The PACRES programme implementation sites in Solomon Islands are Barana, Mataniko, Botanical Garden, Honiara and Honiara CBD. Key areas of implementation include watershed adaptation, riverbank stabilization, urban greening; landscaping master plan and nursery expansion.
Prominent climate change impacts in Solomon Islands include natural disasters, increasing frequency of extreme rainfall, tropical cyclones, landslides and droughts. To address climate change issues, Solomon Islands has a national climate change policy, a disaster risk management Act and Plan, and other sectoral plans policies and strategies. In addition, work on a resilience development framework is currently in progress. The existing limitations for community resilience development includes functional and technical capabilities for developing, implementing and monitoring community development programs and projects. Capacity needs at local government and community levels include lack of competency and proper governance to implement plans and policies. None the less, various climate change adaptation and environment management programmes are implemented in Solomon Islands through the government and various agencies.
Focused Group Discussions (FGD) were used to identify capacity needs at the PACRES sites. A total of 40, 21 females and 19 males, participated in the activity from the Guadalcanal Provincial Government, Barana Nature Heritage Park, Tandai House of Chiefs, Tandai Ward Development Committee and Barana Community. Prominent climate change impacts from tropical cyclones, storm surges, floods, landslides and droughts include water and food security, and health and sanitation issues after/during natural disasters, which are compounded by little government support. Key capacity needs identified included:
As an initial step towards mainstreaming climate change and disaster risk management, the following local action plans are identified for PACRES geographical locations: Barana Community Heritage and Nature Park Management Plan.