    Matavalea v. Uata

101

    Vai v. Uliafu

56

EVIDENCE

Burden of proof in civil proceedings

    Tu’itupou v. Cocker

49

Confession of guilt – admissibility – principles applicable

    R v. Pailate

109

INJUNCTION

Interim injunction – principles applicable

    Paseka v. Langi

1

INTERNATIONAL LAW

Common law principles of sovereign immunity applicable

    Tu’itavake v. Porter, Government of Australia and Attorney General

14

State Immunity Act 1978 UK applicable in Tonga

    Tu’itavake v. Porter, Government of Australia and Attorney General

14

JUDGES’ RULES

Applicable in Tonga

    R v. Pailate

109

LAND

Allotment holder estopped from evicting occupier

    Matavalea v. Uata

101

    Vai v. Uliafu

56

Bona fide purchase for value – constructive notice of trust

    Finau v. Finau, Teta Ltd and Minister of Lands

104

Disposal of land by will

    Leger v. Niu

11

Granting of allotment not sale even if payments made to estate holder

    Finau v. Alafoki

66

Registration – invalidity of registration

    Vai v. Ullafu

56

Surrender of tax allotment – consent of heir not necessary

    Vakamellalo v. Vakamellalo and Minister of Lands

98

LIMITATION OF ACTIONS

Not applicable to enforcement of judgment

    Tonga Air Services Ltd v. Fowler

4

Principles applicable to claim by heir for surrendered allotment

    Vakameilalo v. Vakamellalo and Minister of Land

98

NATURAL JUSTICE

Not applicable to private employment

    Houghland v. Tonga Family Planning Association

87

PARTNERSHIP

Existence of partnership – principles applicable

    Tu’itupou v. Cocker

49

PROBATE AND ADMINISTRATION

Letters of administration – incorrectly granted

    Leger v. Niu

11

Wife – whether entitled to succeed to property of husband

    In re’Alatini Deceased

76

PROPERTY

Wife – whether entitled to share of husband’s property

    In re-Alantini Deceased

76

PUBLIC UTILITY

Abuse of monopoly or dominant position

    Walter Trading v. Cable & Wireless plc

41

QUANTUM MERUIT

Applicable where person has accepted services which he or she knew were not free of charge

    Cable & Wireless plc & Mataele

79

STATUTES

Application of English statutes – State Immunity Act 1978 UK

    Tuitavake v. Porter, Government of Australia and Attorney General

14

TORTS

Unlawful interference with contract – principles not applicable to parties to contract

    Walter Trading v. Cable & Wireless plc

41

WILL

Principles of interpretation

    Leger v. Niu

11

 

 

Tonga Law Reports Table of Cases (1990)

TONGA LAW REPORTS

1990

 
EDITORS:

Hon. Mr Justice Geoffrey W. Martin
(Chief Justice of Tonga)

Professor Don Paterson
Director, Pacific Law Unit, University of the South Pacific

INDEX OF CASES REPORTED

         

Page

A

Ackerman v. Muti

23

Afa v. Tali & Sika

185

Akau’ola & Kingdom of Tonga v. Pohiva

159

Alatini v. LDS Church & Muti

1

B

Bank of Tonga v. Alatini & Muti

153

Brown, Kali & Minister of Lands v. Tali Ofa

136

C

Commissioner of Inland Revenue v. To’ofohe

181

Commodities Board v. Alain Herbreteau S.A.

170

Commodities Board v. Uta’atu

92

F

Fasi v. Pohiva

79, 156

Finau v. Intracor Trading Co. Limited

145

Free Church of Tonga v. Constitutional Free Church of Tonga

143

Fuko v. Vaikona

148

G

Gilpin v. Fua & Lawton Construction Ltd

55

I

Intracor Trading Co. (NZ) Ltd. v. Finau

133

K

Kaufusi v. Lasa & Other

39, 139

Kingdom of Tonga v. Mokofisi

58

L

Lapa & Others v. Kingdom of Tonga

124

M

Makoni v. Koloamatangi & Filipe

50

Manu v. Haidas & Editor of the Tonga Chronicle

7

Masiwawa v. Tupouniua

15

Moa v. Faka’osita, Afu Ha’alaufuli & Minister of Lands

195

Motuliki v. Namoa, Motuliki & Minister of Lands

61

Murti v. Afeaki & Kaitapu

188

P

Palu v. Commodities Board & Others

28

R

R v Kitekei’aho & Tonga

201

R v. Vaiangina

118

S

Sanft & Fuko v. Aho & Kingdom of Tonga

35

Storage & Export Trading Co. Ltd v. Tu’ipulotu

174

T

Tauelangi v. Fukofuka & Others

53

Tu’itupou v. Tonga Water Board

99

U

Uikelotu v. Tonga Water Board

121

Uta’atu v. Commodities Board (No. 2)

48

V

Vaikona v. Fuko (No. 1)

64

Vaikona v. Fuko (No. 2)

68

Vaikona v. Fuko (No. 3)

114

Vaioleti v. Cross & Commodities Board

108

 

 

Tonga Law Reports Subject Index (1990)

TONGA LAW REPORTS

1990

 
EDITORS:

Hon. Mr Justice Geoffrey W. Martin
(Chief Justice of Tonga)

Professor Don Paterson
Director, Pacific Law Unit, University of the South Pacific

INDEX OF SUBJECT MATTER

         

Page

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

Judicial review – procedure to be adopted

    Adau’ola & Kingdom of Tonga v. Pohiva

159

Judicial review – standing of applicant

    Adau’ola & Kingdom of Tonga v. Pohiva

159

Natural justice – applicability of principles to dismissal from office or employment

    Palu v. Commodities Board of Tonga

28

    Commodities Board of Tonga

92

    Tu’itupou v. Tonga Water Board

99

    Uikelotu v. Tonga Water Board

121

APPEAL

Decisions as to assessment of damages – principles applicable

    Kaufusi v. Lasa, Kepu, Minister of Police

139

    Kingdom of Tonga v. Mokofisi

58

Decisions as to matters of fact – principles applicable

    Brown, Kali, Minister of Lands v. Ofa

136

Grounds of appeal

- failure of counsel to conduct case in accordance with Client’s instructions not ground for appeal

   Gilplin v. Fua & Lawton Construction Ltd

55

- failure of court to deal with issues raised by pleadings ground for appeal

   Tauelangi v. Fukofuka

53

- must be raised in court below or notice of appeal

   Makoni v. Koloamatangi & Filipe

50

Leave to appeal out of time – principles applicable – conditions

    Bank of Tonga v. Alatini

153

Remission of case to lower court – not appropriate

    Commissioner of Inland Revenue v. To’ofohe

181

BILLS OF EXCHANGE AND PROMISSORY NOTES

Contract Act not applicable

    Finau v. Intractor Trading Co. Ltd.

145

BIRTHS, DEATHS AND MARRIAGES REGISTRATION

Cancellation of registration – principles applicable

    Lapa v. Kingdom of Tonga

124

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Interim injunction – principles applicable

    Commodities Board of Tonga v. Alain Herbreteau SA

170

    Sanft & Fuko v. Aho & Kingdom of Tonga

35

Judgment – enforcement by charging order

    Intractor Trading Co. Ltd. v. Finau

133

Judgment – enforcement by distress

    Alatini v. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints & Muti

1

Stay of execution of Judgment pending appeal

    Vaikona v. Fuko (No. 3)

114

Particulars to be included in claim for unpaid income

    Commissioner of Inland Revenue v. To’ofohe

181

Striking out – sufficiency of pleading

    Akau’ola & Kingdom of Tonga v. Pohiva

159

Summary judgment under Order 14 RSC England

    Free Church of Tonga v. Constitutional Free Church of Tonga

143

CONSTITUTION

Clause 50 – disqualification from election

    Vaikona v. Fuko (No. 2)

68

    Fuko v. Vaikona

148

Interpretation – principles for interpretation

    Vaikona v. Fuko (No. 2)

68

    Fuko v. Vaikona

148

Texts – conflict between English and Tongan texts

    Vaikona v. Fuko (No. 2)

