PacificAus Sports and Oceania Rugby continue to strengthen women’s high-performance in the region. Six further scholarships have been offered to players from the Pacific for the 2024 Buildcorp Super W Championship
The Oceania National Olympic Committees (ONOC) will host their 43rd Annual General Assembly and a week-long of associated events in Brisbane, Australia, from 17 to 21 April 2023 at the Sofitel Brisbane Central Hotel.
Recently appointed as the Rugby Australia Delegate to Oceania Rugby, Dr Jane Wilson will join the Oceania Rugby Executive Committee (Board) filling the vacant Appointed General Member (Australia).
Dr Wilson joined the Rugby Australia Board in April 2021 and serves as a member of the Governance & Policy Committee.
The Oceania Football Confederation can confirm that due to a number of positive cases of COVID-19 in the Vanuatu and Cook Islands squads, Match Day 3 of the FIFA World Cup Qatar 2022™ Oceania Qualifiers will not go ahead.
As a result of the vast majority of the squad testing positive to COVID-19, Vanuatu have informed FIFA of their withdrawal from the tournament.
Message from Dr Robin Mitchell ONOC President
I’m pleased to join Helen to support the ONOC celebration of International Women’s Day 2022 and recognize the tremendous work done by the ONOC Equity Commission.
Previously known as the ONOC Women in Sport Commission, it has under Helen Brownlee’s leadership and guidance achieved many milestones we can be proud of as a Continental Association in the Olympic Movement.
This year, we are celebrating the postponed marking of the ONOC 40th anniversary – we have been engaging in a period of research and reflection to document our four decades of existence. We will be taking this process to our athletes, members, and partners in the coming months as we work toward a book we will launch in October.
IOC Boss to visit Fiji
IOC President Bach addressing media in press conference in Tokyo. | Photo: Kyodo News
The Oceania National Olympic Committees (ONOC) are expecting to host IOC President Thomas Bach at its 42nd General Assembly in Nadi, Fiji in May this year.
Quality Physical Education in the Pacific MOOC
Pacific Regional Sports Research Scholarship 2022 Deadline Extended till 14 February, 2022.
On Friday 21 January 2022, a virtual Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) signing was conducted via zoom to celebrate a three-year partnership and commitment between Badminton Oceania and Special Olympics Asia-Pacific.
The MOU aims to develop opportunities for persons with intellectual disabilities across the continent. Executive Board and staff members from Badminton Oceania, the Badminton World Federation and Special Olympics attended the call, with both President’s attending to digitally sign the MOU: Geraldine Brown (Badminton Oceania) and Dipak Natali (Special Olympics).
The Oceania Rugby Board has today confirmed that Bruce Cook will leave the role as General Manager of Oceania Rugby after five years of service to the organisation.
The road to the FIFA World Cup Qatar 2022™ for OFC hopefuls is now set after the completion of the preliminary competition draw held Tuesday morning NZT at the Home of FIFA in Zurich, Switzerland. The OFC qualifiers will be played in a mini-tournament format featuring eight teams and consisting of a round-robin group stage, semi-finals and the final.
Anita Blas has been serving in the capacity of Executive Director for the Guam National Olympic Committee since 1998 when she was hired by then Secretary-General and former Speaker of the Guam Legislature Senator Benjamin J. “BJ” Cruz and approved by the Board of Directors to lead Team Guam’s administrative, marketing, fundraising, and compliance efforts. Blas was recognized by the Association of National Olympic Committees for her service during the hosting of the XXV ANOC General Assembly at the Creta Convention Centre in Crete, Greece.
The TOKYO 2020 RETROSPECTIVE is part of ONOC’s closing coverage of the XXXII Olympiad. It brings several reflection pieces relevant to National Olympic Committees (NOCs) and regional and national sporting federations.
Following consultation with Lakapi Samoa and Tonga Rugby Union, who were due to contest the title, Oceania Rugby announced today the tough decision to cancel the Oceania Rugby U20 Trophy scheduled to take place on Saturday 22 May 2021.
