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Dr. Christian Kull

Contact Information

Monash University

(Adjunct Professor at USP)

Research Interests

Christian Kull is a geographer with interests in the human dimensions of environmental change. He investigates the political and social aspects of resource management issues like fire, invasive species, small-scale farming, deforestation, tree planting and protected areas conservation, particularly in developing country contexts. He is also interested in the history of human-induced land-use change and plant movements. Christian’s research has focussed principally on countries in and around the Indian Ocean.

Christian received his BA (1991) from Dartmouth College, MA (1995) from the University of Colorado, MSc (1996) from Yale University and PhD (2000) from the University of California at Berkeley. His primary appointment is at Monash University, Melbourne, Australia where he has taught since 2003.

Selected publications

Kull, C.A. 2012. Fire and people in tropical island grassland landscapes: Fiji and Madagascar. Journal of Pacific Studies. 32, 121–129.

Kull, C.A. and Tassin, J. 2012. Australian acacias: useful and (sometimes) weedy. Biological Invasions 14, 2229–2233.

Altangerel, K. and Kull, C.A. 2012. The prescribed burning debate in Australia: conflicts and compatibilities. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 56, 103–120.

Kull, C.A. and Rangan, H. 2012. Science, sentiment and territorial chauvinism in the acacia name change debate. In Haberle, S.G. and David, B. (eds) Peopled Landscapes: Archaeological and Biogeographic Approaches to Landscapes. Terra Australis 34, 197–219.

Tassin, J., Rangan, H. and Kull, C.A. 2012. Hybrid improved tree fallows: harnessing invasive woody legumes for agroforestry. Agroforestry Systems 84, 417–428.

Kull, C.A., Tassin, J., Moreau, S., Ramiarantsoa, H.R., Blanc-Pamard, C. and Carrière, S.M. 2012. The introduced flora of Madagascar. Biological Invasions 14, 875–888.

Bowman, D.M.J.S., Balch, J.K., Artaxo, P., Bond, W.J., Cochrane, M.A., D'Antonio, C.M., DeFries, R., Johnston, F.H., Keeley, J.E., Krawchuk, M.A., Kull, C.A., Mack, M., Moritz, M.A., Pyne, S.J., Roos, C.I., Scott, A.C., Sodhi, N.S. and Swetnam, T.W. 2011. The human dimension of fire regimes on Earth. Journal of Biogeography 38, 2223–2236.

Kull, C.A., Shackleton, C.M., Cunningham, P.S., Ducatillon, C., Dufour Dror, J.-M., Esler, K.J., Friday, J.B., Gouveia, A.C., Griffin, A.R., Marchante, E.M., Midgley, S.J., Pauchard, A., Rangan, H., Richardson, D.M., Rinaudo, T., Tassin, J., Urgenson, L.S., von Maltitz, G.P., Zenni, R.D. and Zylstra, M.J. 2011. Adoption, use and perception of Australian acacias around the world. Diversity and Distributions 17, 822–836.

Carruthers, J., Robin, L., Hattingh, J., Kull, C.A., Rangan, H., and van Wilgen, B.W. 2011. A native at home and abroad: the history, politics, ethics and aesthetics of Acacia. Diversity and Distributions 17, 810–821.

Rangan, H., Kull, C.A. and Alexander, L. 2010. Forest plantations, water availability, and regional climate change: controversies surrounding Acacia mearnsii plantations in the upper Palni Hills, southern India. Regional Environmental Change 10, 103–117.

Rangan, H. and Kull, C.A. 2010. The Indian Ocean and the making of Outback Australia: an ecocultural odyssey. In Moorthy, S. and Jamal, A. (eds) Indian Ocean Studies: Cultural, Social, and Political Perspectives. Routledge, London, 45–72.

Dressler, W., Büscher, B., Schoon, M., Brockington, D., Hayes, T., Kull, C.A., McCarthy,J. and Shrestha, K. 2010. From hope to crisis and back again? A critical history of the global CBRNM narrative. Environmental Conservation 37, 5–15.

Aitken, M.H., Rangan, H. and Kull, C.A. 2009. Living with alien invasives: the political ecology of wattle in the eastern highveld Mpumalanga, South Africa. Etudes Océan Indien 42–43, 115–141.

Bowman, D.M.J.S., Balch, J.K., Artaxo, P., Bond, W.J., Carlson, J.M., Cochrane, M.A., D'Antonio, C.M., DeFries, R.S., Doyle, J.C., Harrison, S.P., Johnston, F.H., Keeley, J.E., Krawchuk, M.A., Kull, C.A., Marston, J.B., Moritz, M.A., Prentice, I.C., Roos, C.I., Scott, A.C., Swetnam, T.W., van der Werf, G.R. and Pyne, S.J. 2009. Fire in the earth system. Science, New York 324, 481–484.