68

    Fuko v. Vaikona

148

CONTRACT

Breach of contract

    Ackerman v. Muti

23

Conflicting agreements – former in time prevails

    Makoni v. Koloamatangi & Filipe

50

Creation of contract – necessary elements

    Storage and Export Trading Co. Ltd. v. Tu’ipulotu

147

    Vaioleti v. Cross & Commodities Board of Tonga

108

Employment – contract of employment – dismissal

    Tu’itupou v. Tonga Water Board

99

    Paul v. Commodities Board of Tonga

28

    Masiwawa v. Tupouniua

15

Enforceability of contract – Contract Act

    Ackerman v. Muti

23

    Storage & Export Trading Co. Ltd v. Tu’ipulotu

174

Fundamental Breach

    Masiwawa v. Tupouniua

15

Pledge – contract of pledge – elements and effect

    Alatini v. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints & Muti

1

Specific performance

    Vaioleti v. Cross & Commodities Board of Tonga

108

Terms – Implication of terms

    Vaioleti v. Cross & Commodities Board of Tonga

108

CRIMINAL LAW

Manslaughter by negligence

    R v. Kitekel’aho & Tonga

201

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Interview of suspect

    R. v. Kitekei’aho & Tonga

201

Judges Rules – not applicable in Tonga

    R. v. Vaiangina

118

DAMAGES

Adultery – principles for award and assessment

    Afa v. Tall & Sika

184

Assessment – customary gifts to be taken into account

    Kaufusi v. Lasa, Kepu, Minister of Police

39, 139

Appeals from assessments of damages – principles applicable

    Kaufusi v. Lasa, Kepu, Minister of Police

139

Defamation

    Manu v. Haidas & Editor of Tonga Chronicle

17

Exemplary damages – whether appropriate

    Tu’itupou v. Tonga Water Board

99

Exemplary damages – principles applicable

    Kingdom  of Tonga v. Mokofisi

58

General damages – whether appropriate

    Tu’itupou v. Tonga Water Board

99

DEFAMATION

Damages – principles of assessment

    Manu v. Haidas & Editor of Tonga Chronicle

7

Elements of Liability

   Manu v. Haidas & Editor of Tonga Chronicle

7

DIVORCE

Damages for adultery

    Afa v. Tall and Sika

184

ELECTION

Disqualification from election

    Fuko v. Vaikona

148

    Vaikona v. Fuko (No. 2)

68

Election offences – making a false declaration not an offence

    Vaikona v. Fuko

64

Election offences – bribery, corrupt and illegal practices

    Fasi v. Pohiva

79

Election petition – burden of proof

    Fasi v. Pohiva

79

Election petition – stay of execution pending appeal

    Vaikona v. Fuko (No. 3)

114

Supervisor of elections – no power to disqualify candidates

    Sanft & Fuko v. ‘Aho & Kingdom of Tonga

35

EMPLOYMENT

Dismissal with notice

    Palu v. Commodities Board of Tonga

28

Dismissal without notice

    Tu’itupou v. Tonga Water Board

99

Dismissal from public office – principles of natural justice applicable

    Commodities Board of Tonga v. ‘Uta’atu

92

    Tu’itupou v. Tonga Water Board

99

Suspension without pay

    Masiwawa v. Tupouiua

15

ESTOPPEL

Defence to claim for possession of land

    Motuliki v. Namoa, Motuliki & Minister of Lands

61

Defence to claim only, not cause of action

    Motuliki v. Namoa, Motuliki & Minister of Lands

61

EVIDENCE

Criminal proceedings – record of interview not signed

    R v. Kitekei’aho & Tonga

201

Confession – not unfair

    R v. Kitekei’aho & Tonga

201

Election petition – burden and standard of proof

    Fasi v. Pohiva

79

Income tax claims – who should give evidence

    Commissioner of Inland Revenue v. To’ofohe

181

INCOME TAX

Claims – S.76 Magistrates’ Court not applicable - Particulars to be included in claim for unpaid tax

    Commissioner of Inland Revenue v. To’ofohe

181

LAND

Contracts – two conflicting contracts – former in time prevails

    Makoni v. Koloamtangi & Filipe

50

Enforcement of judgment by charging order over land

    Intracor Trading Co. (NZ) Ltd. v. Finau

133

Estoppel as defence to claim for possession

    Motuliki v. Namoa, Motuliki & Minister of Lands

61

Limitation of action

    Motuliki v. Namoa, Motuliki & Minister of Lands

61

Registration – cancellation – principles applicable

    Moa v. Faka’osita, Afu Ha’alaufuli, Deputy Minister of Lands

195

Surrender of allotment – limitation of action

    Motuliki v. Namoa, Motuliki & Minister of Lands

195

LIMITATION OF ACTIONS

Infant – accrual of cause of action

    Motuliki v. Namoa, Motuliki & Minister of Lands

195

MORTGAGE

Equitable mortgage – subject description of subject matter

    ‘Alatini v. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints & Muti

1

Equitable mortgage – subject to enforcement of court judgment

    ‘Alatini v. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints & Muti

1

NATURAL JUSTICE

Applicability of principles to dismissal of officer or employee of public body

    Commodities Board of Tonga v. ‘Uta’atu

92

    Palu v. Commodities Board of Tonga

28

    Tu’itupou v. Tonga Water Board

99

    Uikelotu v. Tonga Water Board

121

PARTNERSHIP

Creation – intentions of parties

    Murti v. Afeaki & Kaltapu

188

Duties of partners – utmost good faith

    Murti v. Afeaki & Kaltapu

188

Termination – any partner may terminate without notice

    Murti v. Afeaki & Kaltapu

188

Termination – assets to be disposed of in accordance with

    Murti v. Afeaki & Kaltapu

188

PRACTICE

Engagement of overseas counsel – taxation of costs

    ‘Uta’atu v. Commodities Board of Tonga (No. 2)

48

PROPERTY

Joint ownership – proof

    ‘Alatini v. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints & Muti

1

QUANTUM MERUIT

    Storage and Export Trading Co. Ltd. v. Tu’ipolotu

174

REGISTRATION OF LAND

Cancellation of registration – principles applicable

    Moa v. Faka’osita, Afu Ha’alaufuli, Deputy Minister of Lands

195

STATUTES

English statutes – applicability in Tonga - Charging Orders Act 1979 UK

    Intracor Trading Co. (NZ) Ltd v. Finau

133

Order 53, RSC Eng

    ‘Akau’ola & Kingdom of Tonga v. Pohiva

159

Partnership Act 1890 UK

    Murti v. Afeaki & Kaitapu

188

Representation of People Act 1983 UK

    Fasi v. Pohiva

79

TORTS

Deceit – elements of liability

    Ackerman v. Muti

23

Defamation – elements of liability

    Manu v. Haidas and Editor of Tonga Chronicle

7

Unlawful arrest and detention

    Kaufusi v. Lasa

39

 

 

Tonga Law Reports Table of Cases (1991)

TONGA LAW REPORTS

1991

 
Editors:

Hon. Mr Justice Nigel Hampton O.B.E.
(Chief Justice of Tonga)

A publication of the Ministry of Justice
Nuku’alofa, Tonga

INDEX OF CASES REPORTED

         

Page

A

Akau’ola v. Fungalei & Ors

22

B

Bank of Tonga v. Alatini & Muti

39

C

Coleman v. Kolo

35

F

Fonua v. Fonua

57

H

Hafoka v. Soakai

17

Hsu & Hsu v. Latu

25

K

Kitekei’aho & Tonga v. R

46

L

Lamatau v. Mau & Sole

19

Lausi’i & Tauki’uvea v. R

55

M

Mafi & Latu v. R.

53

Moa v. Faka’osita, Ha’alaufuli & Minister of Lands

32

Moala v. Valu & Anor

60

N

Niu v. Cable & Wireless Ltd.

12

O

Onedera v. R.

28

P

Practice Direction No. 1 91

16

R

R v. Misa

69

S

Sailosi v. R.