Oceania Rugby Competitions Manger, Wayne Schuster, cited ongoing travel restrictions, relevant government and public health authority advice and continued challenges in guaranteeing the successful hosting of this tournament during the current COVID landscape as major factors in this difficult but appropriate decision.
“Unfortunately rescheduling or postponing this year’s event would also not be realistic under the current circumstances”, said Schuster.
Samoa will retain the Oceania Rugby U20 Trophy title following a 36-3 defeat of Tonga during the 2020 event.
Oceania Rugby continues to adjust the 2021 tournament schedule and looks forward to regional competitions returning when it is logistically possible.
“We will be ready to roll out our 2021 competitions when border restrictions are lifted, and competitions can be held with player, team management and tournament staff welfare our top consideration”, Schuster added.
Source : OceaniaRugby
In support of the Library’s mission, OSIC strives:
To collect, manage and disseminate information in the field of sport and physical education for the Pacific community.
Background and General Information
The Oceania Sport Information Centre was established in 1997, as a joint project of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), Oceania National Olympic Committee (ONOC), the Australian Sport Commission (ASC), UNESCO and the University of the South Pacific (USP).
OSIC is the only regional Sport Information Centre in the world that has been receiving special funding from the International Olympic Committee (IOC) through its Olympic Solidarity Program.
OSIC is located within the USP Library on “Level B” beside Reader services. OSIC is accessible through the main entrance of the USP library on Level B.
- Alliance of Independent Recognised Members of Sport (AIMS) – Association of non-IOC recognized sports.
- Association of National Olympic Committees (ANOC)- An international organization that affiliates the current 206 national Olympic Committees recognized by the International Olympic Committee.
- The Association of Summer Olympic International Federations (ASOIF)- A non-profit association of international sport federations that compete in the Summer Olympics.
- Global Association of International Sports Federations (GAISF)- An umbrella body composed of autonomous and independent international sport and event related organisations.
- The Oceania National Olympic Committees (ONOC)- An international organizatin that congregates the 17 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) of Oceania.
- International Olympic Committee (IOC)- World body of the Olympic Games
- The Olympic Channel (OC)- An Internet television service that is operated by the International Olympic Committee.
- The IOC Olympic Studies Centre (OSC)- This is the world source of reference for Olympic knowledge.
International Sport Resources
The Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF)- The organization responsible for the direction and control of the Commonwealth Games and Commonwealth Youth Games an for delivering on the vision of the Commonwealth Sports Movement.
- Asia Pacific Rugby League Confederation
- Confederation Oceanie (Petanque)
- FIBA Oceania (Basketball)
- ICC East Asia-Pacific (Cricket)
- ITTF Oceania
- Netball Oceania
- News Oceania Federation of International touch
- Oceania Athletics Association
- Oceania Boxing Confederation
- Oceania Canoe Association
- Oceania Continent Handball Federation
- Oceania Cycling Confederation
- Oceania Fencing Confederation
- Oceania Football Confederation
- Oceania Gymnastics Union
- Oceania Hockey Federation
- Oceania Judo Union
- Oceania Karate Federation
- Oceania Powerlifting Federation
- Oceania Rugby
- Oceania Sailing
- Oceania Shooting Federation
- Oceania Squash Federation
- Oceania Swimming
- Oceania Tennis Federation
- Oceania Triathlon Union
- Oceania Volleyball
- Oceania Weightlifting Federation
- World Archery Oceania
- World Taekwondo Oceania
- AIBA (Boxing)
- Badminton World Federation
- FIBA (Basketball)
- FINA (Aquatics)
- IAAF (Athletics)
- International Canoe Federation
- International Golf Federation
- International Gymnastics Federation
- International Handball Federation
- International Hockey Federation
- International Judo Federation
- International Shooting Sport Federation
- International Surfing Association
- International Table Tennis Federation
- International Tennis Federation
- International Triathlon Union
- International Volleyball Federation
- International Weightlifting Federation
- Rugby League International Federation
- UIPM World Pentathlon
- Union Cycliste Internationale
- United World Wrestling
- World Archery Federation
- World Karate Federation
- World Rowing
- World Rugby
- World Sailing
- World Taekwondo Federation
AEF’s Health and Physical Education resources ensure opportunity to know and understand Asia and Australia’s engagement with Asia. Through rich collection of resource lists and links, teachers and school leaders are supported in their efforts to implement a Health & Physical Education curriculum that builds students’ Asia capabilities.