Rangan, H. and Kull, C.A. 2009. What makes ecology ‘political’?: rethinking ‘scale’ in political ecology. Progress in Human Geography 33, 28–45.

Scanlon, L. and Kull, C.A. 2009. Untangling the links between wildlife benefits and community-based conservation at Torra Conservancy, Namibia. Development Southern Africa 26, 75–93.

Tassin, J., Rakotomanana, R. and Kull, C.A. 2009. Proposition d’un cadre de représentation des bioinvasions en milieu rural: cas de Acacia dealbata à Madagascar. Bois et Forêts des Tropiques 300(2), 3–14.

Kull, C.A. and Laris, P. 2009. Fire ecology and fire politics in Mali and Madagascar. In Cochrane, M.A. (ed.) Tropical Fire Ecology: Climate Change, Land Use and Ecosystem Dynamics. Springer-Praxis, Heidelberg, 171–226.

Tassin, J., Bellefontaine, R., Edmond, R. and Kull, C.A. 2009. Evaluation préliminaire des risques d’invasion par les essences forestières introduites à Madagascar. Bois et Forêts des Tropiques 299(1), 27–36.

Kull, C.A. and Rangan, H. 2008. Acacia exchanges: wattles, thorn trees, and the study of plant movements. Geoforum 39, 1258–1272.

Kull, C.A. 2008. Who should vote where? Geography and fairness in migrant voting rights. Geographical Research 46, 459–465.

Kull, C.A., Tassin, J., Rambeloarisoa, G. and Sarrailh, J.-M. 2008. Invasive Australian acacias on western Indian Ocean islands: a historical and ecological review. African Journal of Ecology 46, 684–689.

Kull, C.A. 2008. Saving the land with spades: human landscape transformations in the central highlands. In Kaufmann, J.C. (ed.) Greening the Great Red Island: Madagascar in Nature and Culture. Africa Institute of South Africa, Pretoria, 113–135.

Kull, C.A. 2008. Landscapes of fire: origins, politics, and questions. In David, B. and Thomas, J.N. (eds) Handbook of Landscape Archaeology. Left Coast Press, Walnut Creek, 424–429.

Kull, C.A., Tassin, J. and Rangan, H. 2007. Multifunctional, scrubby, and invasive forests? Wattles in the highlands of Madagascar. Mountain Research and Development 27, 224–231.

Kull, C.A., Ibrahim, C.K. and Meredith, T.C. 2007. Tropical forest transitions and globalization: neoliberalism, migration, tourism, and international conservation agendas. Society and Natural Resources. 20, 723–737.

Dressler, W.H., Kull, C.A. and Meredith, T.C. 2006. The politics of decentralizing national parks management in the Philippines. Political Geography 25, 789–816.

Kull, C.A. 2005. Historical landscape repeat photography as a tool for land use change research. Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift 59, 253–268.

Kull, C.A., Ratsirarson, J. and Randriamboavonjy, G. 2005. Les forêts de tapia des Hautes Terres malgaches. Terre Malgache 24, 22–58.

Kull, C.A. 2004. Isle of Fire: the Political Ecology of Landscape Burning in Madagascar. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 324 pp.

Kull, C.A. 2003. Fire and the management of highland vegetation. In Goodman, S. and Benstead, J. (eds) Natural History of Madagascar. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 153–157.

Kull, C.A. 2003. Uapaca woodlands. In Goodman, S. and Benstead, J. (eds) Natural History of Madagascar. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 393–398.

Kull, C.A. 2002. The 'degraded' tapia woodlands of highland Madagascar: rural economy, fire ecology, and forest conservation. Journal of Cultural Geography 19, 95–128.

Kull, C.A. 2002. Madagascar aflame: landscape burning as peasant protest, resistance, or a resource management tool? Political Geography 21, 927–953.

Kull, C.A. 2002. Madagascar’s burning issue: the persistent conflict over fire. Environment 44(3), 8–19.

Kull, C.A. 2002. Empowering pyromaniacs in Madagascar: ideology and legitimacy in community-based resource management. Development and Change 33, 57–78.

Kull, C.A. 2000. Deforestation, erosion, and fire: degradation myths in the environmental history of Madagascar. Environment and History 6, 421–450.

Kull, C.A. 1998. Leimavo revisited: agrarian land-use change in the highlands of Madagascar. Professional Geographer 50, 163–176.

Kull, C.A. 1996. The evolution of conservation efforts in Madagascar. International Environmental Affairs 8(1), 50–86.

Kull, C.A. and Magilligan, F.J. 1994. Controls over landslide distribution in the White Mountains, New Hampshire. Physical Geography 15, 325–341.


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