51

Samita v. Samita

4

Sanft & Sons v. Johnson

1

Sun Islands Inc. v. Fewtrell

8

T

Tu’ivai v. Fifita & J.S.P. Auto Trading Ltd

63

 

 

Tonga Law Reports Subject Index (1991)

TONGA LAW REPORTS

1991

 
Editors:

Hon. Mr Justice Nigel Hampton O.B.E.
(Chief Justice of Tonga)

A publication of the Ministry of Justice
Nuku’alofa, Tonga

INDEX OF SUBJECT MATTER

         

Page

ADOPTION

Separated adoptive parents – competing claims for custody

    Fonua v. Fonua

57

ASSAULT

Damages – exemplary – Police Officers

    ‘Akau’ola v. Fungalei & Ors

22

CHILDREN

Custody – paramountcy of their welfare – general principles

    Samita v. Samita

4

    Fonua v. Fonua

57

CONSTITUTION

Duty to put defence not pleaded

    Coleman v. Kolo

35

CONTRACT

Equitable mortgage or equitable charge – rights to enforce

    Bank of Tonga v. Alatini & Muti

39

Extrinsic evidence – receivable

    Sun Islands v. Fewtrell

8

Fraud – voidable – rescission

    Hafoka v. Soakai

17

Oral agreement – evidence

    Moala v. Valu

60

COSTS

Taxation – principles

    Sanft & Sons v. Johnson

1

Discretion – no award

    Sun Islands v. Fewtrell

8

Reliance on per incuriam judgment

    Niu v. Cable & Wireless

12

CRIMINAL LAW

Causing grievous harm – mens rea-states of knowledge & mind

    Onedera v. R

28

Causing grievous harm – defence of another

    R v. Misa

69

Inferences – proper basis for drawing

    Onedera v. R.

28

Manslaughter by negligence – duty of care must exist

    Kitekel’aho & Tonga v. R

46

Sentence

    Kitekei’aho & Tonga v. R.

46

    Lausi’i & Tauki’uvea v. R.

55

    Mafi & Latu v. R.

53

    Sailosi v. R.

51

Standard of Proof – how to direct joy

    Onedera v. R.

28

Theft as servant – breach of trust – repeated offending

    Lausi’i & Tauki’uvea v. R.

55

CUSTODY OF CHILDREN

Basic Principles – paramount consideration welfare of child

    Samita v. Samita

4

    Fonua v. Fonua

57

Guiding Principle on charge of country of residence

    Samita v. Samita

4

DAMAGES

Adultery – principles for assessment

    Lamatau v. Mau & Sole

19

Assault by employee in course of employment

    Hsu & Hsu v. Latu

25

Chattels – breach of warranty

    Tu’ivai v. Fifita & J.S.P. Auto Trading Ltd.

63

Economic loss – severe injuries

    Coleman v. Kolo

35

Exemplary – Police Officers – assault

    ‘Akau’ola v. Fungalei & Ors

22

Quantum – higher than appellate judges would have awarded – when set aside

   Hsu & Hsu v. Latu

25

Special damages – distress

    Tu’ivai v. Fifita & J.S.P. auto Trading Ltd.

63

DIVORCE

Damages for adultery – compensation not punishment

    Lamatau v. Mau & Sole

19

EMPLOYMENT

Liability of employer for assault of employee – scope of authority

    Hsu & Hsu v. Latu

25

Never commenced – no breach of contract

    Sun Islands v. Fewtrell

8

ENFORCEMENT

Distress when goods subject to equitable charge

    Bank of Tonga v. ‘Alatini & Muti

39

EVIDENCE

Civil proceedings – use in criminal proceedings

    R. v. Misa

69

Confession discretion to admit

    Kitekei’aho & Tonga v. R.

46

Unfairness – lack of objection

    Onedera v. R.

28

Extrinsic evidence of contract

    Sun Islands v. Fewtrell

8

JUDGMENT

Enforcement by distress – goods subject to equitable charge

    Bank of Tonga v. ‘Alatini & Muti

39

LAND

Registration – principles for Minister to exercise in his wide discretion – residency

    Moa v. Faka’osita, Ha’alaufuli & Minister of Lands

32

MANSLAUGHTER

Negligence – duty of care must exist

    Kitekei’aho & Tonga v. R.

46

PRACTICE PROCEDURE

Taxation of costs

    Sanft & Sons v. Johnson

1

Appeal – argument not pleaded in lower Court

    Coleman v. Kolo

35

REGISTRATION OF LAND

Applicant not resident on estate or in Tonga – effect of

    Moa v. Faka’osita, Ha’alaufuli & Minister of Lands

32

RESTITUTION

Unfair advantage

    Niu v. Cable & Wireless

12

SALE OF GOODS

Breach of warranty & damages

    Tu’ivai v. Fifita & J.S.P. auto Trading Ltd.

63

SENTENCE

First offender – repeat offender

    Mafi & Latu v. R.

53

Housebreaking

    Sailosi v. R.

51

Infanticide & concealing birth

        Kitekei’aho & Tonga v. R.

46

Manslaughter – secondary offender

    Kitekei’aho & Tonga v. R.

46

Theft as a servant – first offender but repeat offending

    Lausi’i & Tauki’uvea v. R.

55

TORT

Assault – damages – exemplary – police

    ‘Akau’ola v. Fungalei & Ors

22

Negligence – contributory – damages

    Coleman v. Kolo

35

 

 

Tonga Law Reports Table of Cases (1992)

TONGA LAW REPORTS

1992

 
EDITOR:

HON. MR JUSTICE NIGEL HAMPTON O.B.E.
(Chief Justice of Tonga)

A publication of the Ministry of Justice,
Nuku’alofa, Tonga

INDEX OF CASES REPORTED

         

Page

F

Falakiko v. Tukala

4

Free Church of Tonga v. Constitutional Free Church of Tonga

13

Free Wesleyan Church of Tonga v. Fua & Lawton Construction Ltd

21

G

Geesteranus v. R

28

H

Hala v. R.

7

L

Lokotui v. Fifita, Lokotui, Minister of Lands & Others

18

P

Practice Note No.1/92 (No Case to Answer)

1

Practice Note No.2/92 (No Taxation of Costs)

2

Practice Note No.3/92 (Letters of Adoption)

27

Practice Note No.4/92 (Bankruptcy)

35

Practice Note No.5/92 (Writs of Distress)

57

R

R. v. Geesteranus

32

R. v. Kailea & Kailea

24

S

Seiler v. Kingdom of Tonga

58

T

Tonga Development Bank v. Pohiva

71

U

Uhila v. Tatola & Others

9

 

 

Tonga Law Reports Subject Index (1992)

TONGA LAW REPORTS

1992

 
EDITOR:

HON. MR JUSTICE NIGEL HAMPTON O.B.E.
(Chief Justice of Tonga)

A publication of the Ministry of Justice,
Nuku’alofa, Tonga

INDEX OF SUBJECT MATTER

         

Page

ADOPTION

Practice Note 3/92

27

BAIL

Extradition application of Bail Act – principles

    Geesteranus v. R.

28

    R. v. Geesteranus

32

BANKRUPTCY

Practice Note 4/92

35

BREACH OF CONFIDENCE

Conditions on which actionable – relief obtainable

    Tonga Development Ban v. Pohiva

69

CHURCH LANDS

Ownership of land – split within church

    Free Church of Tonga v. Constitutional Free Church of Tonga

13

CERTIORARI

Magistrate exceeding jurisdiction

    R. v. Geesteranus

32

COSTS

Taxation

    Practice Note 2/92

2

CRIMINAL LAW

Manslaughter by negligence – sentence

    Hala v. R.

7

No case to answer

    Practice Note 1/92

1

Provocation – bodily harm

    R. v. Kailea & Kailea

24

Self-defence – bodily harm and assault

    R. v. Kailea & Kailea

24

CROWN

Minister of Crown – binds only if authority delegated – his acts not those of Crown

    Seiler v. Kingdom of Tonga

58

DAMAGES

Assessment for personal injuries – deduction for customary gifts

    Falakiko v. Tukala

4

Assault – attacked while housebreaking

    Uhila v. Tatola & Others

9

DEFENCE

Not pleaded – unavailable

    Seiler v. Kingdom of Tonga

58

ESTOPPEL

Crown – not apply to

        Seiler v. Kingdom of Tonga

58

EXTRADITION

Extradition Act – procedures – Bail Act

    Geesteranus v. R.