International Association for Physical Education in Higher Education (AIESEP)
AIESEP is an international, non-governmental, non-profit, professional association which aims to promote high quality research worldwide in the areas of physical education, physical activity and sport pedagogy across the lifespan. AIESEP is multilingual, multicultural and comprises universities, colleges, institutions and individual members from across the globe.
EUPEA is a non-profit and Non-Governmental professional Organisation of national PE Associations. EUPEA promotes PE and School Sport in Europe by working with appropriate Governmental and Non-Governmental Organisations and individual experts andprofessionals.
(ECSS)Non-profit scientific organisation devoted to the promotion and dissemination of multi-and interdisciplinary research in sport and exercise science. Founded in Nice, France in 1995, we have established ourselves as the leading sport science community in Europe, with a truly international demographic.
Through publications, global events, collaboration with other global organizations such as UNESCO, the United Nations and many others, IAPESGW is a key contributor to policies and actions around the world that ensure women and girls have access to physical education, sport and dance — as athletes, scholars and researchers.
The OPEN Priority Learning Outcomes for Physical Education provide instructional focus through the lens of 4 umbrella standards and 16 instructional strands with 1 grade-level outcome per strand. This means that physical educators can now focus their planning to help students meet 16 learning outcomes per year with a clear focus on teaching the value of physical activity for good physical, emotional and mental health. All of OPEN’s 2020-2021 curriculum modules focus on this set of priority learning outcomes.
The PE Pulse Network aims to increase the quality of physical education and sport being delivered in schools. We do this by providing professional development opportunities for sporting officers and educators and by promoting events, programs and services within the local ACT community
President’s Council on Sports, Fitness & Nutrition (PCSFN) (USA)
The President’s Council on Sports, Fitness & Nutrition (PCSFN) is a federal advisory committee supported by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP) that works to increase sports participation among youth of all backgrounds and abilities and to promote healthy and active lifestyles for all Americans.
SHAPE America – Society of Health and Physical Educators serves as the voice for 200,000+ health and physical education professionals across the United States. The organization’s extensive community includes a diverse membership of health and physical educators, as well as advocates, supporters, and 50+ state affiliate organizations. SHAPE America envisions a nation where all children are prepared to lead healthy, physically active lives through health and physical education.
UNESCO – Sport-Education Partnership
The Sport-Education Partnership framework is impact-oriented and aims at creating transformative behaviourial- and systems-based change, starting with schools. The first step for this was taken with the creation of UNESCO’s Quality Physical Education (QPE) Policy Package, which practically supports governments develop inclusive child-centered physical education policy.
Quality Physical Education (QPE) represents active, inclusive, peer-led learning. A tailored QPE programme supports students to develop the physical, social and emotional skills which define self-confident and socially responsible citizens.
The Australian Council for Health, Physical Education and Recreation Inc. (ACHPER)
The Australian Council for Health, Physical Education and Recreation Inc. (ACHPER) is the leading professional association representing teachers and other professionals working in the fields of health and physical education. We are a member based, not-for-profit organisation with a significant profile.
ACHPER’s role in advocacy involves:
ACHPER has been closely involved in discussions and meetings with ACARA and contributed significant feedback from the States/Territories and National to inform the discussions on the HPE Curriculum.
Australian Professional Standards for Teachers
ACHPER has been involved in the development and consultation process of the Australian Professional Standards for Teachers, as well as the development of online support materials for teachers seeking to enhance their careers through professional learning programs.
