School of Geography, Earth Science and Environment


Mr. Tolu Muliaina

Assistant Coordinator for the Pacific
Asia Pacific Migration Research Network (APMRN)

Research Interests

  • Pacific Islands migration to Australia & New Zealand
  • Skilled/semi/unskilled migration and development
  • Transnational communities in Pacific-rim countries
  • Australia and New Zealand Immigration policies to PICs
  • Labour markets in PICs
  • Private Remittances
  • Poverty Reduction
  • Migration and Rural development
  • Micro-finance, informal sector and small-scale businesses
  • Returned migration and capital flow

Departmental Activities
Lecturer in charge for Semester 1 2008
• GE102: Introduction to Human Geography (print mode)

Contribute teaching to:
• GE202: Agriculture, Food and Nutrition in the Developing World
• GE302: Applied Rural Agricultural Geography of the Pacific Islands
• SO305: Comparative Industrial Relations
• HP405: Pacific Islands Migration and Resettlement

Pacific contact for the International Geographical Union (IGU) Regional Network for Southeast Asia, Australasia and Southwest Pacific (SEAASWP)

Academic Background
• Bachelor of Education
• Graduate Certificate in Tertiary Teaching
• Postgraduate Diploma (Education)
• Postgraduate Diploma (Development Studies)
• MA  - thesis titled, Remittances, the Social System and Development in Samoa

Professional Background
• Assistant Lecturer, Department of Geography, USP
• Subject Coordinator, Geography - Pre-Degree Studies Unit (PDSU) USP
• Project Officer, South Pacific Applied Geo-science Commission (SOPAC)

Conference Papers
• Muliaina, T. 2006. Migration, Remittances and Poverty Alleviation in Samoa and Tonga. 7th Global Development Conference: Institutions and Development: at the nexus of global change in St Petersburg, Russia. January 2006. 

• Muliaina, T. 2005. Remittances in Samoa: different perceptions and Misunderstanding.  Roundtable Discussion by the Foundation for Development Cooperation (FDC) in collaboration with the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva. 

• Muliaina, T. 2004.  APMRN: Migration & Remittances Researches in the Pacific.  Intergovernmental Asia-Pacific Consultations on Refugees, Displaced Persons and Migrants (APC) 9th Plenary Meeting, Nadi November  9-10 2004 

• Muliaina, T. 2004. Remittances and Agricultural Production in Samoa.  Remittance, Micro-finance and Technology Conference, University of Queensland, June 4-5 2004.

• Muliaina, T. 1999. Remittances and Development in Samoa.  Asia Pacific Migration Network Conference, University of the South Pacific, Suva.   

• Muliaina, T. 1999. SOPAC Country Profiles. SOPAC Annual Session, Nadi.


• Muliaina, T. (2008) Migration, Remittances and Development in Samoa and Tonga.

• Muliaina, T.  (2008) Challenges of Distance Education.  Direction, Institute of Education.

• Muliaina,T. 2007. Health Issues & Assessment in Samoa.  In D’Avanzo, C. E., and Geisster, E. M. 2006. 4th edition, Mosby’s Pocket Guide Series: Cultural Health Assessment.

• Muliaina,T. 2006.  The role of Church in Development in Samoa.  ‘Just Change’. July 2006 publication

• Muliaina, T. 2005. Mismatched Perceptions: attitudes of remittance recipients & remittance senders and Implications for the future of Remittances flows to Samoa.  Foundation for Development Cooperation (FDC) Publication. 

• Muliaina, T. 2005. Migration and Remittances: Threats to Subsistence Living in Samoa.  ‘Just Change’.  November 2005 publication. 

• Muliaina, T.  2004. Asia Pacific Consultations (APC).  Paper prepared by APMRN for International Organization of Migration on the Berne Initiative: Towards the development of an International Agenda for Migration Management: Regional Paper on Asia Pacific.  International Organization for Migration (IOM). 

• Muliaina, T, 2003. Remittances and Development in Samoa. In Ledale, R., Hawksley, C and Castles, S (eds.), Migration in the Asia Pacific: Population, Settlement and Citizenship Issues. Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd, Cheltenham.

• Muliaina, T. 2001. Remittances and the Social System in Samoa.  . Working Paper No. 7. Current Trend in South Pacific Migration.  Asia Pacific Migration Research Network.

Contact addresses
Email: muliaina_t(at)
Phone: +679 321 2620
Fax: +679 330 1487

Postal: School of Geography
Faculty of Islands and Oceans
P O Box 1168
The University of the South Pacific
Fiji Islands


Disclaimer & Copyright l Contact Us l 
© Copyright 1968 - 2018. All Rights Reserved.
Page updated: Monday, February 20, 2012
School of Geography, Earth Science and Environment
Faculty of Science, Technology & Environment
The University of the South Pacific
Private Bag, Laucala Campus,
Suva, Fiji.
Tel: (+679) 323 2542
Fax: (+679) 323 1506