28

FREEDOM OF PRESS

Constitution – same as general public – disclosure of informant

    Tonga Development v. Pohiva

71

HABEAS CORPUS

Application to refusal of bail – valid warrant

    Geesteranus v. R.

28

INJUNCTION

Breach of confidence – restrain future publication disclosure of sources

    Tonga Development Bank v. Pohiva

71

LAND

Limitation – Sect. 170 Land Act

    Lokotui v. Fifita, Lokotui & Others

18

Subdivision – town allotment – Sect. 51 Land Act

    Lokotui v. Fifita, Lokotui & Others

18

LIMITATION

Land Act, S.170 – 10 years – father – not exercise right of action within time – no separate period for son.

    Lokotui v. Fifita, Lokotui & Others

18

NEGLIGENCE

Motor accident – general damages for personal injuries – deduction for customary gifts

    Falakiko v. Tukala

4

PLEADINGS

Substantial defence and statutory provisions – if relied on must be pleaded

    Seiler v. Kingdom of Tonga

58

PRESS

Freedom of – Constitution

    Tonga Development Bank v. Pohiva

71

PROCEDURE

Correct forum – Supreme Court or Land Court – church land and buildings

    Free Church of Tonga v. Constitutional Free church of Tonga

13

Defence – not pleaded – not able be relied upon

   Seiler v. Kingdom of Tonga

58

   Tonga Development Bank v. Pohiva

71

   Practice Notes 1 to 5/92

1, 2, 27, 35, 57

   (Criminal, Costs, Adoption, Bankruptcy, Distress)

Stritcing out defare [sic] – failure to allow further time – failure to consider all defences & give reasons

    Free Wesleyan Church of Tonga v. Fua & Lawton

21

Writ of Distress

    Practice Note 5/92

55

SENTENCE

Criminal Law – manslaughter by negligence

    Hala v. R.

7

TAXATION OF COSTS

Practice Note 2/95

2

TIME

Computation – Interpretation Act – when time runs and is complete

    R. v. Geesteranus

32

TORT

Assault – damages – injured while housebreaking

    Uhila v. Tatola & Others

9

TRUSTS

Church – split within – which branch should hold land and buildings – true successor

    Free Church of Tonga v. Constitutional Free Church of Tonga

21

WORDS AND PHRASES

“Forthwith”

    Geesteranus v. R.

28

 

 

Tonga Law Reports Table of Cases (1993)

TONGA LAW REPORTS

1993

 
EDITOR:

HON. MR JUSTICE NIGEL HAMPTON O.B.E.
(Chief Justice of Tonga)

A publication of the Ministry of Justice,
Nuku’alofa, Tonga

INDEX OF CASES REPORTED

         

Page

A

Afeaki & ’Alatiniv. Fuko & Uata

15

C

Clark v. Pikokivaka, Fifita, Fusitu’a, Fonua & The Kingdom of Tonga

50

K

Kingdom of Tonga v. Pohiva

25

P

Practice Direction 1/93 (Service of Documents)

12

Practice Direction 2/93 (Divorce Rules)

13

Practice Direction 3/93 (Writs of Distress)

14

Prasad v. Morris Hedstrom Tonga Ltd

62

Prasad v. Morris Hedstrom Tonga Ltd (No. 2)

69

S

Save v. Kingdom of Tonga

90

Sky Hy Fashion Prop Ltd v. Union Maritime Services Ltd

10

Sugar v. Fatafehi & Taholo

4

Sugar v. Fatafehi (No. 2)

75

T

Tenefufu & others v. Squash Export Co. Ltd & others

81

W

In re W & F

1

 

 

Tonga Law Reports Subject Index (1993)

TONGA LAW REPORTS

1993

 
EDITOR:

HON. MR JUSTICE NIGEL HAMPTON O.B.E.
(Chief Justice of Tonga)

A publication of the Ministry of Justice,
Nuku’alofa, Tonga

INDEX OF SUBJECT MATTER

         

Page

ADOPTION

Illegitimate children – character of adoptive father – share of caring by father

    In re W & F

1

BREACH OF CONFIDENCE

Restraint of future breaches – principles

    Kingdom of Tonga v. Pohiva

25

COMPANY

Non-member – no duty to account

    Tenefufu & others v. Squash Export Co. & other

81

Secretary – obligations, powers, duties

    Prasad v. Morris Hedstrom (Tonga) Ltd

62

CONSTITUTION

Electoral Act at variance with effect

    Afeaki & another v. Fuko & another

15

Freedom of Press – public interest – breach of confidence

    Kingdom of Tonga v. Pohiva

25

CONTRACT

Liquidated damages – only if allowed in contract

    Tenefufu & others v. Squash Export Co. Ltd & others

81

COSTS

Taxation of – fee for chambers hearing

    Sky Hy Fashion Prop. Ltd v. Union Maritime Services Ltd

10

CUSTODY

Both parents suitable custodians – status quo

    Sugar v. Fatafehi & Taholo

4

Variation – change of circumstances – failure of duty by mother

    Sugar v. Fatafehi (No. 2)

75

DIVORCE

Adultery – proof required

    Sugar v. Fatafehi & Taholo

4

ELECTIONS

Qualifications to stand as a candidate

    Afeaki & another v. Fuko & another

15

EMPLOYMENT

Contract of – inducing breach

    Kingdom of Tonga v. Pohiva

25

Scope of – employer – vicarious liability

    Clark v. Pikokivaka & others

50

Dismissal – notice – written contract

    Prasad v. Morris Hedstrom (Tonga) Ltd

62

Failure to fulfill terms of contract by employer – damages

    Prasad v. Morris Hedstrom (Tonga) Ltd (No. 2)

69

EVIDENCE

Hearsay – documents – s.89 (n) Evidence Act

    Tenefufu & others v. Squash Export Co. & others

81

FATAL ACCIDENT

Fatal accident Act – limitation

    Save v. Kingdom of Tonga

90

ILLEGITIMACY

Adoption of illegitimate children

    In re W & F

1

LIMITATION

Application of English Law- discretion – fatal accident

    Save v. Kingdom of Tonga

90

MAINTENANCE

Children – proper procedure – factors on quantum

    Sugar v. Fatafehi & Taholo

4

NEGLIGENCE

Breach of statutory duty

    Clark v. Pikokivaka & others

50

PLEADINGS

Lack of – but issue raised and argued

    Prasad v. Morris Hedstron (Tonga) Ltd (No. 2)

69

PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE

Procedure – divorce – ancillary orders – Divorce Rules 1991

    Sugar v. Fatafehi & Taholo

4

Costs – Taxation – Chambers hearing – fee

    Sky Hy Fashions Prop. Ltd v. Union Maritime Services

10

Distress – writs of – execution

    Practice Direction 3/93

14

Divorce rules

    Practice Direction 2/93

13

Service of documents – certificate of service

    Practice Direction 1/93

12

STATUTORY DUTY

Breach of – proof required

    Clark v. Pikokivaka & others

50

WORDS AND PHRASES

“Permanently resides” – Electoral Act

    Afeaki & other v. Fuko & other

15

“Receiver”

    Clark v. Pikokivaka & others

50

“Wreck”

    Clark & Pikokivaka & others

50

 

 

Tonga Law Reports Table of Cases (1994)

TONGA LAW REPORTS

1994

 
EDITOR:

HON. MR JUSTICE NIGEL HAMPTON O.B.E.
(Chief Justice of Tonga)

A publication of the Ministry of Justice,
Nuku’alofa, Tonga

INDEX OF CASES REPORTED

         