Active and Healthy Schools Committee
ACHPER is pleased to support the Active and Healthy Schools Committee (AHSC). The overall role of the AHSC is to assist in advancing ACHPER’s engagement with health education communities relevant to the Health and Physical Education, Recreation and Sport fields and professional contexts, and to thereby support work aligned with ACHPER’s identified strategic priorities
International Federation of Physical Education (FIEP) (OCEANIA)
This is a network of a number of countries in Oceania which aims to network and share information which is relevant to their needs.
Current membership consists of appointed delegates in Fiji, Samoa, American Samoa, Tonga, Solomon Islands, Papua New Guinea, Cook Islands, Australia and New Zealand. The delegates were either nominated by their Ministry of Education, Teachers College, College of Education or professional association of physical education
Physical Education New Zealand (PENZ) – Te Ao Kori Aotearoa
PENZ is a professional non-profit organisation and incorporated society for people interested in promoting quality physical education.
PENZ actively promotes and develops physical education within New Zealand for teachers and students. The organisation also supports educators and others within the sector by providing opportunities for people to develop knowledge and understanding about all aspects of physical education.
Primary school resources | Sport New Zealand – Ihi Aotearoa
Practical information and resources for Primary and Intermediate schools to develop a culture of physical activity.
Sport New Zealand believes that physical education (PE), physical activity and sport are essential for a child to be happy and healthy in their life now and for years to come. https://sportnz.org.nz/resources/primary-school-resources/
University of the South Pacific
Physical Education programs at University of the South Pacific (USP)
University of The South pacific offers Physical Education Bachelor degree Program.
The courses are grounded in the Pacific cultural experience and will also draw on the latest regional and international research, policy and practice. The curriculum is underpinned by the concept of physical literacy which is all about developing knowledge and behaviours that give children the motivation and confidence to enjoy active lifestyles.
USP Global provides sports courses online as well. Learn about Sports and earn certificates for free. Check out for programs.
Fiji National University (FNU)
Fiji National University offers Certificate in Sports Science and Bachelor of Education (Secondary) (Physical Education & Art and Craft / Music )
The purpose of this programme is to provide professional knowledge for teaching and learning so that participants develop and expand lesson preparation
skills, as well as teaching, training, research and general administrative competencies.
The program of study is Physical Education / School Health. The program is designed to prepare teacher candidates at the undergraduate level for entry into the field of physical education and health for grades 6-12University offers Bachelor of Science in Physical Education.
Ministries of Education and Sports
Sports Development Inc. (NSDI)
Ministry of Community & Cultural Affairs (Bureau of Youth, Sports, & Recreation)
Papua New Guinea
Republic of the Marshall Islands
Topics covered are Dehydration, Muscle Cramps, Nutrition and Sleep, and Athletes’ Performance.
Next month we will provide articles on Sports Volunteers, Sports funding, Sports economy, Sports ethics, and Remittances.
