Sala Kitolelei (right) with Julia Lala and Mereseini Fong cleaning sea grapes (nama) at Sawana, Lau.
Localised environmental challenges require localised solutions. And some of the most workable solutions lie with the first-hand users of resources and custodians of Indigenous local knowledge (ILK) – the fisherwomen.
That was one of the key outcomes of Miss Salanieta Kitolelei’s recent published article titled Fisherwomen’s Indigenous and Local Knowledge – the Hidden Gems for the Management of Marine and Freshwater Resources in Fiji. Mrs. Kitolelei, a PhD scholarship recipient of the Pacific-European Union Marine Partnership (PEUMP) Programme at the Institute of Marine Resources (IMR) highlighted and captured a wealth of knowledge held by fisherwomen in 11 communities from Fiji’s traditionally renowned fishing communities or suppliers of resources to the nearby fishing markets or towns.
‘Fisherwomen in Fiji play a vital role in the daily sustenance and livelihood of their families and they use their Indigenous and local knowledge to harvest resources. In some Pacific Islands, including Fiji, women were/are the main fishers harvesting shellfish and smaller finfish for subsistence use and livelihoods’.
‘Fisherwomen and fishermen, as resource users, hold unique local knowledge of their resources and environments, particularly those which they target.’ said Miss Kitolelei. ‘In order to properly manage resources, fishers (men and women) must understand the contributions of their ILK and skills to informing knowledge gaps in scientific data for their communities.’
This study provides insights into fisherwomen’s ILK and how they are hidden gems needed to inform more holistic resource management efforts at the community level. The study also creates an awareness on the importance of women’s ILK and its contributions to fisheries and consequently how fisherwomen interpret the effects of environmental changes on their marine and freshwater resources.
‘Acknowledging and appreciating the importance of women’s ILK among all ages and all levels of society, is the first step a community takes towards effective resource management from grassroots level’, said Cherie Morris, Assistant Lecturer and interim PEUMP team leader, USP. ‘Whilst decision-making in communities remains mostly male dominated, including women’s ILK when managing local resources, will provide women’s perspective and in-depth knowledge needed to mitigate declining fisheries resources and biodiversity loss faced in different communities’.
Another key aspect highlighted in the article was the notion that women as nurturers often share their ILK to their children, creating an awareness of the importance of their natural resources and the lesson of catching only what is needed. And finally, this study provides recommendations for the incorporation fisherwomen’s ILK into management practices which can benefit the communities, fishers and resources.
USP is one of four key implementing partners of the PEUMP Programme, an initiative funded by the European Union and the Swedish government. The overall EUR 45million program promotes sustainable management and sound ocean governance for food security and economic growth while addressing climate change resilience and conservation of marine biodiversity. It follows a comprehensive approach, integrating issues related to ocean fisheries, coastal fisheries, community development, marine conservation and capacity building under one single regional action. The PEUMP programme is housed within the Institute of Marine Resources within the School of Agriculture, Geography, Environment, Ocean and Natural Sciences (SAGEONS).
Click here to access the published journal article.
The University of the South Pacific (USP) is the premier institution of higher learning for the Pacific, uniquely placed in a region of extraordinary physical, social and economic diversity to serve the region’s needs for high quality tertiary education, research and policy development. One of only two regional universities of its type in the world, USP has 12 member countries: Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, Niue, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu. USP is committed to achieving excellence and innovation for the sustainable development of Pacific Island Countries.
The Pacific-European Union Marine Partnership (PEUMP) Programme addresses some of the most serious challenges faced by Pacific countries. Among these are the increasing depletion of coastal fisheries resources; the threats to marine biodiversity, including negative impacts of climate change and disasters; the uneven contribution of oceanic fisheries to national economic development; the need for improved education and training; and the need to mainstream a rights-based approach and to promote greater recognition of gender issues to ensure inclusiveness and positive changes for Pacific island people. The seven-year PEUMP programme is funded by the European Union (EUR 35 million) and the government of Sweden (EUR 10 million). It is implemented by the Pacific Community (SPC), the Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA), the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) and the University of the South Pacific (USP) in close collaboration with Non-Government Organisations and the national authorities.