Page

A

’Ahoia & another v. NZ Pacific Container Lines Ltd

54

B

Bank of Tonga v. Vaka’uta

25

C

Carpenter (WR) Ltd v. Jewett Cameron Ltd

5

Cunningham v. Jacobsen

47

E

Edwards v. Kingdom of Tonga

62

’Eukaliti v. Police

60

F

Fathom Fisheries v. Hon. Fakafanua

129

Fotofili v. Free Wesleyan Church of Tonga & another

111

H

Hafoka v. Mafile’o

Halalupe v. Police

122

Hola v. Tu’ilakepa & others

28

Hu’ahulu & another  v. Police

93

K

Kauhala v. Minister of Police & another

119

L

Leone v. Palu & others

88

Lui v. Police

100

M

Makihele v. Police

107

Manu v. Royco Amalgamated Co. Ltd

34

Mataele v. Havili

73

Ma’umalanga v. Tuopou

30

P

Paea v. Police

52

Pekipaki & others v. O.K. Toutai Co. Ltd & others

40

Pohiva v. Kingdom of Tonga & others

40

Practice Direction No. 1/94 (Senior Counsel)

1

Practice Direction N0. 2/94 (Taxation of Costs Magistrates Courts)

2

Practice Direction No. 3/94 (Commissioners for Oaths)

3

Practice Direction No. 4/94 (Justification on Documents)

71

Practice Direction No. 5/94 (Default judgments)

72

T

Ta’ani v. Police

84

Taufa v. Ma’u

97

Taumoepeau & others v. Pohiva

12

Tonga v. Langifisi

77

Tu’ipulotu v. Ma’afu

125

U

Uata v. Fifita

38

 

 

Tonga Law Reports Subject Index (1994)

TONGA LAW REPORTS

1994

 
EDITOR:

HON. MR JUSTICE NIGEL HAMPTON O.B.E.
(Chief Justice of Tonga)

A publication of the Ministry of Justice,
Nuku’alofa, Tonga

 
INDEX OF SUBJECT MATTER

         

Page

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

Judicial review

    Fotofili v. Free Wesleyan Church

111

Judicial or appellate review

    Leone v. Palu & others

88

APPEAL

Conviction – credibility issues – intervention by magistrate

    Halalupe v. Police

122

Conviction – transcript – inaccuracy – later reasons

    Taufa v. Ma’u

97

BAILMENT

Duties of bailee – liability

    Mataele v. Havili

73

CEMETERIES

Burial – right to

    Hola v. Tuilakepa

28

COMPANY LAW

Administration of – ownership of assets – directors – accounts

    Pekipaki v. OK Toutai Ltd

40

Directors – qualifications

    Pekipaki v. OK Toutai Ltd

40

CONSTITUTION

Nationality – Tongan subject

    Edwards v. Kingdom of Tonga

10

Retrospective legislation

   Edwards v. Kingdom of Tonga

10

CONTRACT

Agreement to settle – breach – interest

    Fathom Fisheries co. Ltd v. Hon. Fakafanua

129

Shipping – undisclosed principle

    ’Ahoia v. NZ Pacific Container Lines Ltd

54

Shipping contracts – insurance

    Carpenter v. Jewett Cameron

5

COOPERATIVE SOCIETIES

Executive committee – gratuitous services

    Taumoepeau v. Pohiva

12

COSTS

Solicitor acting for himself – taxation

    Edwards v. Kingdom of Tonga

62

CRIMINAL LAW & PROCEDURE

Appeal – intervention – by magistrate

    Halalupe v. Police

122

Burden of proof – customs – shifting burden

    Makihele v. Police

107

Jurisdiction – sentencing – bodily harm

    Hu’ahulu & another v. Police

93

Self defence – onus

    Taufa v. Ma’u

97

Sentencing – disparity – apology

    Taani v. Police

84

Sentencing – housebreaking & theft

    ’Eukaliti v. Police

80

CUSTOMS

Uncustomed goods – burden of proof

    Makihele v. Police

107

DAMAGES

Defamation – apology – award of

    Hafoka v. Mafile’o

103

Mitigation – duty to mitigate

    Taumoepeau v. Pohiva

12

Proof – duty to mitigate

    ’Ahoia v. NZ Container Lines Ltd

54

Valuation – independent evidence – Constitution

  Mataele v. Havili

73

DEFAMATION

Damages – apology and reconciliation

    Hafoka v. Mafile’o

103

Damages – mitigation

    Taumoepeau v. Pohiva

12

Defences – truth – fair comment – onus

    Taumoepeau v. Pohiva

12

Proof article refer to plaintiff

    Pohiva v. Kingdom of Tonga

115

ESTOPPEL

Who can plead – claim

    Pekipaki v. OK Toutai Ltd

40

EVIDENCE

Inadmissibility – sexual past

    Hafoka v. Mafile’o

103

EXECUTION OF JUDGEMENT

Distress – motel not a house – moveable property

    Bank of Tonga v. Vaka’uta

25

INSURANCE

Shipping contract – responsibility

    Carpenter v. Jewett Cameron

5

JUDICIAL REVIEW

Abuse of process – striking out

    Fotofili v. Free Wesleyan Church

111

Striking out – appeal on merits

    Leone v. Palu & others

88

LAND

Alien – entitlement to hold – permit

    Ma’malanga v. Tupou

30

Cemetery – burial – determination of right to

    Hola v. Tu’ilakepa

28

Land court – jurisdiction

    Tu’ipulotu v. Ma’afu

125

Lease – permit – alien

    Ma’umalanga v. Tupou

30

Lease – valid – commencement

    Manu v. Royco Algamated Co. Ltd

34

LEASEHOLD

Lease – commencement

   Manu v. Royco Amalgamated Co. Ltd

34

Lease – permit – alien

    Ma’umalanga v. Tupou

30

MAGISTRATES

Costs – taxation – Magistrates’ Courts

    Practice Direction Note 2/94

2

Role in trial – intervention

    Halalupe v. Police

122

Sentencing – prosecutor’s opinion

    Lui v. Police

100

Sentencing – magistrates – jurisdiction

    Hu’ahulu & another v. Police

93

NATIONALITY

Tongan subject

    Edwards v. Kingdom of Tonga

62

PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE

Adjournments – reasons – need to keep records – discretion

    Mataele v. Havili

73

Amendment of claim

    Pohiva v. Kingdom of Tonga

115

Commissioners of Oaths

    Practice Direction 3/94

3

Costs – Taxation in Magistrates’ Court

    Practice Direction 2/94

2

Defamation proved – damages follow

    Hafoka v. Mafile’o

103

Identification of Law Practitioner – documents

    Practice Direction 4/94

71

Judge – response to appeal

    Pekipaki v. OK Toutai Ltd

40

Judgment in default of defence

    Practice Direction 5/94

72

Judicial review – abuse of process

    Fotofili v. Free Wesleyan Church

111

Magistrates – record kept by Clerk – judgment – later reason

    Taufa v, Ma’u

97

Non appearance – struck out – reinstatement

    Tonga v. Langi

77

Pleadings – amendment – principles

    Taumoepeau & others v. Pohiva

12

Senior Counsel

    Practice Direction 1/94

1

Sentencing – prosecutor’s duty – opinion

    Lui v. Police

100

Strike out – judicial review or appellate review

    Leone v. Palu & others

88

Strike out writ

    Fotofili v. Free Wesleyan Church

111

    Kauhala v. Min. of Police

119

    Tu’ipulotu v. Ma’afu

125

Summary trial – bodily harm – preliminary enquiry – jurisdiction

    Hu’ahulu & another v. Police

93

PRISONS & PRISONERS

Remand prisoners – work duties

    Paea v. Police

52

PRIVILEGES

Legislative Assembly - members

    Taumoepeau & others v. Pohiva

12

SENTENCING

Apology & reconciliation – disparity

    Ta’ani v. Police

84

Causing bodily harm – injuries – weapons

    Hu’ahulu & another v. Police

93

Prosecutor’s opinion

    Lui v. Police

100

Suspension of imprisonment – first property offences

    ’Eukaliti v. Police

80

SHIPPING

Shipping contract – when loaded on board

    ’Ahoia v. NZ Pacific Container Lines Ltd

54

C & F Contract – insurance

    Carpenter v. Jewett Cameron

5

SUPREME COURT

Jurisdiction

    Tu’ipuloto v. Ma’afu

125

TORT

Defamation – identity referred to

    Pohiva v. Kingdom of Tonga

115

Defamation – damages

     Hafoka v. Mafile’o

103

Negligence – breach of duty of care

    Kauhala v. Minister of Police

119

TRUSTS

Obligations – presumptions – when arise

    Cunninghan v. Jacobsen

47

Undue influence – trustee

    Cunninghan v. Jacobsen

47

UNDUE INFLUENCE

Trust – obligations and presumptions – trustee

    Cunningham v. Jacobsen

47

WORDS AND PHRASES

Alien

    Ma’umalangi v. Tupou

30

Forthwith & Immediately

    Fathom Fisheries Co. Ltd v. Hon Fakafanua

129

House

    Bank of Tonga v. Vaka’uta

25

Tongan subject

    Edwards v. Kingdom of Tonga

62

 