Acute Dehydration Impairs Performance and Physiological Responses in Highly Trained Judo Athletes(2022)
This study investigated the effect of acute dehydration on judo-specific performance and physiological responses in highly trained judo athletes (Read More)
Hydration Status and Perception of Fluid Loss in Male and Female University Rugby Union Players (2019)
Rugby union players are at risk for dehydration due to the high physiologic demand of the sport (~7.5 MJ/game). Dehydration could be due to lack of knowledge of fluid lost during activity (Read more)
Personalized wearable electrodermal sensing-based human skin hydration level detection for sports, health and wellbeing (2022)
Personalized hydration level monitoring play vital role in sports, health, wellbeing and safety of a person while performing particular set of activities. (Read more)
Practical Hydration Solutions for Sports (2019)
Personalized hydration strategies play a key role in optimizing the performance and safety of athletes during sporting activities. (Read more)
Towards On-Device Dehydration Monitoring Using Machine Learning from Wearable Device’s Data (2022)
With the ongoing advances in sensor technology and miniaturization of electronic chips, more applications are researched and developed for wearable devices. Hydration monitoring is among the problems that have been recently researched. Athletes (Read more)
An Evidence-Based Review of the Pathophysiology, Treatment, and Prevention of Exercise-Associated Muscle Cramps (2021)
Exercise-associated muscle cramps (EAMCs) are common and frustrating for athletes and the physically active. We critically appraised the EAMC literature to provide evidence-based treatment and prevention recommendations. (Read more)
Electrolytes are essential for basic life functioning, such as maintaining electrical neutrality in cells, generating and conducting action potentials in the nerves and muscles
Sodium, potassium, and chloride are the significant electrolytes along with magnesium, calcium, phosphate, and bicarbonates. Electrolytes come from our food and fluids. (Read more)
Exertional heat stroke in sport and the military: epidemiology and mitigation (2022)
Exertional heat illness occurs along a continuum, developing from the relatively mild condition of muscle cramps, to heat exhaustion, and in some cases to the life‐threatening condition of heat stroke. (Read more)
Magnesium for skeletal muscle cramps (2020)
Background: Skeletal muscle cramps are common and often occur in association with pregnancy, advanced age, exercise or motor neuron disorders (such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis). Typically, such cramps have no obvious underlying pathology, and so are termed idiopathic. Magnesium supplements are marketed for the prophylaxis of cramps but the efficacy of magnesium for this purpose remains unclear. (Read more)
Effects of Functional Phenolics Dietary Supplementation on Athletes’ Performance and Recovery: A Review(2022)
In recent years, many efforts have been made to identify micronutrients or nutritional strategies capable of preventing, or at least, attenuating, exercise-induced muscle damage and oxidative stress, and improving athlete performance (Read more)
New Horizons in Carbohydrate Research and Application for Endurance Athletes (2022)
The importance of carbohydrate as a fuel source for exercise and athletic performance is well established (Read more)
Effectiveness of current protein recommendations in adolescent athletes on a low-carbon diet (2022)
Adolescent athletes require adequate energy and nutrient supply to support growth, development, and the demands associated with exercise and training (Read more)
Ketogenic diets, physical activity and body composition: a review (2022)
Obesity remains a serious relevant public health concern throughout the world despite related countermeasures being well understood (i.e. mainly physical activity and an adjusted diet). (Read more)
The VegPlate for Sports: A Plant-Based Food Guide for Athletes (2023)
Nutrition strategies improve physiological and biochemical adaptation to training, Nutrition strategies improve physiological and biochemical adaptation to training, facilitate more intense workouts, promote faster recoveries after a workout in anticipation of the next, and help to prepare for a race and maintain the body’s hydration status, (Read more)
Sleep and Athletes’ Performance
Acute Sleep Deprivation Impairs Motor Inhibition in Table Tennis Athletes: An ERP Study(2022)
Excellent response inhibition is the basis for outstanding competitive athletic performance, and sleep may be an important factor affecting athletes’ response inhibition (Read more)
How do elite female team sport athletes experience mental fatigue? Comparison between international competition, training and preparation camps (2022)
Elite athletes are susceptible to inadequate sleep, which may peak during competition and be exacerbated by poor sleep behaviours (Read more)
Sleep and the Young Athlete (2022)
Sleep plays a vital role in cognitive and physical performance. Teenage athletes (ages 13-19 years) are considered especially at risk for disordered sleep and associated negative cognitive, physical, and psychosomatic effects (Read more)
Tracking sleep in the field: sleep quality and sleep behaviours of elite track and field athletes during preparation and competition (2023)
Elite athletes are susceptible to inadequate sleep, which may peak during competition and be exacerbated by poor sleep behaviours (Read more)
Covid-19 and Sports
A Moderated Mediation Analysis of the Effects of the corvid-19 Pandemic on the Well-Being and Sport Readiness of Italian Team Sports Players: The Role of Perceived Safety of the Training Environment (2022)
Background: The protective restrictions (e.g., lockdowns, quarantines, social and physical distancing) consequent to the global pandemic caused by COVID-19 posited new challenges to athletes practicing competitive team sports. This study aimed to gain an understanding of the impact of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic on the well-being and sports readiness to train and to compete of competitive female and male athletes practicing outdoor (i.e., rugby, soccer) and indoor (i.e., volleyball, basketball) team sports who were active during the Italian first and second waves of COVID-19.eadiness of Italian Team Sports Players: The Role of Perceived Safety of the Training Environment.
In this study, we quantitatively assessed the effectiveness of systems for COVID-19 testing in small groups of sport teams that are semi-isolated from the general population by countermeasures against infection. Two types of group were assumed, and the dynamics of infection within each group was modeled by using a compartment model of infectious disease. One group (Group A) comprised domestic professional sports teams that play many games over a season while remaining within a relatively small region.
The aim of this study was to assess whether the infection by SARS-CoV-2 has significantly influenced physical activity, diet, alcohol, and drug consumption habits, as well as the quality of life of students of the bachelor’s degree in Physical Activity and Sports Sciences. For this purpose, an online survey was conducted, which included socio-demographic questions related to the COVID-19 disease. Physical activity was analyzed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ),
The COVID-19 outbreak has led to the implementation of strict restrictions in Australia, which have severely impacted sporting activities. Tennis is played by 6.2% of the population within the Oceania region, and is a valuable sport for maintaining social, mental, and physical health. Current literature indicates the COVID-19 pandemic has negatively affected the mental health of Australian residents
This study aimed to assess (i) COVID-19 transmission prior to and following spectator events and (ii) methodological approaches to capturing event-related transmission during the spectator return. Local authority population transmission rates were used to identify higher transmission areas, which were excluded from participant attendance following registration. Using observational online and SMS questionnaires, self-reported COVID-19 diagnoses (positive tests) and racing-related NHS Test and Trace contacts within 14 days of spectating were reported for two British Horseracing events and three Point to Point (PTP) grassroots races.
In December 2019 the world was first informed of a new virus, called SARS-CoV-2 (hereafter Covid-19) spreading fast originally in China and quickly in the rest of the world, resulting in the hospitalization and death of millions of people worldwide (World Health Organisation, 2020). The quick and almost unstoppable spread of the virus called for Governments to enact various levels of measures. Whilst these measures were taken to different degrees and time-points, they generally included the introduction of social distancing and lockdown procedures in numerous countries around the globe. As part of these procedures, work and social gatherings were brought to an abrupt halt, disrupting the operations and norms in numerous industries, including the wider sport and leisure industry.
COVID-19 has adversely affected many areas of social life, especially health, economy, education, and daily life. COVID-19 also caused various adversities in sports and sports activities. This study focuses on the effects on individuals doing sports in the COVID-19 period and sports practices in this period. In this study, in which the literature review method was used, information about the problems faced by fans, trainers, professional athletes and amateur sports individuals during the COVID-19 period is presented and some suggestions was made to individuals who do sports.
COVID-19 has dramatically altered and disrupted sport in unprecedented ways, and youth sports is one sector that has been profoundly impacted. In the United States, the youth sports industry generates $19 billion dollars annually, while youth sport tourism is estimated at $9 billion annually. With youth sports at a standstill, the effect on the youth sports infrastructure is significant. The purpose of this scholarly commentary was to discuss the psychological, developmental, and economic fallout from the stoppage of youth sports that has touched millions of participants, their families, and a substantial youth sports structural system.
The COVID-19 pandemic has, among other things, a significant impact on the economic situation of sports in general and professional soccer in particular. Our paper points out the main effects of the crisis on professional soccer. To this end, the general effects of the pandemic on sports will be briefly outlined, followed by a discussion of matches played behind closed doors. Based on the general conditions and particularities of the team sports industry, possible solutions for dealing with any problems arising from the pandemic will be discussed from the perspective of economics. As a result, we prefer intra-industry market-based solutions such as a solidarity fund or measures of self-regulation to possible state subsidies.