 

Tonga Law Reports Table of Cases (1995)

TONGA LAW REPORTS

1995

 
EDITOR:

HON. MR JUSTICE NIGEL HAMPTON O.B.E.
(Chief Justice of Tonga)

A publication of the Ministry of Justice,
Nuku’alofa, Tonga

INDEX OF CASES REPORTED

         

Page

A

Antiporta v. Paea

121

B

Bank of Tonga v. Kolo, Vete & Ma’u

168

Bank of Tonga v. Kolo, Vete & Ma’u (No. 2)

175

Bank of Tonga v. Peacock

104

Bank of Tonga v. Tu’ivai

114

F

Fakaanga v. Mataele & Minister of Lands

4

Fale v. Kingdom of Tonga & Heimuli

67

Fie’eiki v. Fifita

184

Fie’eiki v. ’Ilavalu & others

190

Fie’eiki v. ’Ilavalu & others (No. 2)

192

Fifita v. Fie’eiki

180

Fifita v. Fie’eiki (No. 2)

187

Fisi’inaua v. R

62

Fletcher Construction & another v. Montfort Bros.

142

H

Hamilton v. Tonga Waterboard

85

Helu v. Taufa & others

107

K

Kalaniuvalu Fotofili v. Free Wesleyan Church & Minister of Lands

91

Kalaniuvalu Fotofili v. Free Wesleyan Church & Minister of Lands (No. 2)

101

Kama v. Kuli, Kalainiuvalu & Minister of Lands

117

L

Lautaha v. Minister of Lands & Tapueluelu

153

Lavulo v. Fifita & Kingdom of Tonga

201

Lavulo v. Fifita & Kingdom of Tonga (No. 2)

214

M

Mafi v. Police

177

Makoni & Niu v. Koloamatangi

127

Maliepo v. Faka’osilea & Minister of Lands

53

Masima v. Hon. Tu’ilakepa

73

P

Polutele v. R

59

Practice Directions No. 1

1

Practice Directions No. 2

2

Practice Directions No. 3

3

Practice Directions No. 3

124

Practice Directions No. 5

125

Practice Directions No. 6

217

Practice Directions No. 7

219

Primary Produce Exports Ltd v. Lauti & others

162

S

Sakalia v. Vialea, Schaumel & Minister of Lands

130

T

Touliki Trading & another v. Fakafanua & another

8

Tu’ipulotu v. Niukapu

79

V

Vailea v. Sakalia, Schaumkel & Minister of Lands

138

 

 

Tonga Law Reports Subject Index (1995)

TONGA LAW REPORTS

1995

 
EDITOR:

HON. MR JUSTICE NIGEL HAMPTON O.B.E.
(Chief Justice of Tonga)

A publication of the Ministry of Justice,
Nuku’alofa, Tonga

INDEX OF SUBJECT MATTER

         

Page

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

Judicial review unreasonableness – natural justice

    Touliki Trading & anor v. Fakafanua

8

Judicial review – suspension from school – discipline

    Fale v. Kingdom of Tonga & Heimuli

67

Judicial review - habeas corpus – extradition

    Lavulo v. Fifita & Kingdom of Tonga

201

APPEAL

Application for leave – interlocutory judgment

    Bank of Tonga v. Kolo, Vete & Ma’u (No. 2)

175

ARBITRATION

Award – enforcement – ex parte orders

    Fletcher Construction & anor v. Montfort Bros

142

BAIL

Extradition order – Magistrates Courts’ – Supreme Court

    Lavulo v. Fifita & Kingdom of Tonga

201

    Lavulo v. Fifita & Kingdom of Tonga (No. 2)

214

CONTEMPT OF COURT

Breach of orders – Land Court – penalty

    Fifita v. Fie’eiki

180

    Fie’eiki v. Fifita

184

Improper application – removal of assessor

    Fie’eiki v. ’Ilavalu & ors

190

CONTRACT

Building – arbitration – award – enforcement – estoppel

    Fletcher Construction & anor v. Montfort Bros

142

Limitation – extension – admission

    Bank of Tonga v. Tu’ivai

114

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW

Act of Legislative Assembly – jurisdiction – corporations – jurisdiction

    Touliki Trading & anor v. Fakafanua

8

Acquittal – manslaughter

    Fisi’inaua v. R

62

COSTS

Party & party – practice direction 2/92 – exceed rates

    Antiporta v. Paea

121

CRIMINAL LAW

Jury trials – callover – status conference

    Practice Direction No. 5/95

125

Manslaughter – negligence – earlier acquittal

    Fisi’inaua v. R

62

Sentencing – rape – maximum

    Polutele v. R

59

Strict liability – onus of proof

    Mafi v. Police

177

DAMAGES

Application for judicial review

    Touliki Trading & anor v. Fakafanua

8

EDUCATION

Education Act – suspension from school – discipline

    Fale v. Kingdom of Tonga & Heimuli

67

EQUITY

Estoppel – clean hands

    Helu v. Taufa & ors

107

Land – application of equity

    Vailea v. Sakailea, Schaumkel & Min. of Lands

138

ESTOPPEL

Arbitration award – final – estoppel inter partes

    Fletcher Construction & anor v. Montfort Bros

142

Equity – clean hands

    Helu v. Taufa & ors

107

Issue estoppel – res judicata – binds parties & privies

    Tu’ipulotu v. Hon. Niukapu

79

Land lease – part performance

    Kalaniuvalu Fotofili v. Free Wesleyan Church & Min. of Lands (No. 2)

101

Land court – shield or sword

    Fie’eiki v. ’Ilavalu & ors (No. 2)

192

EVIDENCE

Criminal case – onus of proof

    Mafi v. Police

177

Document – admissibility – copy

    Bank of Tonga v. Peacock

104

Parole evidence – fraud

    Helu v. Taufa & ors

107

Estoppel – rule of evidence

    Fie’eiki v. ’Ilavalu & ors (No. 2)

192

EXECUTION

Judgment – deceased defendant

    Makoni & Niu v. Kaloamatangi

127

Judgment debt – execution – forms available

    Bank of Tonga v. Kolo, Vete & Ma’u

168

Writ of distress

    Practice Direction No. 2/95

2

EXTRADITION

Procedure – evidence – proof  - bail

    Lavulo v. Fifita & Kingdom of Tonga

201

    Lavulo v. Fifita & Kingdom of Tonga (No. 2)

214

FIDUCIARY

Duties of – full disclosure

    Kalaniuvalu Fotofili v. Free Wesleyan Church & Min. of Lands

91

    Kalaniuvalu Fotofili v. Free Wesleyan Church & Min. of Lands (No. 2)

101

FRAUD

Burden of proof – standard

    Fakaanga v. Mataele & Min. of Lands

4

Land – grant – set aside

    Helu v. Taufa  & ors

107

Land – grant – api to

    Kama v. Kuli, Kalaniuvalu & Min. of Lands

117

HABEAS CORPUS

Extradition – judicial review

    Lavulo v. Fifita & Kingdom of Tonga

201

    Lavulo v. Fifita & Kingdom of Tonga (No. 2)