In 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic is giving sports a timeout. Due to the risk of infection, in Germany no sports events with live spectators were allowed for weeks starting on March 13. The question arises, what would be the impact on spectators and with that on live broadcasting for different sports? While professional sport leagues like handball and hockey (ice hockey) stopped, the football (soccer) league restarted games without spectators on May 16.
There are a lot countries which use measures to prevent spread of coronavirus infection COVID 19 caused by SARS-CoV-2. But despite of this pandemic continues. Particularities of sports activities include systematic contact with significant numbers of people, regular visits to other countries and cities for participation in competitions. It means sportsmen are in group of increased risk of infection and spread of COVID 19. For safe participation it is important to know measures which are implemented by countries for epidemic control, to study dynamics of indicators, that characterize epidemic process, to investigate effectiveness used preventive measures and the possibility to assess potential risks being sportsmen in particular country.
On March 11, 2020, the National Basketball Association suspended its season after a player tested positive for COVID-19. Within days, the rest of the sports world similarly suspended play in the wake of the pandemic. This study focuses on sports media storytelling when covering athletic competition was no longer an option. Utilizing four distinct time periods and framing theory as the foundation of our theoretical framework, the content analysis examined shifts from the normal reporting routine and how those shifts morphed as pandemic information dictated.
For the last several months, the world has been dominated by the coronavirus pandemic that effectively stopped the activity of entities in all fields of social life: finance, economy, culture and, broadly defined sport. The dynamic nature of changes and adaptation to a new reality were related to new restrictions and limitations on the functioning of society that were imposed by local governments.
Returning to sport after a COVID-19 shutdown: understanding the challenges facing community sport clubs
This study investigates the challenges of returning to sport after a COVID-19 shutdown of sport from the perspective of community sport clubs (CSCs).We explore the relationship between the challenges CSCs identified and the challenges the nation’s lead sport agency identified; and similarities or differences in the challenges faced by different types of CSCs.
The world is currently in the grips of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which has mutated to allow human-to-human spread. Infection can cause fever, dry cough, fatigue, severe pneumonia, respiratory distress syndrome and in some instances death. COVID-19 affects the immune system by producing a systemic inflammatory response, or cytokine release syndrome. Patients with COVID-19 have shown a high level of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines. There are currently no effective anti-SARS-CoV-2 viral drugs or vaccines. COVID-19 disproportionately affects the elderly, both directly, and through a number of significant age-related comorbidities. Undoubtedly, nutrition is a key determinant of maintaining good health. Key dietary components such as vitamins C, D, E, zinc, selenium and the omega 3 fatty acids have well-established immunomodulatory effects, with benefits in infectious disease. Some of these nutrients have also been shown to have a potential role in the management of COVID-19. In this paper, evidence surrounding the role of these dietary components in immunity as well as their specific effect in COVID-19 patients are discussed. In addition, how supplementation of these nutrients may be used as therapeutic modalities potentially to decrease the morbidity and mortality rates of patients with COVID-19 is discussed.
Government responses to managing the COVID-19 pandemic may have impacted the way individuals were able to engage in physical activity. Digital platforms are a promising way to support physical activity levels and may have provided an alternative for people to maintain their activity while at home.
This study aimed to examine associations between the use of digital platforms and adherence to the physical activity guidelines among Australian adults and adolescents during the COVID-19 stay-at-home restrictions in April and May 2020.
A national online survey was distributed in May 2020. Participants included 1188 adults (mean age 37.4 years, SD 15.1; 980/1188, 82.5% female) and 963 adolescents (mean age 16.2 years, SD 1.2; 685/963, 71.1% female). Participants reported demographic characteristics, use of digital platforms for physical activity over the previous month, and adherence to moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) and muscle-strengthening exercise (MSE) guidelines. Multilevel logistic regression models examined differences in guideline adherence between those who used digital platforms (ie, users) to support their physical activity compared to those who did not (ie, nonusers).