214

INJUNCTIONS

Exparte applications – written undertakings

    Practice Direction No. 4/95

124

Interim – discharge – Mareva – principles

    Primary Produce Exports Ltd v. Lauti & ors

162

INTOXICATING LIQUOR

Prosecution – onus of proof – strict liability

    Mafi v. Police

177

LANDS

Assessor – removal of

    Fie’eiki v. ’Ilavalu & ors

190

Assessor – role

    Fie’eiki v. Fifita

184

Api to – reward - gift – fraud

    Kama v. Kuli, Kalaniuvalu & Min. of Lands

117

Burden of proof – mistake

    Lautaha v. Min. of Lands & Tapueluelu

153

Contempt – breach of orders

    Fifita v. Fie’eiki

180

    Fie’eiki v. Fifita

184

Exchange of allotments – fraud – setting aside

    Fakaanga v. Mataele & Min. of Lands

4

Hereditary titles and estates – time limitation - tofia

    Masima v. Hon. Tu’ilakepa

73

Hereditary titles & estates – res judicata – estoppel

    Tu’ipulotu v. Hon. Niukapu

79

Lease – parties breach – estoppel

    Kalaniuvalu Fotofili v. Free Wesleyan Church & Min. of Lands

91

    Kalaniuvalu  Fotofili v. Free Wesleyan Church & Min. of Lands (No. 2)

101

Legitimated person – succession

    Maliepo v. Faka’osilea & Min. of Lands

53

Mesne profits – loss of use

    Fifita v. Fie’eiki (No. 2)

187

Registration - Deed of grant – paramount

    Lautaha v. Min. of Lands & Tapueluelu

153

Surrender – conditions – set aside

    Sakalia v. Vailea, Schaumkel & Min. of Lands

130

    Vailea v. Sakalia, Schaumkel & Min. of Lands

138

LAW PRACTITIONERS

Costs – party & party – solicitor & client

    Antiporta v. Paea

121

Enrolment – procedure

    Practice Direction No. 7/95

219

LEASE

Fiduciaries – sublease – consent

    Kalaniuvalu Fotofili v. Free Wesleyan Church & Min. of Lands

91

    Kalaniuvalu Fotofili V. Free Wesleyan Church & Min. of Lands (No. 2)

101

LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY

Internal Proceedings – jurisdiction

    Touliki Trading & anor v. Fakafanua

8

LEGITIMATION

Date of parent’s marriage – land – succession

    Maliepo v. Faka’osilea & Min. of Lands

53

LIMITATION

Claim – when time runs – tofia

    Masima v. hon. Tu’lakepa

127

Contract – extension - admission

    Bank of Tonga v. Tu’ivai

114

MALICIOUS PROSECUTION

Criminal charge – not as to civil action

    Hamilton v. Tonga Water Board

85

MESNE PROFITS

Land – loss of use – value – assessment

    Fifita v. Fie’eiki (No. 2)

187

PRACTICE & PROCEDURE

Amendment of pleadings

    Practice Direction No. 1/95

1

Appeal – interlocutory judgement – leave required

    Bank of Tonga v. Kolo, Vete & Ma’u (No. 2)

175

Arbitration – award – enforce as judgment

    Fletcher Construction & anor v. Montfort Bros

142

Case number

    Practice Direction No. 3/95

3

Contempt of court – land - orders – breach

    Fifita v. Fie’eiki

180

Costs – party & party – solicitor & client

    Antiporta v. Paea

121

Distress – writ – execution

   Practice Direction No. 2/95

2

Execution – forms available

    Bank of Tonga v. Kolo, Vete & Ma’u

168

Habeas Corpus – extradition

    Lavulo v. Fifita & Kingdom of Tonga

201

Injunctions – ex parte – undertakings

    Practice Direction No. 4/95

124

Injunctions – interim – discharge – Mareva

    Primary Produce Exports Ltd v. Lauti & ors

162

Judgment – enforcement – deceased defendant

    Makoni & Niu v. Kaloamatangi

127

Law practitioners – enrolment – procedure

    Practice Direction No. 7/95

219

Trials – criminal - status conference

    Practice Direction No. 5/95

125

Trials – land, civil, criminal – callovers – status conferences

    Practice Direction No. 6/95

217

SENTENCING

Manslaughter by negligence

    Fisi’inaua v. R

62

Rape – maximum term

    Polutele v. R

59

TORT

Breach of statutory duty – water supply – damages

    Hamilton v. Tonga Water Board

85

Malicious prosecution – criminal offence

    Hamilton v. Tonga Water Board

85

WORDS & PHRASES

“Interlocutory judgment”

    Bank of Tonga v. Kolo, Vete & Ma’u (No. 2)

175

 

 

Tonga Law Reports Table of Cases (1996)

TONGA LAW REPORTS

1996

 
EDITOR:

HON. MR JUSTICE NIGEL HAMPTON O.B.E.
(Chief Justice of Tonga)

A publication of the Ministry of Justice,
Nuku’alofa, Tonga

INDEX OF CASES REPORTED

         

Page

A

Attorney General v. Moala & Akau’ola

160

Attorney General v. Moala (No. 2)

164

B

Bank of Tonga v. Liava’a

198

Bank of Tonga v. Peacock & Peacock

175

Bank of Tonga v. Pekipaki & ors

81

B.P.T. Tonga Ltd v. Tohi

63

C

Croci v. Moa & Fifita

118

F

Fa’aoso v. R

42

Fasi v. Fifita & ors

68

Fifita v. Min. of Police & Kingdom of Tonga

129

Fifita v. Min of Police & Kingdom of Tonga (No. 2)

133

Fotofili v. Siale (1987)

227

Fusitu’a v. Ta’ofi &  ’Aho

102

H

Hakeai v. min. of Lands & ors

142

K

Kilifi v. Kilifi v. Heimuli & Min. of Lands

31

Kilisimasi v. Malani & Tonga Telecom

189

Kula v. R

25

L

Li v. Katoa

195

Lindsay-Smith v. S.P.A.F.H., Duve & Australia

54

M

Moala v. Min. of Police (No. 1)

202

Moala v. Min of Police (No. 2)

207

Moala v. Min. of Police (No. 3)

211

Muller v. Manu, Min. of Police & Kingdom of Tonga

73

N

Nukuma’anu Motel Ltd v. ’Aholelei & ors

1

P

Pahulu v. Mottini & anor

253

Palavi v. Cocker & Min. of Lands

246

Palu v. Min. of Lands & ors

15

Po’uhila v. Veikune

11

Primary Produce Exports Ltd & ors v. Masima & ors

234

Primary Exports Ltd & ors v. Masima & ors (No. 2)

244

R

R. v. Fa’aoso

36

R. v. Kula

20

S

Seluini v. Faletau & Trident Heavy Engineering

47

T

Taufa v.Kupu & Min. of Lands

3

Taufaeteau v. Bank of Tonga

122

Tonga Devpt. Bank v. ’Aukamea & ors

59

Touliki Trading & anor v. Fakafanua & Kingdom of Tonga (No. 2)

145

U

’Utu’atu v. Afeaki

92

V

Vi v. Mahe

99

 

 

Tonga Law Reports Subject Index (1996)

TONGA LAW REPORTS

1996

 
EDITOR:

HON. MR JUSTICE NIGEL HAMPTON O.B.E.
(Chief Justice of Tonga)

A publication of the Ministry of Justice,
Nuku’alofa, Tonga

INDEX OF SUBJECT MATTER

         

Page

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

Judicial Review – basis for

   Touliki Trading v. Fakafanua (No. 2)

145

APPEAL

Criminal Trial – incompetence of counsel

   Kula v. R.

25

Criteria – leave to – case stated

   Primary Produce Export v. Masina

234

BAILMENT

Duties of bailee – damages – breach

   Li v. Katoa

195

BANKING

Duty of care – due diligence – damages

   Bank of Tonga v. Peacock

175

Guarantees – fiduciary duties – service

   Bank of Tonga v. Pekipaki & ors

81

Joint liability – borrowers

   Bank of Tonga v. Liava’a

198

Terms – variations – interest

   Taufaeteau v. Bank of Tonga

122

COMPANY

Director – duties – fraudulent trading

   ’Utu’atu v. Afeaki

92

Shareholder – unpaid calls

   ’Utu’atu v. Afeaki

92

CONTEMPT OF COURT

Caution – unlimited power – proof

   Attorney General v. Moala & anor

160

Freedom of speech – scandalizing court – interference justice

   Attorney General v. Moala (No. 2)

164

CONTRACT

Banking – loans – certainty – variation

   Taufaeteau v. Bank of Tonga

122

Defences – non est factum – misleading – duties – banker

   Bank of Tonga v. Pekipaki & ors

81

For bearance – consideration

   Bank of Tonga v. Peacock

175

Land – breach – custom or contract

   Po’uhila v. Veikune

11

Limitation – when liability incurs

   Tonga Development Bank v. ’Aukamea

59

Security – bank – privity

   Bank of Tonga v. Liava’a

198

Uncertainty – enforceability

   Seluini v. Faletau & anor

47

Unlawful – growing crops – constitution

   Primary Produce Exports v. Masima

234

Warranty or condition

   B.P.T. Ltd v. Tohi

63

CONSTITUTION

Contempt of court – freedom speech – balance

   Attorney General v. Moala (No. 2)

164

Discriminatory law – Land Act – void

   Primary Produce Exports v. Masima

234

Jurisdiction – property rights

   Touliki Trading v. Fakafanua (No. 2)

244

Parliament – contempt habeas corpus

   Moala & anor v. Min. of Police (No. 1)

202

   Moala & anor v. Min. of Police (No. 2)

207

   Moala & anor v. Min. of Police (No. 3)

211

Privilege – scope – court

   Fotofili v. Siale

227

COSTS

Defendants – successful – discretion

   Nukuma’anu v. Aholelei

1

Discretion – no award either party

   B.P.T. Tonga Ltd v. Tohi

63

CRIMINAL LAW

Confession sufficient evidence – rape

   R v. Fa’aoso

36

   Fa’aoso v. R

42

Grievous harm – meaning

   R v. Fa’aoso

36

Incompetence of counsel

   Kula v. R

25

Judge alone – evidence

   R v. Kula

20

Rape - complainant not give evidence – confession

   R v. Fa’aoso

36

Rape – recent complaint – corroboration

   R v. Kula

20

Sentence – rape

   Fa’aoso  v. R

42

DAMAGES

Bailee – breach of duties

   Li v. Katoa

195

Exemplary – police – assault

   Muller v. Manu & ors

73

Head injuries – nursing – loss earning capacity

   Kilisimasi v. Malani & anor

189

Trespass – assault – defamation

   Bank of Tonga v. Peacock

175

DEFAMATION

Damages – no loss proved

   Bank of Tonga v. Peacock

175

Privilege – statements in court

   Seluini v. Faletau & anor

47

ELECTIONS

Petition – bribery & corruption – proof

   Fusitu’a v. Ta’ofi & Aho

102

EMPLOYMENT

Dismissal – judicial review – natural justice

   Fifita v. Min. of Police

129

   Fifita v. Min. of Police (No. 2)

132

ESTOPPEL

Defence – not create an interest – land

   Fasi v. Fifita & ors

68

EVIDENCE

Criminal law – inferences – recent complaint – corroboration

   R v. Kula

20

Criminal law –confession – sufficiency

   R v. Fa’aoso

36

   Fa’aoso v. R

42

Election petition – proof – onus – standard

   Fusitu’a v. Taofi & ’Aho

102

Failure to put case

   Muller v. Manu & ors

73

Paternity – corroboration

   Vi v. Mahe

99

FRAUD

Company director – fraudulent trading – proof

   ’Uta’atu v. Afeaki 

92

HABEAS CORPUS

Summons – meaning – constitution – contempt of Parliament

   Moala & anor v. Min. of Police (No. 1)

202

Parliament – closure – due process

   Moala & anor v. Min. of Police (No. 2)

207

   Moala & anor v. Min. of Police (No. 3)

211

INJUNCTION

Misleading court – discharge interim

   Seluini v Faletau

47

JUDICIAL REVIEW

Dismissal – employment – rules of natural justice

   Fifita v. Min. of Police

129

   Fifita v. Min. of Police (No. 2)

133

Magistrates Court – appeal – review

   Croci v. Moa & Fifita

118

LAND

Constitution – discrimination – void

   Primary Produce Exports v. Masima

234

Estoppel – equity

   Fasi v. Fifita & ors

68

Limitation – time bar – claim

   Taufa v. Kupu & Min. of Lands

3

Mistake – set aside grant – equity

   Kilifi v. Heimuli & ors

31

   Palavi v. Cocker & Min. of Lands

246

   Taufa v. Kupu & Min. of Lands

3

Mortgages – growing crops

   Bank of Tonga v. Peacock

175

Promise – contract or custom

   Po’uhila v. Veikune

11

Public works – completed – reversion

   Palavi v. Cocker & Min. of Lands

246

Succession  - ladder of

   Kilivi v. Heimuli & ors

31

Surrender – grants – cancellation natural justice applicable

   Hakeai v. Min. of Lands & ors

142

Tonga – non Tongan – right to hold

   Pahulu v. Motlini & anor

253

LAW PRACTITIONERS

Costs – numerous successful defendants

   Nukuma’anu v. ’Aholelei

1

LIMITATION

Contract – when liability incurs

   Tonga Devpt Bank v. ’Aukamea

59

Land – estate holder – minister

   Taufa v. Kupu & Min. of Lands

3

MAGISTRATES’ COURTS

Jurisdiction – split one claim – void

   Croci v. Moa & Fifita

118

NATIONALITY

Loss of Tongan – loss of rights

   Croci v. Moa & Fifita

118

NEGLIGENCE

Advice – negligent – duty of care – servant

   BPT Tonga Ltd v. Tohi

63

Damages  - head injuries – nursing care – loss earning capacity

   Kilisimasi v. Malani & anor

189

PARLIAMENT

Contempt – privilege – committal – habeas corpus

   Moala & anor v. Min. of Police (No. 1)

202

   Moala & ors v. Min. of Police (No. 2)

207

   Moala & ors v. Min. of Police (No. 3)

211

Privilege – constitution – privilege

   Fotofili v. Siale

227

PATERNITY

Evidence – corroboration

   Vi v. Mahe

99

PRACTICE & PROCEDURE

Adjournment – dismissal – onus of proof

   Attorney General v. Moala & anor

160

Appeal – leave – case stated – criteria

   Primary Produce Exports v. Masima (No. 2)

244

Claim – Magistrates  - splitting claim – void

   Croci v. Moa & Fifita

118

Deceased defendant – estate – joinder

   Palavi v. Cocker & Min. of Lands

246

Judicial review – default judgement – appeal

   Croci v. Moa & Fifita

118

Serve outside jurisdiction – leave

   Lindsay-Smith v. SPAFH & ors

54

Supreme court – full court – important issue

   Primary Produce Exports v. Masima

234

SENTENCING

Contempt of court – penalties

   Attorney General v. Moala (No. 2)

164

Rape – factors – tariff

   Fa’aoso v. R

42

SOVEREIGN IMMUNITY

Immunity of state – commercial transactions – restrictive theory

   Lindsay-Smith v. S.P.A.F.H. & ors

54

STATUTORY INTERPRETATION

Constitution – principles

   Touliki Trading v. Fakafanua (No. 2)

145

TORT

Negligent advice – servant – duty of care

   BPT Tonga Ltd v. Tohi

63

Negligence – head injuries – damages

   Kilisimasi v. Malani & anor

189

Trespass to goods – to person – assault – damages

   Bank of Tonga v. Peacock

175

Trespass to goods – detinue – conversion – damages

   Li v. Katoa

195

Wrongful arrest – assault – false imprisonment – police

   Muller v. Manu & ors

73

 

 






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